The Contribution of Local Muslim Scholars to the Development of Indonesia’s Education
Society Volume 10 Issue 2#2022
PDF (English)


Historical Educational Development;
Local Values;
Muslim Education;
Muslim Scholars

View Counter

  • Abstract viewed - 46 times
  • PDF (English) downloaded - 19 times

Search in:

| |

How to Cite

Bosra, M. (2022). The Contribution of Local Muslim Scholars to the Development of Indonesia’s Education. Society, 10(2), 353-366.


Education is an urgent matter in every culture and civilization. With education, mankind can change themselves and their civilization. The same is true for the process of spreading Islam in Indonesia. Since Islam was first introduced in Indonesia, its spreading has been inseparable from people’s daily lives, including the building and shaping of the education sector (Rochmawati et al., 2018; Vickers, 2013; Hasan, 2009). Java Island is one of Indonesia’s regions with a wider history of Islamic education (Ricklefs, 2012; Woodward, 2010). In the present manuscript, the author examines the contribution of Muslim scholars in developing Indonesia’s modern education. Data were collected from both primary and secondary sources. The mediator and social agency method has been used to facilitate the investigation. The author conducted a structural study that reconstructs historical events and occurrences regarding educational development and transformation in the country. The study’s findings are based on the question, “What is the contribution of Muslim Scholars in the development of Indonesia’s modern education, and how is the education process on Java Island? This question laid the foundation for this study, and it helps to understand the functions of local Muslim scholars in the development of education between the 19th and 20th centuries in the Indonesian archipelago. The findings show that the characteristics of Muslim scholars’ movements regarding education on Java Island consist of mainly two stages. Firstly, education is conducted at mosques, which later developed into Islamic schools classified as madrasahs and pesantren (Azra, 2018). In the second stage, education efforts are converted from its form of Islamic schools into Islamic organizations, leading to the establishment of several educational institutions and public schools, ranging from kindergarten to higher education (Daulay & Tobroni, 2017; Azra, 2015). Finally, it concludes that Indonesia’s education developed in stages, from education at mosques and small community gatherings in residences of Muslim scholars to Islamic schools. Finally, Islamic organizations were formed to develop today’s public education system.

PDF (English)


Abdullah, T. (1970). Schools and Politics: The Kaum Muda Movement in West Sumatra (1927-1933). Cornell University.

Abdullah, T. (1995). Islam dan Pluralisme di Asia Tenggara, Jakarta, Indonesia: LIPI.

Asiah, S., Huda, M., Amrin, A., Kharisma, R., Rosyada, D., & Nata, A. (2022, February). The Dynamics of Islam in Indonesia in the Perspective of Education. In Proceedings of the 4th International Colloquium on Interdisciplinary Islamic Studies in conjunction with the 1st International Conference on Education, Science, Technology, Indonesian and Islamic Studies, ICIIS and ICESTIIS 2021, 20-21 October 2021, Jambi, Indonesia.

Azra, A. (2015). Genealogy of Indonesian Islamic Education: Roles in the Modernization of Muslim Society. Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage, 4(1), 85–114.

Azra, H. (2018). Islamic Education in Indonesia. In: Daun, H., Arjmand, R. (eds) Handbook of Islamic Education. International Handbooks of Religion and Education, vol 7. Springer, Cham.

Butts, R. F. (1967). Civilization-Building and the Modernization Process: A Framework for the Reinterpretation of the History of Education. History of Education Quarterly, 7(2), 147.

Daulay, H. P., & Tobroni, T. (2017). Islamic education in Indonesia: A historical analysis of development and dynamics. British Journal of Education, 5(13), 109-126. Retrieved from

Dhofier, Z. (1982). Tradisi pesantren: Studi tentang pandangan hidup kyai. Jakarta, Indonesia: LP3ES.

Formichi, C. (2012). Islam and the making of the nation: Kartosuwiryo and political Islam in twentieth-century Indonesia (p. 244). Leiden, Netherland: Brill Publishers.

Gardner, H. (1990). Art education and human development (Vol. 3). Getty Publications.

Ghofar, A. (2018). Cohesion analysis of Soekarno’s speech entitled only a nation with self reliance can become a great nation (Doctoral dissertation). Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo.

Harvey, B. S. (1974). Tradition, Islam, and rebellion: South Sulawesi 1950-1965. Cornell University.

Hasan, N. (2009). The making of public Islam: piety, agency, and commodification on the landscape of the Indonesian public sphere. Contemporary Islam, 3(3), 229–250.

Havighurst, R. J. (1953). Human development and education. Longmans, Green.

Lev, D. S. (1972). Islamic courts in Indonesia: A study in the political bases of legal institutions (Vol. 12). Univ of California Press.

Lloyd, C. (1993). The structures of history. Oxford: Blackwell.

Mansurnoor, J. A. (1995). Islam in an Indonesia World: Ulama of Madura, Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Mattulada, A. (1983). Islam di Sulawesi Selatan, dalam Taufik Abdullah (ed), Agama dan Perubahan Sosial, Jakarta, Indonesia: Rajawali, p. 209-322.

Mulkhan, A. M. (1994). Runtuhnya Mitos Politik Santri: Strategi kebudayaan Dalam Islam, Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Sipress.

Nasution, S. (1983). Sejarah Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia: Jammars.

Noer, D. (1980). Gerakan Modern Islam di Indonesia 1990-1942, Jakarta, Indonesia: LP3ES

Okano, K. H. (2010). A cultural overview of education in Japanese civilization: Adaptive learning at the global periphery. In Handbook of Asian education (pp. 183-198). Routledge.

Ricklefs, M. C. (2012). Islamisation and its opponents in Java: A political, social, cultural and religious history, c. 1930 to the present. Singapore: NUS Press.

Rochmawati, E., Wiechula, R., & Cameron, K. (2018). Centrality of spirituality/religion in the culture of palliative care service in Indonesia: An ethnographic study. Nursing &Amp; Health Sciences, 20(2), 231–237.

Schmutzer, E. J. (1977). Dutch colonial policy and the search for identity in Indonesia: 1920-1931. Brill Archive.

Steenbrink, K. A. (2006). Dutch colonialism and Indonesian Islam: contacts and conflicts, 1596-1950 (Vol. 7). Rodopi.

Vickers, A. (2013). A history of modern Indonesia. Cambridge University Press.

Woodward, M. (2010). Java, Indonesia and Islam (Vol. 3). Springer Science & Business Media.

Copyright (c) 2022 Owned by the Author(s), published by Society

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Download data is not yet available.