A Symbolic Interaction Analysis of Waria (Transgender Women) in Makassar - Eastern Indonesia
Society Volume 7 Issue 2#2019
PDF (English)

Keywords

Social Exclusion;
Stigma;
Transgender Women;
Waria

View Counter

  • Abstract viewed - 25 times
  • PDF (English) downloaded - 16 times

Search in:

| |

How to Cite

Abidin, K., & Djabbar, Y. (2019). A Symbolic Interaction Analysis of Waria (Transgender Women) in Makassar - Eastern Indonesia. Society, 7(2), 195-212. https://doi.org/10.33019/society.v7i2.113
Received 2019-11-05
Accepted 2019-12-26
Published 2019-12-31

Abstract

Transgender women (in Indonesia known as Waria) still experience social stigma and exclusion in society. This phenomenon is interesting to study because it is related to the existence of transgender women in dealing with stigma and social exclusion. This study aims to describe the way transgender women perceive social exclusion and to describe the construction of their knowledge which, despite facing social exclusion, still maintains their existence. This study used a qualitative-phenomenological study method, using a purposive sampling technique. Data collection was done by conducting observations, in-depth interviews, and documentation. Data were analyzed using qualitative descriptive using symbolic interaction theory. The results showed that transgender women perceive the stigma and social exclusion they faced was manifested by planned actions in the form of conditional neglect and delay in introducing their existence. They respond to social situations they face with adaptive and not frontal. Transgender women's knowledge construction to maintain their existence is passed through four stages, namely impulse, perception, manipulation, and completion.

DOI : https://doi.org/10.33019/society.v7i2.113
PDF (English)

References

Ahmadi, D. (2008). Interaksi Simbolik: Suatu Pengantar. Mediator: Jurnal Komunikasi, 9(2), 301-316. https://doi.org/10.29313/mediator.v9i2.1115

Arfanda, F., & Anwar, S. (2015). Konstruksi Sosial Masyarakat Terhadap Waria. KRITIS: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Hasanuddin, 1(1), 93-102.

Benjamin, H. (1999). The Transsexual Phenomenon. Düsseldorf: Symposium Publishing.

Budge, S. L., Adelson, J. L., & Howard, K. A. (2013). Anxiety and depression in transgender individuals: The roles of transition status, loss, social support, and coping. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 81(3), 545-557. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0031774

Carroll, L., Gilroy, P. J., & Ryan, J. (2002). Counseling transgendered, transsexual, and gender‐variant clients. Journal of Counseling & Development, 80(2), 131-139. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6678.2002.tb00175.x

Greytak, E. A., Kosciw, J. G., & Diaz, E. M. (2009). Harsh Realities: The Experiences of Transgender Youth in Our Nation's Schools. Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network (GLSEN). 121 West 27th Street Suite 804, New York, NY 10001.

Haliemah, N., & Kertamukti, R. (2017). Interaksi Simbolis Masyarakat Dalam Memaknai Kesenian Jathilan. Jurnal ASPIKOM, 3(3), 494-507. https://doi.org/10.24329/aspikom.v3i3.173

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2014). Estimasi Jumlah Populasi Kunci Terdampak HIV Tahun 2012. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Kuswarno, E. (2009). Fenomenologi. Bandung: Widya Padjajaran.

Laksmi, L. (2017). Teori Interaksionisme Simbolik dalam Kajian Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi. Pustabiblia: Journal of Library and Information Science, 1(2), 121-138. https://doi.org/10.18326/pustabiblia.v1i2.121-138

Pardo, T. B. (2008). Growing up transgender: Research and theory. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University, Family Life Development Center.

Pierson, J. H. (2002). Tackling Social Exclusion. London and New York: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203167427

Plummer, K. (2010). Sociology The Basic. The UK: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203847725

Raho, B. (2007). Teori Sosiologi Modern. Jakarta: Prestasi Pustaka Publisher.

Ritzer, G. (1992), Sosiologi Ilmu Pengetahuan Berparadigma Ganda. Jakarta: Rajawali, Press.

Ritzer, G., & Smart, B. (2011). Handbook Teori Sosial. Bandung: Nusa Media.

Ruhghea, S., Mirza, M., & Rachmatan, R. (2014). Studi Kualitatif Kepuasan Hidup Pria Transgender (Waria) di Banda Aceh. Jurnal Psikologi Undip, 13(1), 11-20. https://doi.org/10.14710/jpu.13.1.11-20

Sugiyono. (2012). Metode Penelitian Kombinasi (Mix Method). Bandung: Alfabeta.

Tamunu, V. R. (2018). Analisis Interaksionisme Simbolik Terhadap Penyimpangan Perilaku Siswa (Kajian Sosiologi Pendidikan Terhadap Pelanggaran Tata Tertib Siswa Di SMA Negeri 9 Manado. HOLISTIK, 11(21), 1-20.

Tsekeris, C., & Katrivesis, N. (2008). Reflexivity in sociological theory and social action. Facta universitatis-series: Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology and History, 7(1), 1-12.

Utami, W. (2018). Pengaruh Persepsi Stigma Sosial Dan Dukungan Sosial Terhadap Kesejahteraan Psikologis Pada Narapidana. Journal An-Nafs: Kajian Penelitian Psikologi, 3(2), 183-207. https://doi.org/10.33367/psi.v3i2.620

Varamita, S, Akbar, S.N&Erlyani, N. (2014). Stigma Sosial pada Keluarga Miskin dari Pasangan Gangguan Jiwa. Journal Ecopsy, 1(3), 106-115. https://doi.org/10.20527/ecopsy.v1i3.498

Copyright (c) 2019 Owned by the Authors, published by Society

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.