The Implementation of Penta Helix Counterinsurgency (COIN) Strategic Model in Reconstructing Special Autonomy for Papua
Society Volume 8 Issue 1#2020
PDF (English)
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia)

Keywords

COIN;
Conflict;
Counterinsurgency;
Papua;
Penta Helix;
Policy;
Special Autonomy

View Counter

  • Abstract viewed - 61 times
  • PDF (English) downloaded - 21 times
  • PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) downloaded - 11 times

Search in:

| |

How to Cite

Halkis, M. (2020). The Implementation of Penta Helix Counterinsurgency (COIN) Strategic Model in Reconstructing Special Autonomy for Papua. Society, 8(1), 234-248. https://doi.org/10.33019/society.v8i1.182
Received 2020-05-11
Accepted 2020-06-08
Published 2020-06-30

Abstract

The issues of Papua (Both Papua and West Papua Provinces) have been reached by international communities even though the government regulation; Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 21, Year 2001, concerning Special Autonomy for Papua Province becoming a central issue as a problem solving to make a special treat for people in Papua internally. Whereas, the regulation is expected to make people in Papua develop political, economic, and cultural also resolving the insurgency problems among them. The arrangements of social and political, economy and budget are as a special treatment, only develop economy and infrastructure but it does not solve the conflicts until today. In this case, the Counterinsurgency (COIN) strategic model needs to be implemented following the appropriateness of national policy and the condition in Papua. This research used a content analysis method to reveal the causes of an un-optimal policy in solving the insurgency. Based on the four elements of COIN, only two elements exist; community and state elements. While the international community element and private sectors do not appear on the special autonomy legislation for Papua. As a reason, the COIN model appropriates with the condition of the people that include some elements; government, local community, the non-state, international community, and private sectors. Comparing to the United States of America (USA) model where the community is not included in the COIN element since the community as an object. On the other hand, it is different from China where military and political parties as important elements since the government decisions are supported by military force to solve the insurgency problem. This research found that civil and military cooperation in the model of COIN Papua after special autonomy is reflected by the existence of Local Government Leaders Communication Forum of Papua to face all situations that happened in Papua, both in security and emergency. Active coordination among governors, local legislators, Adat communities (customary), police, and army for COIN strategy needs special coordination to global communities openly that affect opinions on the people and private sector interests in Papua.

DOI : https://doi.org/10.33019/society.v8i1.182
PDF (English)
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia)

References

Borer, D., Freeman, M., & Twing, S. (2011). Strategy. In M. Freeman & H. Rothstein (Eds.), Gangs and Guerrillas: Ideas from Counterinsurgency and Counterterrorism (pp. 13–14). Retrieved from https://www.hsdl.org/?view&did=6229

Brizek, J., & Morris III, E. C. (2007, June). A non-conventional interdiction strategy for the global war on terror (Thesis). Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School. Retrieved from https://calhoun.nps.edu/handle/10945/3485

Chen, P. J. (2012). Australian Politics in a Digital Age. Canberra: ANU Press. https://doi.org/10.22459/APDA.02.2013

Doherty, B. (2019, August 12). Indonesia anger as West Papua independence raised at Pacific forum. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/aug/12/indonesia-angered-as-west-papua-independence-raises-its-head-at-pacific-forum

Fadhilah, M. (2019). Inkonsistensi Kebijakan Luar Negeri Melanesia Spearhead Group (MSG) dalam Isu Papua Barat: Studi Kasus Fiji dan Papua Nugini. Indonesian Perspective, 4(1), 59-81. https://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/ip/article/view/24480

Söderbaum, F. (2011). Formal and Informal Regionalism. In T. M. Shaw, J. A. Grant, & S. Cornelissen (Eds.), The Ashgate Research Companion to Regionalisms (International Political Economy of New Regionalisms Series ed., pp. 51–67). Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate.

Galula, D. (2006). Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory and practice. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger Security International.

Huntington, S. P. (2006). Political order in changing societies. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press.

Joint Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force. (2018, April 25). Counterinsurgency. Retrieved from https://fas.org/irp/doddir/dod/jp3_24.pdf

Leedy, P. D., & Ormrod, J. E. (2001). Practical Research: Planning and Design. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Merrill Prentice Hall.

Lele, A. (2014). Asymmetric Warfare: A State vs Non-State Conflict. OASIS, (20), 97-111. https://revistas.uexternado.edu.co/index.php/oasis/article/view/4011

Mason, S. J. A., & Siegfried, M. (2013). Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) in Peace Processes. In Managing Peace Processes. A handbook for AU practitioners (Vol. 1, pp. 57–77). Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: African Union (AU) & Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue (HD Centre). https://www.hdcentre.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/AU-Handbook-Volume-I-Process-related-questions-July-2013.pdf

Movanita, A. N. K. (2018, January 4). Kelompok Kriminal Bersenjata di Papua Berpotensi Ganggu Proses Pilkada. (D. Meiliiana, Ed.), Kompas.Com. Retrieved from https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2018/01/04/19190651/kelompok-kriminal-bersenjata-di-papua-berpotensi-ganggu-proses-pilkada

Parekh, B. (2000). Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory (1st ed.). London, United Kingdom: Macmillan Pub Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1177/146879680100100112

Pedersen, M. B. (2013). How to promote human rights in the world’s most repressive states: lessons from Myanmar. Australian Journal of International Affairs, 67(2), 190–202. https://doi.org/10.1080/10357718.2013.764581

Peretomode, V. P. (1985). Political Parties and Problems of National Integration: a Case Study of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (Master’s dissertation). Oklahoma, United States of America: Faculty of the Graduate College of the Oklahoma State University. Retrieved from https://shareok.org/bitstream/handle/11244/17408/Thesis-1985-P437p.pdf?sequence=1

Ramdhani, J. (2019, July 4). TNI Respons Separatis Bersenjata: Papua Diakui Dunia Bagian NKRI. Retrieved from https://news.detik.com/berita/d-4610617/tni-respons-separatis-bersenjata-papua-diakui-dunia-bagian-nkri

Rehman, M. A. (2018). Nation as a Neo-Idol: Muslim Political Theology and the Critique of Secular Nationalism in Modern South Asia. Religions, 9(11), 355. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel9110355

Scott, C., & Tebay, N. (2005). The West Papua conflict and its consequences for the Island of New Guinea: Root causes and the campaign for Papua, land of peace. The Round Table, 94(382), 599–612. https://doi.org/10.1080/00358530500331826

Singh, P. K. (2016). Changing Contexts of Chinese Military Strategy and Doctrine. New Delhi, India: Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses.

United States Government Interagency Counterinsurgency Initiative. (2009, January). U.S. Government Counterinsurgency Guide. Retrieved from https://www.hsdl.org/?view&did=38828

Wayne, M. I. (2008). China's War on Terrorism. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203936139

Copyright (c) 2020 Owned by the Author(s), published by Society

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.