The Process of Migration and Communication Technology Roles among Labor Migrants in Batam - Indonesia
Society Volume 7 Issue 2#2019
PDF (English)
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia)

Keywords

Batam;
Communication Technology;
Labor;
Migrant;
Migration;
Social Networks

View Counter

  • Abstract viewed - 122 times
  • PDF (English) downloaded - 88 times
  • PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) downloaded - 76 times

Search in:

| |

How to Cite

Hidayati, I. (2019). The Process of Migration and Communication Technology Roles among Labor Migrants in Batam - Indonesia. Society, 7(2), 173-184. https://doi.org/10.33019/society.v7i2.99
Received 2019-10-18
Accepted 2019-12-27
Published 2019-12-31

Abstract

This research explains the roles of communication technology on the migration process of labor migrants in Batam, Indonesia. Differences between places are strong reasons for people to migrate. The advances in communication technology have freed up opportunities for people to migrate. Technology has made it more accessible for migrants to raise links to their next destination through the internet. Interactions within communication technology make migration easier by decreasing the expenses and risks of moving. The explanations in this study are to understand the communication technology for the migrating process and calculate the social networks of migrants. This research applied mixed methods to explore the migration process with data collected included quantitative data from a survey with 500 respondents and supported by qualitative data from in-depth interviews. The results: 1) Communication technology helps migrants in the migration process, especially for searching for information about the destination area. 2) The migrant who uses communication technology has a strong social network and less risk of migration. The role of communication technology in the migration's processes is as a tool to maintain social ties of migrants, migrant uses their social media to make contact and gain information about their destination. This study related to SDGs' target number 10.7 which facilitates orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies, communications technology facilitate safe and well-managed migration.

DOI : https://doi.org/10.33019/society.v7i2.99
PDF (English)
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia)

References

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2016). Statistik migrasi Indonesia: Hasil survei penduduk antar sensus 2015. Jakarta: BPS.

Bellante, D., & Jackson, M. (1983). Labor economics: choice in labor markets. McGraw-Hill Companies.

Dekker, R., & Engbersen, G. (2014). How social media transform migrant networks and facilitate migration. Global Networks, 14(4), 401-418. https://doi.org/10.1111/glob.12040

Fratzscher, M. (2012). Capital flows, push versus pull factors and the global financial crisis. Journal of International Economics, 88(2), 341-356. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinteco.2012.05.003

Harris, J. R., & Todaro, M. P. (1970). Migration, unemployment and development: a two-sector analysis. The American economic review, 60(1), 126-142.

Haythornthwaite, C. (2002). Strong, weak, and latent ties and the impact of new media. The information society, 18(5), 385-401. https://doi.org/10.1080/01972240290108195

Hiller, H. H., & Franz, T. M. (2004). New ties, old ties and lost ties: the use of the internet in diaspora. New media & society, 6(6), 731-752. https://doi.org/10.1177/146144804044327

Irfan, M. 2007. Jaringan sosial dan perkembangan usaha pedagang kaki lima (Studi kasus di kalangan pedagang kaki lima Minangkabau, Pasar Kebon Kembang, Bogor). Skripsi). Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor

Lee, E. S. (1966). A Theory of Migration. Demography, 3(1), 47-57. https://doi.org/10.2307/2060063

Mahler, S. J. (2001). Transnational relationships: The struggle to communicate across borders. Identities Global Studies in Culture and Power, 7(4), 583-619. https://doi.org/10.1080/1070289X.2001.9962679

Massey, D. S., & España, F. G. (1987). The social process of international migration. Science, 237(4816), 733-738. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.237.4816.733

Nasution, A. P. (2016). Peran dan Kompetensi Kemampuan Pemerintah terhadap Perkembangan Ekonomi dan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat di Kota Batam. JURNAL DIMENSI, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.33373/dms.v3i1.80

Safitri, Y. M. (2012). Jaringan Sosial dan Strategi Adaptasi Tenaga Kerja Migran Asal Lampung di Desa Jayamukti, Kecamatan Cikarang Pusat, Kabupaten Bekasi, Provinsi Jawa Barat. Skripsi, 5(1).

Todaro, M. (1980). Internal migration in developing countries: a survey. In Population and economic change in developing countries (pp. 361-402). University of Chicago Press.

Vidyattama, Y. (2016). Inter‐provincial migration and 1975–2005 regional growth in I ndonesia. Papers in Regional Science, 95, S87-S105. https://doi.org/10.1111/pirs.12120

Wellman, B., & Hampton, K. (1999). Living networked on and offline. Contemporary Sociology, 28(6), 648-654. https://doi.org/10.2307/2655535

Copyright (c) 2019 Owned by the Authors, published by Society

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.