Food security is still becoming a crucial issue in developing countries nowadays, either in urban or rural areas. There are many factors triggered this condition, such as the increase in population pressure and conflict, privatization and changing tenure arrangements, poverty, social differentiation and also environmental degradation. It’s undeniable that food security is a multidimensional problem, especially for people who lived in rural or isolated areas. In Mentawai Islands, a district located in the western part of Indonesia, the indigenous people depend on forest product (sago) as their main source of food. However, since 2012, the government has destroyed their food culture by establishing the ‘National Food Security Improvement Program’ and conducting the agricultural intensification as well as establishing 600 hectares of new rice fields in six sub - districts; South Pagai, North Pagai, Sikakap, South Sipora, North Sipora, and South Siberut. This study is conducted comprehensively using the Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (FSVA) to understand and describe the exact profiles of food-insecurities and vulnerable households. Furthermore, it also identified the risks and vulnerabilities of food consumption in Mentawai communities. Findings depict that shifting or transforming the food culture from sago to rice is a serious issue because socio-cultural aspects influence it and surely the government has to make a parallel policy that can accommodate the people needs, not only prioritize the national development agenda.
Action in Solidarity with Asia and the Pacific. (1999). Country Reports on Human Rights Practices.
Badan Pusat Statistik. (2018). Ringkasan Eksekutif Luas Panen dan Produksi Beras di Indonesia
DTE, Down to Earth. Five Years Report. (2001). Indonesia’s Transmigration Program, An Update. Retrieved from http://www.downtoearth-indonesia.org/sites/downtoearth-indonesia.org/files/Transmigration%20update%202001.pdf
Erwin. (2017). Ketahanan Pangan Rumah Tangga dan Wilayah Berbasis Pangan Lokal Sagu, Keladi dan Pisang di Kabupaten Kepulauan Mentawai. Seminar Nasional Perencanaan Pembangunan Inklusif Desa Kota. Universitas Andalas.
Estudillo, J. P., Quisumbing, A. R., & Otsuka, K. (2000). Income distribution in rice–growing villages during the post‐Green Revolution periods: the Philippine case, 1985 and 1998. Agricultural Economics, 25(1), 71-84.
Johansen, L. (2008). A Chance of Self-Reflection Searching for Information Among People of Mentawai. Master Thesis. Norwegian University of Life Sciences.
Kementerian Pertanian, (2015). Analisis PDB Sektor Pertanian Indonesia.
LIPI. (2016). Kajian Kawasan Hutan Mentawai. Pusat Penelitian Kependudukan Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia.
Maxwell, S., and Frankenberger, T. R. (1992). Household food security: Concepts, Indicators, Measurements: A technical review. Rome: International Fund for Agricultural Development/United Nations Children's Fund.
Nordholt H. S., Klinken G. V. (2007). Renegotiating Boundaries. indigenous Politics in Post-Suharto Indonesia. Leiden, The Netherlands: KITLV Press.
OECD, O. (2015). Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation. Retrieved from https://www.oecd.org/agriculture/topics/agricultural-policy-monitoring-and-evaluation/
Persoon, G. A. (2002). Defining wildness and wilderness: Minangkabau images and actions on Siberut (West Sumatra). Tribal Communities in the Malay World: Historical, Cultural, and Social Perspectives. Singapore: ISEAS [Institute of South East Asian Studies], 439-436.
Purwaningsih, Y. (2008). Ketahanan pangan: situasi, permasalahan, kebijakan, dan pemberdayaan masyarakat. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan, 9(1), 1-27.
Quisumbing, M. A. R., & McClafferty, B. F. (2006). Food security in practice: Using gender research in development. International Food Policy Research Institute Washington, DC
Sen. A. (1981). Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
von Braun, J. (2014). Food Demand, Natural Resources and Nature. Pontifical Academy of Sciences Extra Series, 41. Retrieved from http://www.pas.va/content/dam/accademia/pdf/es41/es41-vonbraun.pdf
World Bank. (1999). Annual Report on Indonesian Transmigration.
World Food Program. (2009). Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis. January 2009. First Edition. Citigroup Foundation.
Copyright (c) 2019 Owned by the Author(s), published by Society
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.