The Social Media and Digitalization of Political Participation in Youths: An Indonesian Perspective
Society Volume 8 Issue 1#2020
PDF (English)
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia)


Social Media;

View Counter

  • Abstract viewed - 595 times
  • PDF (English) downloaded - 265 times
  • PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) downloaded - 235 times

Search in:

| |

How to Cite

Saud, M., Ida, R., Abbas, A., Ashfaq, A., & Ahmad, A. (2020). The Social Media and Digitalization of Political Participation in Youths: An Indonesian Perspective. Society, 8(1), 83-93.
Received 2020-03-17
Accepted 2020-04-10
Published 2020-04-23


Digitalization in the modern era has provided opportunities for the youths to participate in this information and social spheres. The concentrated use of social media has contributed to the astonishing factor among the voters where social media has changed the preferences of youths toward the right to vote. The research aims to investigate the contributions and preferences of youths toward political participation in the contemporary discussion in Indonesia. This research was quantitative research using a purposive random sampling technique to give equal opportunity to each respondent. The mode of data collection was an online survey. The majority of the respondents in this research were the student of the universities. Data were collected in April 2019 to examine the interest of youths in general elections in Indonesia. This research found that social media and Social Networking Sites (SNSs) have provided a unique platform to discuss political matters and ‘take apart’ in political discussions. Existing in-depth researches on this phenomenon show that political awareness among youths in Indonesia is an essential part and social media is the leading indicator. This research suggested some recommendations for to usage of social media for the socialization of youths.

PDF (English)
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia)


Altbach, P.G. (2007) Student Politics: Activism and Culture. In: Forest J.J.F., Altbach P.G. (eds) International Handbook of Higher Education. Springer International Handbooks of Education, vol 18. Springer, Dordrecht.

Ash, J., Kitchin, R., & Leszczynski, A. (2018). Digital turn, digital geographies? Progress in Human Geography, 42(1), 25–43.

Bandura, A. (1995). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prenctice Hall.

Baskaran, T., & Hessami, Z. (2018). Does the election of a female leader clear the way for more women in politics? American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 10(3), 95–121.

Blankson, I. A., & Murphy, P. D. (2007). Negotiating democracy: Media transformations in emerging democracies. Negotiating Democracy: Media Transformations in Emerging Democracies (pp. 1–285). State University of New York Press.

Bode, L. (2017). Closing the gap: gender parity in political engagement on social media. Information Communication and Society, 20(4), 587–603.

Boulianne, S. (2009). Does internet use affect engagement? A meta-analysis of research. Political Communication, 26(2), 193–211.

Calenda, D., & Meijer, A. (2009). Young People, The Internet And Political Participation. Information, Communication & Society, 12(6), 879–898.

Clinton, P. B. (2010). My life. New York: Random House.

De Vreese, C. H. (2007). Digital renaissance: young consumer and citizen?. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 611(1), 207-216.

Feenstra, R. A., & Casero-Ripollés, A. (2014). Democracy in the digital communication environment: A typology proposal of political monitoring processes. International Journal of Communication, 8(1), 2448–2468.

Freedman, K. (2018). Art education as social production: Culture, society, and politics in the formation of curriculum. In The Formation of School Subjects: The Struggle for Creating an American Institution (pp. 63–84). Taylor and Francis.

Gil de Zúñiga, H., Veenstra, A., Vraga, E., & Shah, D. (2010). Digital democracy: Reimagining pathways to political participation. Journal of Information Technology and Politics, 7(1), 36–51.

Gripsrud, J. (2020). Public Sphere. In The International Encyclopedia of Journalism Studies (eds T.P. Vos, F. Hanusch, D. Dimitrakopoulou, M. Geertsema-Sligh and A. Sehl). doi:10.1002/9781118841570.iejs0055

Habermas, J. (1996). Contributions to a discourse theory of law and democracy. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Ida, R., Saud, M., & Mashud, M. (2020). Persistence of social media on political activism and engagement among Indonesian & Pakistani youths. Journal of Web-based Communities, Inderscience Publisher.

Ida, R., Saud, M., & Mashud, M. (2020). An empirical analysis of social media usage, political learning and participation among youth: a comparative study of Indonesia and Pakistan. Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, 1-13.

Kaufmann, M., & Jeandesboz, J. (2017). Politics and ‘the digital’: From singularity to specificity. European Journal of Social Theory, 20(3), 309–328.

Klemmensen, R., Hatemi, P. K., Hobolt, S. B., Petersen, I., Skytthe, A., & Nørgaard, A. S. (2012). The genetics of political participation, civic duty, and political efficacy across cultures: Denmark and the United States. Journal of Theoretical Politics, 24(3), 409–427.

Lloyd, M. (2005). Beyond identity politics: Feminism, power & politics. Beyond Identity Politics: Feminism, Power and Politics. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

MacAfee, T., & De Simone, J. J. (2012). Killing the bill online? Pathways to young people’s protest engagement via social media. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 15(11), 579–584.

Manathunga, C. (2019). ‘Timescapes’ in doctoral education: the politics of temporal equity in higher education. Higher Education Research and Development, 38(6), 1227–1239.

Masiha, S., Habiba, U., Abbas, Z., Saud, M., & Ariadi, S. (2018). Exploring the link between the use of facebook and political participation among youth in Pakistan. Journal of Political Sciences & Public Affairs, 6(1), 1-7.

Montgomery, K. C., Earl, J., Foot, K. A., & Xenos, M. (2008). Civic life online: Learning how digital media can engage youth. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.

Mutz, D. C., & Mondak, J. J. (2006). The workplace as a context for cross-cutting political discourse. Journal of Politics, 68(1), 140–155.

Nisa, E. F. (2018). Creative and Lucrative Dawa: The Visual Culture of Instagram amongst Female Muslim Youth in Indonesia. Asiascape: Digital Asia, 5(1-2), 68-99.

Oser, J., Hooghe, M., & Marien, S. (2013). Is Online Participation Distinct from Offline Participation? A Latent Class Analysis of Participation Types and Their Stratification. Political Research Quarterly, 66(1), 91–101.

Papacharissi, Z. (2002). The virtual sphere: The internet as a public sphere. New Media and Society, 4(1), 9–27.

Roberts, S. K. (2009). Infectious fear: Politics, disease, and the health effects of segregation. Infectious Fear: Politics, Disease, and the Health Effects of Segregation. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Saud, M. (2018). Social networks and social ties: Changing trends of polit-ical participation among youth in Punjab-Pakistan. Journal of Advances in Humanities and Social Sciences, 4(5), 214-221.

Saud, M. (2020). Youth participation in political activities: The art of participation in Bhakkar, Punjab Pakistan. Journal of Human Behavior in Social Environment.

Saud, M., Ida, R., & Mashud, M. I. (2020). Democratic practices and youth in political participation: a doctoral study. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 25(1), 800-808.

Spencer, D. (2017). Work in and beyond the Second Machine Age: the politics of production and digital technologies. Work, Employment and Society, 31(1), 142–152.

Stewart, A. (2001). Theories of power and domination: The politics of empowerment in late modernity London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Theocharis, Y. (2015). The Conceptualization of Digitally Networked Participation. Social Media + Society, 1(2), 1-14.

Thompson, J. B. (2013). Political Scandal: Power and Visability in the Media Age. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Verba, S., Schlozman, K. L., & Brady, H. E. (1995). Voice and equality: Civic voluntarism in American politics. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Wang, S. I. (2007). Political use of the internet, political attitudes and political participation. Asian Journal of Communication, 17(4), 381–395.

Woodly, D. (2008). New competencies in democratic communication? Blogs, agenda setting and political participation. Public Choice, 134(1–2), 109–123.

World Bank. (2006). World Development Report 2007 : Development and the Next Generation. Washington, DC: World Bank.

Yunearizki, Y., Febriana, K., & Febianisari, N. (2019, October 30). Listening to the youth: Are we all ready? Retrieved from The Jakarta Post:

Copyright (c) 2020 Owned by the Author(s), published by Society

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Download data is not yet available.