https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/issue/feed Society 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Herdiyanti, S.Sos., M.Si. editor@society.fisip.ubb.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p><img class="responsive" src="/public/site/images/society/Banner_Society1.jpg" alt="Banner" width="100%" height="auto"></p> <hr> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <p><img style="float: left; margin: 0 9px 3px 0;" src="/public/site/images/society/Cover_Society_FISIP_UBB.jpg" alt="cover society" width="155" height="213"><strong>Society</strong>, (abbreviated key-title: Society (Bangka. Online)), with registered number <a title="ISSN 2338-6932" href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1373005076" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ISSN 2338-6932</strong></a> (Print) and <a title="ISSN 2597-4874" href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1501558144" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ISSN 2597-4874</strong></a> (Online), is an open-access and peer-reviewed journal, published two times a year (June and December) by the Social Engineering Laboratory, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Bangka Belitung. Our main goal is to spread the latest and original articles from researchers and practitioners in various social sciences, society, culture, and political issues. Society is intended to be the journal for publishing articles reporting the results of research on various topics include, but not limited to, Sociology, Social Psychology, Social Work, Social Issues, Social and Cultural Anthropology, Political Science, Cultural Studies, Law and Society.<br><br>Society is accredited by the Ministry of Research and Technology / National Agency for Research and Innovation of the Republic of Indonesia, Decree No. 28/E/KPT/2019, rank 2 (Accredited B), valid until 2023.</p> <p>This journal provides immediate open access to its content, on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.</p> <p>In order to improve the quality of Society towards an internationally reputed journal, Society will publish every article in two languages ​​(English and Indonesian). Articles received in Indonesian will be translated into English, and vice versa.</p> </div> <hr> <div style="text-align: center;"><strong>Library Catalog</strong></div> <p>&nbsp;</p> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <p>Society (online version) is available in Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia (National Library of the Republic of Indonesia) through Indonesia oneSearch by PERPUSNAS. 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https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/181 The Ceremonial Procession and Meaning of Makan Patita in Negeri Oma - Maluku 2020-12-04T07:13:18+00:00 Jenny Koce Matitaputty jenny.matitaputty@fkip.upatti.ac.id Ida Masinay masinayida05@gmail.com <p>Makan Patita is a tradition of communal feasting or eating together among Maluku communities that practiced in festivity the Panas Pela, Panas Gandong, King coronation, building Baileo house, the celebration of city`s anniversary day, and other events in Ambon city. However, for the people of Negeri Oma in Haruku Island, the tradition of Makan Patita differs from others. The differences are attracted to be discussed about the ceremonial procession and its meaning of the tradition of Makan Patita in Negeri Oma. This research aims to describe the ceremonial process and its meaning of the Makan Patita Soa practiced in Negeri Oma, Haruku Island District, Central Maluku Regency, Maluku Province, Indonesia. This is a qualitative research where the data source obtained purposively and the data collection techniques by using observation, interview, and documentation. The results showed that: 1) Makan Patita in Negeri Oma is divided into two types; first, the uncle feeds his nephew/child (Mara/Marei), and also the nephew/child feeds his uncle (ana kas makang om). There are three stages in the practice of Makan Patita tradition; the initial stage, a time-set meeting, and preparation of various things, both food and a long white table and the prayers of struggle in Baileo Kotayasa by the Bapa Lima-Lima. In the second stage, the Makan Patita begins with Cakelele dances and the ceremonial procession takes children to the Patita dining table, then the uncles feed their nephews. In the final stage, each remaining food must be brought back and eaten by all children at home, then covered with a Eucharistic prayer for the Soa and Maradansa. 2) The meaning of Makan Patita tradition for the people in Negeri Oma is kinship ties, respect, and appreciation for elders (uncles) and it contains the symbolic meaning of hope to the children in the Soa will become a good generation and remain in the fellowship of siblings.</p> 2020-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/192 Wali Nanggroe Institution: The Role, Function, and Strategy for Resolving Conflicts in Aceh after the Peace 2020-12-04T07:13:10+00:00 Zulham Ibrahim zulhambere@gmail.com <p>Wali Nanggroe Institution is an institution of cultural authority as the unifier of the people that is independent, authoritative, and has the authority to develop and oversee the implementation of the life, adat (custom), language, the award of titles and honors, and adat rites. This research was conducted in Banda Aceh city using a qualitative method. The concept used was Wali Nanggroe, the theories of strategy, conflict resolution, and political communication theories to resolve local conflicts and analyze Wali Nanggroe neutrality in resolving conflicts in Aceh. The data were obtained by observation technique and interview (questionnaires and voice records). The results found that the Wali Nanggroe Institution does not implement a strategy in resolving conflicts both local conflicts and other conflicts in local institutions. Also, Wali Nanggroe does not hold political communication to resolve the conflicts. Besides, as a mediator, Wali Nanggroe is unfair to resolve the conflicts among local institutions due to some causes; emotional attachment between Wali Nanggroe and Members of Parliament at Aceh Provincial House of Representatives (DPRA) from Aceh Party Faction, tend to maintain the reign of Wali Nanggroe, and procedural problems in Wali Nanggroe election.</p> 2020-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/164 “Pemalang pusere Jawa“: A City Branding Model in Promoting Tourism Destination of Pemalang Regency, Central Java, Indonesia 2020-12-04T07:13:19+00:00 Riska Rahayu rskarahayu@gmail.com Achmad Nurmandi nurmandi_achmad@umy.ac.id Salahudin Salahudin salahudinmsi@umm.ac.id Dian Suluh Kusuma Dewi suluh.dian@gmail.com <p>This research aims to analyze the City Branding model “Pemalang pusere Jawa” in Pemalang Regency, which focuses on the strategy of the Government to develop a new brand of Pemalang. “Pemalang pusere Jawa” has shown an impact on increasing tourism in Pemalang, Central Java, Indonesia. The Government supports the success of the City Branding program, and the people involved in the program, stakeholders, and culture, to boost tourism, which will have an impact on the economic sector and increase tourism significantly. Data were analyzed using the Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA) approach in qualitative research that defines and explains distribution characteristics. The data were collected through interviews with six key informants who were selected using a purposive sampling technique. Document studies were also conducted to support data analysis. This research uses the NVivo 12 Plus application to analyze data consisting of Concept Maps, Group Analysis, and Cluster Analysis. There are three points found in this study, consisting of 1) Program; the program is based on Pemalang Regent Regulation Number 27/2017 Article 7 concerning Utilization and Implementation of the City Branding Logo. The branding “Pemalang pusere Jawa” was launched in 2016 and the Visit Pemalang application is used to assist tourists in exploring tourism in Pemalang or known as a tour guide application. A Visit Pemalang application makes users easier to find tourism sites in Pemalang Regency by displaying the distance from the users’ location to the destination. 2) Partnership; this program is supported by infrastructure stakeholders consisting of the Planalogy Team, the Architect Team, and the Economic Development Expert Team. Program implementation involves the Government and the Community. 3) Culture; various annual events are held as an effort to preserve culture in Pemalang such as “Festival Wong Gunung” and other annual events. Community involvement in the implementation of City Branding is one of the success factors of the program.</p> 2020-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/198 The Social Embeddedness of MSMEs Goyor Woven Sarong in Sambirembe Village, Kalijambe, Sragen 2020-12-04T07:12:52+00:00 Meita Arsita meitaarsita28@student.uns.ac.id Ahmad Zuber a.zuber@staff.uns.ac.id Argyo Demartoto argyodemartoto_fisip@staff.uns.ac.id <p>Goyor woven sarong craft is one of the Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in Wonosari Hamlet, Sambirembe Village, Kalijambe Sub-District, Sragen Regency, Central Java Province, Indonesia. The woven sarong craft is a cultural heritage passed down from generation to generation. The woven sarong craft business has survived even though the industrial-scale businesses have spread widely. In economic practice, economic actions among business actors of the woven sarong craft are based on cultural values. This research aims to analyze (1) the embeddedness of cultural values in economic practices of Goyor woven sarong; (2) the relational embeddedness between middlemen, collectors, and craftswomen; (3) the economic strategy of the Goyor woven sarong business. This research was qualitative research with a case study approach. The research analysis used the concept of economic actors’ embeddedness in the social networks approach by Granovetter. Research data was collected through in-depth interviews and direct observation. Informants were selected using a purposive sampling technique. The result shows that: 1) there is the embeddedness of cultural values on the woven sarong craft business sustainability. Woven sarong craft is a cultural heritage and work ethic has become the main foundation for business sustainability; 2) the relational embeddedness was manifested through mutual trust between the collectors, middlemen, and craftswomen through a sense of “<em>ewuh pekewuh</em>” (feeling bad, embarrassment, feeling uncomfortable), and through mutual need between the collectors, middlemen, and craftswomen; 3) the economic strategy of the Goyor woven sarong business actors follows the flow of community culture.</p> 2020-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/207 Primordialism and Voting Behavior of Malay Ethnic during the 2005-2015 Riau Islands Governor Election 2020-12-04T07:12:49+00:00 Kustiawan Kustiawan kustiawan@umrah.ac.id Rumzi Samin rumzisamin@umrah.ac.id <p>This research aims to examine primordialism and voting behavior of Malay ethnic during the 2005-2015 Riau Islands governor election (Pemilihan Gubernur or Pilgub). The political phenomenon in Riau Islands seems to be different from other areas where other Malays dominate since non-Malay ethnic candidates won the governor election. This research used a qualitative method with a descriptive technique. The data were collected using in-depth interviews and direct observation. Informants were selected using a purposive sampling technique. The result found that people of Malay ethnic are open-minded. The candidates elected also can prove qualified personal and successfully leading the Malay ethnic people in moving ahead. Non-Malay ethnic won the Riau Islands (known as Kepri (Kepulauan Riau)) governor election determined by 1) The political identity of Malay ethnic people is open-minded, coexisting Islamic identity, speaking Malay language, practicing Malay culture, and committing to build and develop Malay ethnic people, so the candidates identified as part of Malay ethnic people and considered by the Malay ethnic people as a candidate for leader of the Malay people in a broadening sense; 2) the figure of candidates can socialize with people of Malay ethnic; 3) other minority ethnics and political parties supported the candidates. Native Malay candidates were failed due to the lack of contribution to the people of Malay ethnic in particular and the Riau Islands in general.</p> 2020-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/196 Social Practice of Sahabat Kapas in Vulnerable Children and Children with Special Condition Assistance in Surakarta 2020-12-04T07:12:56+00:00 Nurul Istiqomah nuriesqomah@gmail.com Bagus Haryono bagusharyono@staff.uns.ac.id Argyo Demartoto argyodemartoto_fisip@staff.uns.ac.id <p>Vulnerable Children and Children with Special Condition (Anak-Anak dalam Kondisi Khusus dan Rentan or AKKR) are children who must receive assistance and motivation to achieve their rights. In practice in real life, they are temporarily forced to be in correctional institutions/detention centers/Institute for Special Development Children (LPKA) as a result of violating the law. It should not make them shunned, but instead, they must be assisted. Vulnerable Children and Children with Special Condition need enforcement of the fulfillment of their rights. The existence of Sahabat Kapas as a nonprofit non-governmental organization (NGO) located in Karanganyar, Central Java, Indonesia, provides concerns and solicitudes for Vulnerable Children and Children with Special Condition. This research aims to analyze and describe the forms of social practice based on habitus in Sahabat Kapas organization. This research used a qualitative research method with Bourdieu’s genetic structuralism approach. Informants were determined using purposive sampling techniques. Data collection was performed using participant observation techniques in the field, in-depth interviews, and documentation studies. Data were analyzed in three stages, including data reduction, data presentation, and ended with concluding. Data were verified by source triangulation. The results showed that Sahabat Kapas became an alternative to assist Vulnerable Children and Children with Special Condition conducted in correctional institutions/detention centers/Institute for Special Development Children (LPKA). The social practices conducted by Sahabat Kapas in assisting Vulnerable Children and Children with Special Condition are following the capital they have and the history of the habitus they conduct. Relational social capital is at stake by assistants with prison officers and how to build relationships with children. Economic capital refers to the efforts made by Sahabat Kapas to get funds to support assistance through entrepreneurship and opening donations. Cultural capital includes the whole intellectual/knowledge gained by assistance through training that is useful to assist children in correctional institutions/detention centers/Institute for Special Development Children (LPKA). Symbolic capital is manifested in the form of awards from the government for Sahabat Kapas and assistance awards for children in the form of gifts.</p> 2020-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/200 Culture Shock, Adaptation, and Self-Concept of Tourism Human Resources in Welcoming the New Normal Era 2020-12-04T07:12:45+00:00 Diana Simanjuntak simanjuntak_dn@yahoo.com Rina Fitriana rinafitriana@polteksahid.ac.id <p>As a business that relies on human mobility, the tourism sector has proven to be severely affected by the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. The paralysis of tourism both nationally and globally as a result of the lockdown policy in various countries and the Large-Scale Social Restriction (LSSR) policy in Indonesia affects the operations of tourism businesses. This has raised high anxiety for Tourism Human Resources about the future of the tourism business. This research discusses culture shock, adaptation, and self-concept of Tourism Human Resources in welcoming the new normal era from a communication perspective, both related to intercultural communication, interpersonal communication, and self-concept as part of communication psychology. This research used a qualitative research method with a case study approach. Data collection techniques were conducted through interviews, field observations, and document study through WhatsApp messages in several professional association groups, webinars, and mass media. The key informants in the research were 14 people as primary data and more than 200 members of the WhatsApp group “Housekeepers Jabar” as secondary data. The results of this research showed that Tourism Human Resources suffered from a culture shock and reached its lowest point in March to mid-April, but rose slowly from late April to June. There are three very stressful aspects of their life, consisting of cultural, social, and economic aspects. Cultural and social aspects are relatively easier to overcome, but the economic aspects are the most impactful because it concerns the sustainability of their life and their families. The period of awareness in the adaptation process is a period of struggle, creativity, and action so that many of them switch professions to run online businesses. This period is still ongoing and it is not known how long it will end. Positive self-concept plays an important role in a person’s success in adapting to survive because it helps a person to be resilient, patient, courageous, and creative in finding solutions in facing challenges thus opening up greater opportunities to successfully solve the problems.</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/195 A Relational Analysis of State Law and Folk Law in the Bongkoran Agrarian Conflicts, Banyuwangi Regency, East Java, Indonesia 2020-12-04T07:12:47+00:00 Umar Sholahudin umar.sholahudin@gmail.com Hotman Siahaan hmhsiahaan@gmail.com Herlambang Perdana Wiratraman herlambang@afh.unair.ac.id <p>Apart from having a socio-economic dimension, agrarian conflicts in Bongkoran, Banyuwangi Regency, East Java Province, Indonesia, also have a legal dimension. There is a dualism of law that is conflictual in terms of land tenure and use claims. One party, the government, and corporations rely on legalistic-positivistic state laws, while local people rely on folk law, namely informal laws that have existed, lived, and developed in communal society for generations. This research focuses on how the sociological perspective of law analyzes the legal conflicts that occur in Bongkoran agrarian conflict, particularly between state law and folk law. This research used a qualitative method with a legal sociology perspective. The research subjects were farmers/people of Bongkoran, Community Legal Advisors (CLA), Government (Local Government, National Land Agency, and Police), and corporate elements (PT Wongsorejo). Informants were selected using a purposive sampling technique, based on certain considerations that can be recognized beforehand, namely recognizing and understanding the problem under this research. Data collection was conducted through observation, in-depth interviews, and documentation. The collected data were analyzed qualitatively by referring to the perspectives that have been presented. The results indicated that the resolution of agrarian conflicts in Bongkoran requires the implementation of laws that are more just for local communities. The implementation of the laws is not only based on rigid articles in the law, but it needs attention to the socio-cultural and historical context of the community. The dominance of state law over folk law in agrarian conflicts results in the practice of subjugation of state law to folk law, both persuasively and repressively. Therefore, to minimize the tension and conflict between state law and folk law in agrarian conflicts, it is necessary to have a new understanding of the relationship between the two laws. The existence and enforcement of folk law are used as a complementary element in normative aspects that have not been regulated in state law.</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/236 Implementation of Management for Work-Family Conflict, Family-Work Conflict, and Job Stress that Affect Employee Satisfaction of PT Langgang Buana Perkasa 2020-12-04T07:12:40+00:00 Nurlaila Nurlaila lela_fekon@yahoo.com <p>This research aims to analyze the management of work-family conflict, family-work conflict, job stress, and its implementation that affect employee satisfaction of PT Langgang Buana Perkasa. Work and family are two important spheres in an adult’s social life. The need will not be met if unemployed. Today, a profession is also a mirror of self-actualization. Without family, individuals will feel alone and there is no place to give love. PT Langgang Buana Perkasa is a company engaged in ground handling services and transportation services on several airlines, which is located at Sultan Babullah airport, Ternate, North Maluku Province, Indonesia. This research used a qualitative descriptive method. Data were obtained through in-depth interviews and questionnaires. Literature and documentation studies are carried out to collect secondary data related to the object of research, including employees of PT Langgang Buana Perkasa, flight schedules, and PT Langgang Buana Perkasa. The data sources were selected using a purposive sampling technique. The results showed that (1) There are three characteristics of work-family conflict. Based on these three characteristics, it indicates that most employees experience conflict in work-family, but it does not affect job satisfaction; (2) There are five characteristics of family-work conflicts but employees still apply professionalism. This indicates that there is no direct conflict but it can trigger stress due to family demands on religious holidays and public holidays; (3) Physical exhaustion can lead to conflict when faced with family demands regarding that role.</p> 2020-10-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/154 Democracy and Customary Power: Potential Exclusion of Village Fund Access for East Timorese Ex-Refugees 2020-12-04T07:12:37+00:00 Ali Maksum alimaksum@ub.ac.id Wida Ayu Puspitosari widapuspitosari@ub.ac.id Juwita Hayyuning Prastiwi juwita_hayyu@ub.ac.id <p>This research aims to reveal the relations between democracy and customary power in handling the East Timorese ex-refugees in Belu Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia, related to democratic practices More specifically, democracy is limited to the context of potential exclusion access of the Village Fund for new residents. This research used a qualitative and case studies approach to reveal democratic practices related to the implementation of Village Funds that are intertwined with the local culture. The subjects in this research were new residents in Fatuba’a Village which is geographically close to the cross-border between Indonesia and East Timor. Nearly half of Fatuba’a’s populations are new residents who are East Timorese ex-refugees. A large number of new residents have become a complex social problem for Fatuba’a Village. The data collection techniques consist of observation, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions. The results showed that customary institutions play a significant role in distributing power both in aspects of government and village development, including the distribution of village funds-use. The Liudasik tribe is a successful dominant tribe obtaining legitimacy of the new residents by granting customary land as a place to live and farming for their contribution to elect the village head from the Liudasik tribe. In the context of the Village Fund, its use also shows the interdependence between new residents and the Liudasik tribe. Consequently, the new residents have an access to village funds. There is no exclusion of new residents for the Fatuba’a’s Village Fund-use. The dependence of new residents on customary institutions has perpetuated the customary power of the Liudasik tribe.</p> 2020-11-11T07:30:47+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/137 The Campaign Strategy of 2019 Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections on Social Media 2020-12-04T07:13:21+00:00 Khalida Ulfa khalida.ulfa.psc19@mail.umy.ac.id Eko Priyo Purnomo eko@umy.ac.id Aulia Nur Kasiwi aulianurkasiwi@gmail.com <p>Social media has changed the ways of the political campaign to win their candidates. The media has been prepared for disseminating vision and mission of political candidates since social media has been a promising strategy campaign. This study aims to analyze the campaign strategy of the 2019 Presidential and Vice-Presidential elections on Social Media. The method used was descriptive qualitative. The Data sources were obtained through the winning team accounts of Jokowi and Prabowo on Twitter. Data analysis techniques used Nvivo 12 plus through the crosstab feature. The results of the study found that the two winning team accounts on Twitter @BK52bersamaJKW and @PrabowoSandi_ID were very enthusiastic during the campaign. However, in the consistency level of Twitter account @BK52bersama JKW from February to April was not stable during the campaign process. Meanwhile, the Twitter account @PrabowoSandi_ID Twitter from November to December was inactive and it increased in January. Between the two winning teams; the Prabowo team was more enthusiastic in disseminating the candidate by using the hashtag where the percentage level is higher than the winning team of Jokowi.</p> 2020-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/188 The Advocacy of Facebook Public Group “Info Cegatan Jogja“ to Prevent Gangsterism Action “Klitih“ in Yogyakarta, Indonesia 2020-12-04T07:13:01+00:00 Surwandono Surwandono surwandono@umy.ac.id Diana Mutiara Bahari dianaaaamb@gmail.com <p>“Info Cegatan Jogja” is a popular public group on Facebook in informing social issues around Yogyakarta city, Indonesia. The information of netizens who get the most comments and responses is the gangsterism action known as “Klitih” in Yogyakarta. The term Klitih has been a street violence phenomenon that deeply disturbs the life of social, economic, education, and tourism in Yogyakarta. This study describes the role of the Facebook group “Info Cegatan Jogja” in advocating for the prevention of Klitih gangsterism in Yogyakarta. The analytical technique used was the mix method approach in the form of discourse analysis to capture the news dynamics and netizen responses to the phenomenon. The results of this study found that Facebook public group “Info Cegatan Jogja” can mobilize civilian awareness to participate and communicate intensively to encourage law enforcement officials to take firm action against their actions. The Facebook group “Info Cegatan Jogja” has become an important channel for community solidarity education in facing street violence “Klitih” in Yogyakarta.</p> 2020-08-24T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/235 Analysis of Macroeconomic Indicators on the Farmer Exchange Rate of North Maluku Province: A Case Study of Smallholder Plantation Subsector 2020-12-04T07:12:42+00:00 Prince Charles Heston Runtunuwu princecharles@unkhair.ac.id <p>This study aims to determine the effect of production, land area, and labor on the Farmer Exchange Rate of the smallholder plantation crops subsector individually or partially and the effect of production, land area, and labor simultaneously on the Farmer Exchange Rate in North Maluku Province in 2014 -2018. The object of this study was the farmers of North Maluku Province because the agricultural sector plays an important role and contributes greatly to the economy in North Maluku Province. This study was conducted in January-May 2020. The data collected and processed in this study are data within 5 years. The population in this study was all data on the Farmer Exchange Rate, agricultural production, agricultural land area, and labor in North Maluku Province in 2014-2018. The data used in this study were secondary data obtained from the Central Agency on Statistics of North Maluku Province in 2020 and other literature related to this study. The test tool used is multiple linear regression analysis, and the analytical tool used was IBM SPSS Statistics 16.0 software. The results showed that partially production did not affect the Farmer Exchange Rate of smallholder plantation crops in North Maluku province. Partially, land areas affect the Farmer Exchange Rate of smallholder plantation crops in North Maluku province. Individually or partially, the labor did not affect the Farmer Exchange Rate of smallholder plantation crops in North Maluku province. Simultaneously or overall, production, land area, and labor affect the Farmer Exchange Rate of smallholder plantation crops in North Maluku province, it can be said that it will affect the farmer welfare.</p> 2020-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##