Society 2023-02-22T07:42:52+00:00 Herdiyanti, S.Sos., M.Si. Open Journal Systems <p><img class="responsive" src="/public/site/images/society/Banner_Society1.jpg" alt="Banner" width="100%" height="auto"></p> <hr> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <p><img style="float: left; margin: 0 9px 3px 0;" src="/public/site/images/society/Cover_Society_FISIP_UBB.jpg" alt="cover society" width="155" height="213"><strong>Society</strong>, (abbreviated key-title: Society (Bangka. Online)), with registered number <a title="ISSN 2338-6932" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ISSN 2338-6932</strong></a> (Print) and <a title="ISSN 2597-4874" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ISSN 2597-4874</strong></a> (Online), is an open-access and peer-reviewed journal, published two times a year (June and December) by the Social Engineering Laboratory, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Bangka Belitung. Our main goal is to spread the latest and original articles from researchers and practitioners in Studies in Human Society.</p> <p>Society is intended to be the journal for publishing articles reporting the results of research on various topics include, but not limited to, Sociology, Policy and Administration, Political Science, Anthropology, Demography, Human Geography, Social Work, Criminology, and Other Studies in Human Society.<br><br>Society is accredited by the Ministry of Research and Technology / National Agency for Research and Innovation of the Republic of Indonesia, Decree No. 28/E/KPT/2019, rank 2 (Accredited B), valid until 2023. This journal provides immediate open access to its content, on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.</p> <p>In order to improve the quality of Society towards an internationally reputed journal, Society will publish every article in two languages ​​(English and Indonesian). Articles received in Indonesian will be translated into English, and vice versa.</p> </div> <hr> <div style="text-align: center;"><strong>Library Catalog</strong></div> <p>&nbsp;</p> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <p>Society (online version) is available in Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia (National Library of the Republic of Indonesia) through Indonesia oneSearch by PERPUSNAS. Print edition of this journal is also part of the ASEAN Collection at Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (National Library of Malaysia) in Kuala Lumpur - Malaysia and National Library of Australia catalog in Canberra - Australia.</p> <div style="text-align: center;"> <p><a title="Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia" href="[]=repoId:IOS6459" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img class="responsive" title="OneSearchID" src="/public/site/images/society/Indonesia_oneSearch_by_PERPUSNAS.jpg" alt="Perpusnas Logo" width="279" height="105"></a><a title="Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia" href=";fromLocationLink=false&amp;theme=PNM2" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Perpustakaan_Negara_Malaysia1.jpg" alt="PNM Logo" width="279" height="105"></a><a title="NLA Catalogue" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/NLA_Catalog1.png" alt="NLA Logo" width="279" height="105"></a></p> </div> <hr> <div style="text-align: center;"><strong>Indexed in: </strong></div> <br> <div style="text-align: center;"> <p><strong><a title="SINTA DIKTI" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/SINTA_4.jpg" width="120" height="45"></a> <a title="DOAJ" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/DOAJ.jpg" width="120" height="45"></a> <a title="ERIC" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/herdiyanti/ERIC_ED_GOV.jpg" width="120" height="45"></a> <a title="Google Scholar" href=";hl=id" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Google_Scholar.jpg" width="120" height="45"></a> <a title="Microsoft Academic Search" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Microsoft_Academic_Search.jpg" width="120" height="45"></a> <a title="Dimensions" href=";and_facet_source_title=jour.1381948" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Dimensions.jpg" width="120" height="45"></a><br></strong></p> <p><a title="More" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong><img src="/public/site/images/society/More1.png"></strong></a></p> <hr> <p><a title="Author Guidelines" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Author_Guidelines.jpg" width="250" height="100"></a> <a title="Article Template" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Article_Template.jpg" width="250" height="100"></a> <a title="Submit Your Paper" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Submit_Your_Paper.jpg" width="250" height="100"></a></p> <p><a title="Chat with us" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Chat_Whatsapp.jpg" width="250" height="150"></a></p> <hr> <div style="text-align: center;"><strong>Society joins Publons and ReviewerCredits</strong></div> <br> <div style="text-align: center;"> <p>We are pleased to inform you that <strong>Society</strong> has joined <strong><a title="Publons" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Publons</a></strong> and <a title="ReviewerCredits" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ReviewerCredits</strong></a>, the most comprehensive platform to certify, measure and reward the activity of scientists as <strong>Peer Reviewers</strong>.</p> <p><a title="Publons" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/blue_white.png" alt="Publons" width="250" height="150"></a> <a title="ReviewerCredits" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/ReviewerCredits.jpg" alt="ReviewerCredits" width="250" height="150"></a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div> <hr> <p><strong>Conference Information</strong></p> <p><a title="ICLEISR 2020" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img class="responsive" src="/public/site/images/herdiyanti/ICLEISR_2020.jpg" alt="ICLEISR 2020" width="100%" height="auto"></a></p> <hr></div> </div> <table width="100%"> <tbody> <tr bgcolor="#0065B3"> <td style="padding-top: 10px; padding-bottom: 10px; padding-left: 5px;" colspan="10" align="center"><strong><span style="color: white; font-family: Arial;">PARTNER</span></strong></td> </tr> <tr bgcolor="#F8F8FF"> <td style="padding-top: 5px;" colspan="5" align="center"><a title="AIBPM" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img class="responsive" style="width: 200px; height: 200px; border-radius: 50%;" src="/public/site/images/society/AIBPM.png" alt="AIBPM" width="200" height="200"></a><br><a title="AIBPM" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>AIBPM</strong></a><br><sub><strong>Association of International Business &amp; Professional Management</strong></sub></td> <td style="padding-top: 5px;" colspan="5" align="center"><a title="Kemenparekraf" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img class="responsive" style="width: 200px; height: 200px; border-radius: 50%;" src="/public/site/images/society/Kemenparekraf.png" alt="AIBPM" width="200" height="200"></a><br><a title="Kemenparekraf" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Kemenparekraf</strong></a><br><sub><strong>Ministry of Tourism and Economy Creative of Republic of Indonesia</strong></sub></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Habituation of Chinese Subculture amid Bangka Malay Domination: The Role-sharing Politics 2022-11-14T11:47:58+00:00 Ibrahim Ibrahim Arief Hidayat Herza Herza <p>Ethnic Chinese is an ethnic group that has long been part of the people of Bangka Island. The harmonious relationship between the ethnic Chinese and the indigenous population shows that the habituation process is going well so that their existence is accepted as a social reality. This study uses descriptive qualitative methods to collect data from interviews and observations in regencies/municipalities within Bangka Island. This research finds that the existence of the Chinese ethnicity has been processed by strengthening the four main capitals of the Chinese ethnicity (Bourdieu’s view): economic capital, social capital, cultural capital, and symbolic capital. Capital control has encouraged good role-sharing politics because capital control is carried out transformatively. It is not surprising that the Chinese minority subculture, although in many ways it feels dominant, can still be accepted as a social reality that forms intercultural harmony on Bangka island.</p> 2022-11-02T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Love, “Class Struggle”, and Violence: Framing Analysis on the Ideology behind Film Television (FTv) in Indonesia 2022-11-14T11:53:32+00:00 Refti Handini Listyani Fransiscus Xaverius Sri Sadewo Rachmah Ida Emy Susanti <p>This research examines what ideologies Film Television (FTv) offered during the COVID-19 pandemic and how these ideologies developed in the FTv using framing analysis and a gender perspective approach. Results indicate that there are two hidden ideologies as follows. First, the FTv production house carries a patriarchal ideology by raising themes that discriminate against women through stereotypes against women that appear in the story. Second, the FTv production house carries the ideology of feminism, with themes that position women as superordinate. Women occupy a higher social class than men. Women determine their own lives; even women have power over men. Academically, these findings are expected to add to the theoretical study in the sociology of communication and media research on how the power of knowledge in FTv affects the audience and contributes information, and enriches the development of research on gender relations and violence.</p> 2022-11-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## United States Foreign Policy: Peace Agreement with the Taliban in 2020 2022-11-25T15:16:28+00:00 Awani Yamora Masta <p>The events of 9/11 of 2001 led the United States to issue a Global War on Terror (GWOT) policy. One implementation of this policy is the war against Al-Qaeda groups under the Taliban regime in Afghanistan. The U.S. has launched several attacks against the Taliban, killing many U.S. soldiers and civil society in the region. After decades of fighting the Taliban with military force, the U.S. ultimately signed a peace treaty with the Taliban on February 29, 2020. Although the U.S. military is still at the forefront of warfare, it chooses to use a lenient approach to its war opponents. This research aims to determine the factors influencing the United States to enter a peace agreement with the Taliban in 2020. The theory used is the decision-making theory. This research will use the qualitative research method and data from scientific writings and credible news that discuss related or similar topics. The findings in this research imply that three factors impacted the peace agreement with the Taliban signed by The U.S. in 2020. They are domestic politics, economic and military capacity, and international context.</p> 2022-11-23T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sociology of Food Tourism Research Opportunities: A Bibliometric Analysis 2022-12-26T13:38:41+00:00 Agustina Multi Purnomo <p>This research aims to formulate sociological research opportunities in food tourism. The study used the literature review method with bibliometric analysis to find the most discussed issues and opportunities for discussing new problems that have yet to be widely discussed. This research used VOSViewer software edition 1.6.18 to analyze 3,055 research articles on the ScienceDirect website from 1999-2023. The publication period is divided into three according to the ability to download, which can only download 1000 articles in each period. This research analyzed the development of publications, publishers, scope, main keywords, clusters, density visualization maps, overlays, and research networks. The analysis found that the research on the sociology of food tourism has increased, but sociology journals have yet to become publishers with the highest number of articles. Research opportunities exist on the topics of policy, inequality, and migration. Opportunities also exist in relating new and old issues to other matters. Previous studies have yet to study many interactions between actors providing food and other actors forming food tourism destinations. It is suggested that further research covers the topics of policy, inequality, migration, sociological theorizing of food tourism, and interactions between actors in the production of tourist attractions.</p> 2022-12-16T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effective Industrialization Strategy Analysis in Accelerating Economic Growth in an Archipelago Area: Study in North Maluku Province 2022-12-26T13:44:01+00:00 Amran Husen Prince Charles Heston Runtunuwu Muhammad Hasnin <p>Investigating structural relations between sectors is important from a policy point of view. A clear perspective on cross-sectoral relations can be useful in formulating profitable and appropriate development strategies. This study compares Agricultural Demand Led Industrialization (ADLI) and Export-Led Industrialization (ELI) strategies. In making a comparison, the two strategies are used; multiplier matrix that describes the impact on endogenous variables due to changes in exogenous variables. Impact analysis with a simulation of the investment amount to see the impact on the formation of output, creation of gross value added, absorption of labor, income, and taxes. Cluster analysis aims to classify objects based on the characteristics of the observed object. The One Way Anova test is useful to determine whether there are differences in the investment simulation of each category, ADLI and ELI. The results of this study indicate that the sectors in the ADLI category have advantages in creating gross added value. In contrast, the sectors in the ELI category have advantages in creating output, income, taxes and employment. Furthermore, using the One-Way ANOVA test, it can be concluded that statistically, there is no average difference between ADLI and ELI in the output, labor, income, and tax variables.</p> 2022-12-16T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Factors Affecting the Production of the Food Crop Subsector in East Java Province 2022-12-26T13:51:03+00:00 Prince Charles Heston Runtunuwu Fahima Nasar Fahmi Tanjung <p>This study aims to analyze the factors that influence the food crop subsector production. This research paper used the panel regression analysis method to analyze the secondary data. The findings indicated that agricultural lands, laborers, fertilizer subsidies, rainfall, and irrigation infrastructure partially increase the production of the food crop subsector.</p> 2022-12-16T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## ‘I See It, I Want It, I Buy It’: The Role of Social Media Marketing in Shaping Brand Image and Gen Z’s Intention to Purchase Local Product 2022-12-28T15:39:59+00:00 Evi C Waworuntu Deske W Mandagi Anthony S Pangemanan <p>Although the interplay of social media marketing (SMM) on brand image and purchase intention has been studied extensively, insights into the link between these variables in the context of the local product remain scarce, specifically from generation Z’s customer point of view. Therefore, this study aims to fill this theoretical gap by investigating the role of SMM on brand image and purchase intention of local products in the perception of generation Z. A survey-based data was collected using purposive sampling from 184 respondents of generation Z. The data were then analyzed using SmartPLS statistical software. The result reveals that SMM positively and significantly influences the brand image and Gen Z’s intention to purchase the local product. Meanwhile, brand image was a positive predictor of purchase intention. Additionally, brand image mediates the relationship between SMM and purchase intention, such that SMM influences brand image, leading to purchase intention.</p> 2022-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Dilemma of Construction Laborers towards Welfare: Study of Young Workers in Malang City 2022-12-29T04:05:02+00:00 Nanda Harda Pratama Meiji Iin Ningtias Nadya Bherta Viana Putri <p>One essential thing is examining labor welfare aspects, especially for young workers with a long future journey. During difficulties and limitations in finding work, youth with social capital and experience in the field try to become construction laborers. Their transition did not appear to be as smooth as one might imagine, even though they entered jobs that required “muscle” or physical. This study uses qualitative methods using observation and in-depth interviews with informants in the field. While searching for data, several young people explained their transition process in their dreams of achieving better welfare than today. The fluctuating transitional phase does not seem to reach their ideas to work and their dream phase. The risk of global employment in the context of their future as laborers swaying around will encourage them to get a better life.</p> 2022-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Work-Life Balance, Job Satisfaction and Performance Among Millennial and Gen Z Employees: A Systematic Review 2022-12-30T13:59:46+00:00 Evi C Waworuntu Sandra J. R. Kainde Deske W Mandagi <p>Although the impact of work-life balance and job satisfaction on employee performance has been extensively studied, there still lacks a comprehensive understanding of the interplay among these variables among millennials and generation Z (gen Z) employees. This present inquiry, therefore, aims to systematically analyze how work-life balance and job satisfaction affect millennials’ and gen Z’s performance. Following a systematic literature review approach, relevant studies published in 2018-2022 were derived from two main academic databases (Google scholar and Research gate). Thirty-five peer-reviewed articles were then carefully selected and analyzed. The result shows that (1) work-life balance and job satisfaction positively affect millennial’s and gen Z’s performance; (2) gen Z are more idealists in thriving for work and growth (3) millennials and gen Z put a value on the supportive work environment, supportive supervisor, and career opportunity for job satisfaction (4) millennial and gen Z put a value on flexibility of work hours, annual leave and work from home for work-life balance<strong>.</strong></p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Social Resistance against Corporations for Environmental Preservation from Mining Exploration 2022-12-31T15:06:44+00:00 Syafruddin Syafruddin Hamidsyukrie Hamidsyukrie Hairil Wadi Yuliatin Yuliatin Ulfatun Hasanah <p>Environmental preservation needs to be considered to avoid conflicts and social protests in the mining world, especially in the communities around the mines. Conflicts of social resistance and efforts to preserve the environment through protests to preserve the environment in West Nusa Tenggara. This research method is descriptive qualitative with a case study approach. The results of this research indicate that exploration permits without regard to sociological and ecological conditions cause social conflict. Furthermore, the form of social conflict is in the form of demonstrations and protests on a large scale by closing the main access to West Nusa Tenggara - East Nusa Tenggara, burning state facilities and social vulnerability. It is hoped that the results of this research are related to the policies and granting of mining business licenses to pay more attention to social problems.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Description of Banjar Ethnic Voter Behavior: Lessons from the Simultaneous Regional Head Elections for the Governor and Vice Governor of Central Kalimantan Province in 2020 2023-01-05T00:51:12+00:00 Ricky Zulfauzan Charles Hutapea Nur Elysa Mitharie <p>This study was motivated by the low voter turnout in the 2020 Regional Head Election for Governor and Vice Governor in Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. The Banjar ethnicity was chosen because the Banjar ethnicity is the third largest ethnic majority in Central Kalimantan, so the behavior of the Banjar ethnicity can determine political contestation in Central Kalimantan. This study aimed to find out and analyze the behavior of the Banjar Ethnic voters. Qualitative research methods with a descriptive approach. The focus of the research is the behavior of ethnic Banjar voters, with research benchmarks using the Voter Behavior theory as follows: (a) Rational Voters, (b) Critical Voters, (c) Skeptical Voters (d) Traditional Voters. The results of the study, after the informants were interviewed, it was found that the behavior of ethnic Banjar voters mostly claimed to be rational voters, but the characteristics shown were closer to traditional voters. The critical behavior of ethnic Banjar towards prospective candidates did not combine a high orientation towards the performance of political parties and skeptical behavior towards ethnic behavior. Their Banjar is not oriented towards ideology or party and candidate policies. The behavior of traditional voters in Ethnic Banjar can be classified as traditional voters because issuing voting rights prioritizes socio-cultural closeness, origin, ethnicity and religion. This study concludes that the Banjar Ethnic voters’ behavior belongs to the Traditional Voters.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Information and Communication Technology-Facilitated Sexual Violence (ICTFSV) on Adolescents: Experience in Indonesia 2023-01-05T00:50:27+00:00 Ismi Dwi Astuti Nurhaeni Yusuf Kurniawan Rino Ardhian Nugroho Intan Insani Putri <p>This study discusses adolescents’ perceptions of ICT-facilitated sexual violence (ICTFSV) based on gender and school type. The research was conducted by surveying 719 students in seven regencies/cities in Surakarta, Indonesia, which were purposively selected. The ICTFSV indicator was measured based on the theories of <a href="#Henry_Powell2016">Henry &amp; Powell (2016)</a> and <a href="#Baumgartner_etal2010">Baumgartner et al. (2010)</a>. Mann-Whitney U and two-sided tests were employed to analyze the data. This study finds the different perceptions of ICTFSV based on gender at SHS and VHS. Moreover, it also finds the different perceptions of ICTFSV among students of SHS and VHS. This provides a new understanding of gender-perspective integration and character-building in developing school policies. Therefore, further research on gender equality and character-building of education policy can be carried out. The analyzed object imposes many limitations, namely the selected sample, the research focus, the data collecting, and analyzing method.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Impact of Stock Price Analysis on Cash Flow, Sales Growth and Net Income on a Company’s Performance: A Survey Study on Coal Mining Companies Listed on Indonesia’s Stock Exchange 2023-01-08T08:01:05+00:00 Dean Subhan Saleh Asep Saepudin Surtikanti Surtikanti Sri Dewi Anggadini <p>This study focuses on cash flow, sales growth and net income as the main aspects investigated to determine how the three aspects impact stock prices within the studied companies. Based on this point, this paper sought to determine the impact of cash flow, sales growth, and net profit on stock prices in the Coal Mining Companies listed on Indonesia’s Stock Exchange from 2012 to 2017. The study used an analytical method, applying a descriptive analysis approach to verify the results. The population in this study were five coal mining companies listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange from a list of those considered real coal mining companies. The data considered was for six years, ranging from 2012 to 2017. The sample used was purposive sampling, considering certain criteria required to establish an appropriate sample for the study. The authors later used the analytical method of multiple linear regression for data analysis. The results of hypothesis testing in this study indicate that: changes in cash flow have a significant positive effect on stock prices, changes in sales growth have a significant positive influence on stock prices, and changes in net income have a significant positive effect on the stock price in the coal mining companies listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Contribution of Local Muslim Scholars to the Development of Indonesia’s Education 2023-01-09T06:55:21+00:00 Mustari Bosra <p>Education is an urgent matter in every culture and civilization. With education, mankind can change themselves and their civilization. The same is true for the process of spreading Islam in Indonesia. Since Islam was first introduced in Indonesia, its spreading has been inseparable from people’s daily lives, including the building and shaping of the education sector (<a href="#Rochmawati_etal2018">Rochmawati et al., 2018</a>; <a href="#Vickers2013">Vickers, 2013</a>; <a href="#Hasan2009">Hasan, 2009</a>). Java Island is one of Indonesia’s regions with a wider history of Islamic education (Ricklefs, 2012; <a href="#Woodward2010">Woodward, 2010</a>). In the present manuscript, the author examines the contribution of Muslim scholars in developing Indonesia’s modern education. Data were collected from both primary and secondary sources. The mediator and social agency method has been used to facilitate the investigation. The author conducted a structural study that reconstructs historical events and occurrences regarding educational development and transformation in the country. The study’s findings are based on the question, “What is the contribution of Muslim Scholars in the development of Indonesia’s modern education, and how is the education process on Java Island? This question laid the foundation for this study, and it helps to understand the functions of local Muslim scholars in the development of education between the 19th and 20th centuries in the Indonesian archipelago. The findings show that the characteristics of Muslim scholars’ movements regarding education on Java Island consist of mainly two stages. Firstly, education is conducted at mosques, which later developed into Islamic schools classified as madrasahs and pesantren (<a href="#Azra2018">Azra, 2018</a>). In the second stage, education efforts are converted from its form of Islamic schools into Islamic organizations, leading to the establishment of several educational institutions and public schools, ranging from kindergarten to higher education (<a href="#Daulay_Tobroni2017">Daulay &amp; Tobroni, 2017</a>; <a href="#Azra2015">Azra, 2015</a>). Finally, it concludes that Indonesia’s education developed in stages, from education at mosques and small community gatherings in residences of Muslim scholars to Islamic schools. Finally, Islamic organizations were formed to develop today’s public education system.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Role of Social Capital in Strengthening Forest Farmer Group Networks in Kapitan Village, Belinyu Sub-district, Bangka Regency 2023-01-16T01:56:38+00:00 Herdiyanti Herdiyanti Sarpin Sarpin Bustami Rahman Citra Asmara Indra <p>This research focuses on a village in Belinyu Sub-district, Bangka Regency, Kapitan Village. This research uses descriptive qualitative methods and a literature review with observation and documentation data collection techniques. The study’s results found that social capital plays an important role in strengthening the network of the Forest Farmers Groups, where one of the efforts is the Karang Lintang Festival. The community in Kampung Kapitan has been built with a social capital system based on trust, norms, and network relationships. This festival activity is one of the efforts to encourage participation and increase community social capital through bonding, bridging, and linking social relationships. The theory used in this research is Woolcock’s social capital theory. As stated by Woolcock, the types of social capital become this research’s reference to analyze the role of social capital in the community. The strength of this network is obtained through wide-scale or national relationships that the Forest Farmers Group has achieved with government agencies. Of course, strengthening the network of this group is accompanied by an increase in tourism potential in Kapitan Village.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Investor Herding Behavior in Infrastructure Companies on the IDX: Data Panel Approach 2023-01-10T07:39:48+00:00 Hartaty Hadady Rachman Dano Mustafa <p>This research aims to examine the behavior of herding investors due to the information on interest rates and trading volume. By using daily infrastructure company data on the IDX, it is found that interest rates have a negative effect, while volume has a positive effect on herding behavior. The results show that herding behavior decreases when information on interest rates is entered, while herding behavior increases when there is a trend in trading volume. These results indicate that information announced and scheduled will reduce the behavior of herding investors, such as information about interest rates. On the other hand, investor herding behavior tends to increase when information is random, such as trends in stock trading volumes.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Legality of Devious Cyber Practices: Readiness of Indonesia's Cyber Laws 2023-01-10T13:57:40+00:00 Sardjana Orba Manullang <p>The ever-expanding Indonesian cyberspace has ushered in significant economic growth to the country’s online business and e-commerce. This is due to the country’s rising internet penetration rate of 73% of its total population, with about 204 million people connected to the internet. This high connectivity has brought about several positive socio-economic opportunities but with other thorny issues like cybercrime, misinformation, cyber-induced intolerance, disinformation, trolling and cyber warfare. Despite the Indonesian government’s intervention with measures to regulate cyber activities, some devious cyber practices undefined in legal literature continue to be practiced, even passed as legitimate, sometimes leading to negative consequences. These practices are often conducted as organized operations that target populations to create mistrust and polarize the targeted population. Some are crafted as cyber warfare declared by entities within a country or from a foreign country targeting another’s populace, which poses a threat to social order. This paper explores these devious cyber practices and their strategies and mitigation possibilities. A sociological research approach coupled with the use of law enforcement theory was applied to study and analyze Indonesia’s cyber security law enforcement policies, the Internet and Electronic Transaction (ITE) Law, the Criminal Prosecution Act, the Constitutional law, civil society actors and private sector actors on cyber security. Indonesian law and international law, coupled with available technology, were reviewed for readiness to address threats posed by these devious cyber issues to social order. Measures taken by the Indonesian government are in readiness to combat these cyberspace issues in its jurisdiction but also present more questions on the proposals for reviews to the legislation and introduction of content monitoring systems, which risk being inappropriately deployed in censorships or suppression of legitimate freedom of expression.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Measuring the Post-Training Effectiveness of New Training Programs: A Study on DIKLAT PIM Reformer Model 2023-01-13T09:24:35+00:00 Ruslan Kamis Abdullah W Jabid Adnan Rajak Johan Fahri <p>Studies have shown indications of performance improvement due to a training program. In the public sector, this program is highly expected to impact how the officers can demonstrate their capacity to perform their duties well. This program includes a new leadership education and training program called DIKTLAT PIM Model Reformer. This study was aimed at contextually examining the effectiveness of this new model of a training program. This study demonstrated how the basic rule (Regulation of the Head of State Administration Agency Number 13 of 2013 concerning Guidelines for Organizing Level IV Leadership Education and Training) on post-training evaluation was conducted. This current study’s novelty lies in its use of the grounded theory method as an evaluation approach for post-training effectiveness. This current study used the Grounded Theory Method (GTM) and focused on alumni training at the Municipality of Tidore Islands, North Maluku, Indonesia. The results indicated several aspects identified and defined by the alumni concerning the new training program model. The aspects include effectiveness and efficiency improvement, competency measures, leader morality and professionalism, teamwork, source financing, and performance evaluation. This current study enabled its basic regulation on measuring the effectiveness of the training program—DIKTLAT PIM Model Reformer. Future studies are also proposed to overcome this study’s weakness.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Urgency of the Muhammadiyah Youth Organization in Politics and Law in Jakarta 2023-01-14T02:16:08+00:00 Abdur Rahim Ma'mun Murod Al-Barbasy Andy Hermansyah Zainal Muksin <p>Muhammadiyah gives freedom to every organization member to exercise their rights in political life following all of their statements. The right to vote must be accounted for as citizens who act rationally and decisively, in line with the mission and interests of Muhammadiyah, for the sake of the nation and the state. This research uses normative juridical research methods (normative research). The nature of this research is descriptive, which aims to provide an overview of social phenomena regarding the role of psychiatrists in proving psychological violence in domestic violence crimes. Research data sources are primary legal materials, secondary legal materials and tertiary legal materials. The data collection method was carried out using document study techniques, which were analyzed using qualitative analysis techniques. Based on the research results, Muhammadiyah Youth chooses to strive in the life of the nation and state through efforts to develop or empower the ummah to achieve a civil society that is as strong as Muhammadiyah’s goal of achieving a truly Islamic society. Meanwhile, matters related to state policy as a process and result of the government’s political function will be followed through an appropriate and prudent approach following the principle of effective interest group struggle in the life of a democratic country that truly prioritizes the interests of the people and upholds institutional values.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## An Empirical Study of Quick Ratio and Profitability on Manufacturing Firms in Indonesia 2023-01-14T02:17:05+00:00 Lanemey Brigitha Pandeirot Elvis Ronald Sumanti Andrew Christian Aseng <p style="font-weight: 400;">This study intended to test the effect of the quick ratio on manufacturing firms’ profitability in Indonesia. To measure the profitability, three dependent variables were used: Net Profit Margin (NPM), Return On Assets (ROA) and Return On Equity (ROE). Several variable controls were used: firm size, variability in net operating income, sales growth, gross domestic product growth, and leverage. A total of 158 manufacturing firms with published financial statements from 2012 to 2016 were analyzed using a regression method. It is found that quick ratio has positive effects on manufacturing firms’ NPM and ROA. However, the same effect is not found on ROE.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Efforts of the Family Welfare Empowerment Driving Team in Increasing Entrepreneurial Motivation for Family Welfare Empowerment Cadres during the COVID-19 Pandemic 2023-01-14T05:50:17+00:00 Nenden Juliasih Sri Nurhayati Nandang Rukanda <p>This study aims to examine the efforts of the Family Welfare Empowerment Team in increasing the entrepreneurial motivation of Family Welfare Empowerment cadres in Gadobangkong Village, Ngamprah District, West Bandung Regency. The research method uses a descriptive method with a qualitative approach. The research instruments used in data collection were observation, interviews, and documentation studies which were analyzed qualitatively. There were 10 (ten) research subjects, consisting of 1 (one) Head of the Family Welfare Empowerment Driving Team and 9 (nine) members of the Family Welfare Empowerment Driving Team. From the results of data analysis, it was found that the efforts made by the Family Welfare Empowerment Driving Team, namely 1) The Family Welfare Empowerment Driving Team provided entrepreneurship training to increase entrepreneurial motivation for Family Welfare Empowerment cadres through training as much as 80% 2) The inhibiting factors of the Family Welfare Empowerment Driving Team to increase entrepreneurial motivation Family Welfare Empowerment cadres, in general, are capital, individual will, inadequate infrastructure and time. 2) The assistance and guidance provided by the Family Welfare Empowerment Driving Team are still low due to time constraints and immature experience. The recommendation in this study is to hold further training with varied materials, which are more interesting, and bring in competent resource persons so that Family Welfare Empowerment cadres are more motivated in entrepreneurship.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Developing Students’ Leadership Spirit during COVID-19 Pandemic through Virtual-Based Scouting Activities 2023-01-14T16:08:01+00:00 Nunuy Nurmalia Sri Nurhayati Agus Hasbi Noor Euis Eti Rohaeti Enceng Mulyana <p>This research aims to analyze scouting activities’ implementation to improve students’ leadership qualities during the COVID-19 epidemic. This study used a descriptive method with a qualitative approach. The subject of this study consisted of 17 individuals: 1 school policymaker, 1 scout coach, and 15 scout members in Angkasa Lanud Husen Sastranegara High School, Bandung, Indonesia. Observation, interview and documentation study were data collection techniques used in this research. The findings of the study consisted of 1) scouting activities were included in the high school curriculum to prepare students to become individuals with good character and independence, have a spirit of leadership and concern for the environment, and equip students with positive activities before entering the community; 2) Virtual-based scouting education activities consisted of online scouting training with a leadership theme, to foster students’ leadership, scout members participated in virtual activities such as seminars, discussions, watching YouTube videos on the subject of scouting, and participating in Zoom Meeting on commemorating Scouting Day. The students attended Twigs and scout coaches’ training on scout groups throughout the pandemic. They also did the practice putting Tri Satya and Dhasa Dharma into practice in daily life. Students administered and applied the General Proficiency Requirements’ points. They played active roles in the quiz competition, which seeks to build a culture of sportsmanship and leadership, improving their capacity to communicate in a forum, acquire knowledge, assume responsibility, and gain experience. The scout members also practice developing a sense of leadership in their communities at home. They practiced serving as the prayer leader in the mosque, the imam of home prayers, and guided their younger ones to recite Quran. This research recommends that virtual-based scouting activities can be applied in all schools with more variations of programs and more appreciation for the students’ leadership improvement.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Development of Smartboard Media to Improve Letter Recognition Ability for Students with Cerebral Palsy at Lutang State Special School 2023-01-15T07:00:19+00:00 Dwiyatmi Sulasminah Abdul Hadis Dwi Wulandari <p>This study aims to better understand how the use of smartboard media supports letter recognition ability in students with Cerebral Palsy at Lutang State Special School. Data was collected using a questionnaire and an efficacy assessment. Among them are the Lutang State Special School instructor and two examiners. This study describes the development of 4D models: definition, design, development, and dissemination. Quantitative descriptive analysis was carried out on the collected data. The result of the media research validation test for smartboards shows that handwriting recognition in students with Cerebral Palsy is feasible and can be learned.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Effectiveness of Online Learning Using Google Workspace and WhatsApp Applications 2023-01-17T13:22:51+00:00 Jajat Sudrajat Ibar Adi Permana Nur Azizah <p>This study aims to find an effective online learning strategy during the COVID-19 pandemic in teaching Mathematics subject matter to Class X MIPA of State Senior High School 1 Lubuklinggau. The strategy in this classroom action research is carried out through 2 cycles and includes planning, implementing, observing and reflecting. At the same time, questionnaires online were distributed to the student to find out the initial state of the study. The object of this classroom action research was class X MIPA of State Senior High School 1 Lubuklinggau. The results of classroom action research with two cycles show an increase in the results achieved according to the indicators of success. In the first cycle of students who took part in learning, as much as 79% experienced an increase of 6% in cycle II of 85% of students who took part in learning. In terms of timeliness of students in collecting assignments also increased by 5% from the first cycle of 72% to 77%. This proves that more than 75% of students participate in online learning and collect assignments on time.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Implementing Information and Communication Technology-Based Learning (ICT-Based Learning) Models to Increase Student Learning Motivation 2023-01-18T22:59:01+00:00 Wahyuli Lius Zen Ilpi Zukdi Zulfahmi Zulfahmi Zulvia Trinova <p>The research aims to determine the use of ICT-based learning models on students’ learning motivation at Darul Falah High School. The object of the research was students of Class X of Darul Falah High School, namely to see whether students’ abilities in ICT-based learning in geography subjects increased students learning motivation. The research method used is the classroom action research method. The term classroom action research emphasizes class as a research setting. The research developed was in the form of a cyclical review process consisting of four stages, namely (1) planning, (2) implementation, (3) observation and (4) reflection. The results of this study are students’ learning motivation before participating in Information and Communication Technology (ICT)-based learning. There is no enthusiasm for learning. Students chatted more, did not focus on the lesson, and did not want to discuss and do assignments well. There is no competition to get good grades, and learning objectives have not been achieved. Understanding of the subject matter has not appeared. Implementing ICT-based learning provides benefits, including being more practical and making it easier for teachers to deliver subject matter. Students find it easier to access information related to the subject matter. This is supported by facilities and infrastructure in schools that support the ICT-based learning process, namely the existence of internet facilities.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Effect of Organizational Commitment on the Behavior of Room Service Employees in a Hotel Industry 2023-02-22T07:42:52+00:00 I Wayan Pantiyasa I Made Darsana <p>This study aims to determine the effect of organizational commitment on Organizational Citizenship Behavior among room division employees of XYZ Hotels. The research method used was quantitative by collecting data on 45 respondents employed in the room division of XYZ Hotels. This was coupled with the use of questionnaires and literature studies. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and simple linear regression. The findings of this study show that organizational commitment provides a strong and significant influence on Organizational Citizenship Behavior. Therefore, this study concludes that organizational commitment has an effect of 18.6% with a significance of 0.016 on Organizational Citizenship Behavior among room division employees of XYZ Hotels. The correlation coefficient between the two variables is 0.432, which is quite strong.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Modalities of Minangkabau Migrant Legislative Candidates in the 2019 Legislative Election 2023-01-23T12:12:33+00:00 Novendra Hidayat Arry Bainus Caroline Paskarina Affan Sulaeman <p>This research discusses the modalities in the victory of migrant Minangkabau candidates in the 2019 Legislative Election. Minangkabau is one of the ethnic groups in Indonesia synonymous with a matrilineal kinship system and an institutionalized tradition of migrating. Migrating is a valuable capital utilized by Minangkabau migrant Legislative Candidates to gain support for votes in electoral contests. The research was conducted on two Minangkabau migrant Legislative Candidates who took part in the contestation in the Legislative Elections for the House of Representatives of the Republic of Indonesia. The research method is qualitative with a case study type. Data were collected through interviews with Minangkabau migrant candidates, voting communities, and people involved in winning candidates, such as traditional leaders and the Minangkabau community in the realm and overseas. The results of the research concluded that Fadli Zon (Gerindra Party Legislative Candidate, Electoral District of West Java V) and Jon Erizal (National Mandate Party Legislative Candidate, Electoral District of Riau I) as two of the Minangkabau migrants, the legislative candidates for the House of Representatives of the Republic of Indonesia succeeded in utilizing existing social capital and successfully elected in the 2019 Legislative Election 2019 contestation overseas. Both are considered to have good leadership figures, able to carry out the mandate, and caring, humane, and responsible individuals. Joined in the same social entity, namely the network of Minangkabau migrants who gather through the Minangkabau migrant community, the Minangkabau Family Association. Fadli Zon became General Chairman of the Central Executive Board of the Minangkabau Family Association, and Jon Erizal served as Vice General Chairman of the Riau Minangkabau Family Association. Besides building intensive communication with the community in the election contestation.</p> 2023-01-23T12:12:33+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##