https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/issue/feed Society 2024-05-17T11:38:27+00:00 Herdiyanti, S.Sos., M.Si. societyfisipubb@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p><img class="responsive" src="/public/site/images/society/Banner_Society1.jpg" alt="Banner" width="100%" height="auto"></p> <hr> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <p><img style="float: left; margin: 0 9px 3px 0;" src="/public/site/images/society/Cover_Society_FISIP_UBB.jpg" alt="cover society" width="155" height="213"><strong>Society</strong>, (abbreviated key-title: Society (Bangka. Online)), with registered number <a title="ISSN 2338-6932" href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1373005076" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ISSN 2338-6932</strong></a> (Print) and <a title="ISSN 2597-4874" href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1501558144" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ISSN 2597-4874</strong></a> (Online), is an open-access and peer-reviewed journal, published two times a year (June and December) by the Social Engineering Laboratory, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Bangka Belitung. Our main goal is to spread the latest and original articles from researchers and practitioners in Studies in Human Society.</p> <p>Society is intended to be the journal for publishing articles reporting the results of research on various topics include, but not limited to, Sociology, Policy and Administration, Political Science, Anthropology, Demography, Human Geography, Social Work, Criminology, and Other Studies in Human Society.<br><br>Society is accredited by the Ministry of Research and Technology / National Agency for Research and Innovation of the Republic of Indonesia, Decree No. 28/E/KPT/2019, rank 2 (Accredited B), valid until 2023. This journal provides immediate open access to its content, on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.</p> <p>In order to improve the quality of Society towards an internationally reputed journal, Society will publish every article in two languages ​​(English and Indonesian). Articles received in Indonesian will be translated into English, and vice versa.</p> </div> <hr> <div style="text-align: center;"><strong>Library Catalog</strong></div> <p>&nbsp;</p> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <p>Society (online version) is available in Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia (National Library of the Republic of Indonesia) through Indonesia oneSearch by PERPUSNAS. Print edition of this journal is also part of the ASEAN Collection at Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (National Library of Malaysia) in Kuala Lumpur - Malaysia and National Library of Australia catalog in Canberra - Australia.</p> <div style="text-align: center;"> <p><a title="Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia" href="http://onesearch.id/Search/Results?filter[]=repoId:IOS6459" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img class="responsive" title="OneSearchID" src="/public/site/images/society/Indonesia_oneSearch_by_PERPUSNAS.jpg" alt="Perpusnas Logo" width="279" height="105"></a><a title="Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia" href="http://opac.pnm.gov.my/lib/item?id=chamo:879740&amp;fromLocationLink=false&amp;theme=PNM2" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Perpustakaan_Negara_Malaysia1.jpg" alt="PNM Logo" width="279" height="105"></a><a title="NLA Catalogue" href="https://catalogue.nla.gov.au/Record/7892395" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img 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href="https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/public/site/images/society/TemplateEnglish.docx" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Article_Template.jpg" width="250" height="100"></a> <a title="Submit Your Paper" href="https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/about/submissions" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Submit_Your_Paper.jpg" width="250" height="100"></a></p> <p><a title="Chat with us" href="https://api.whatsapp.com/send?phone=62%22081279147175" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Chat_Whatsapp.jpg" width="250" height="150"></a></p> <hr> <div style="text-align: center;"><strong>Society joins Publons and ReviewerCredits</strong></div> <br> <div style="text-align: center;"> <p>We are pleased to inform you that <strong>Society</strong> has joined <strong><a title="Publons" href="https://publons.com/journal/444377/society" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Publons</a></strong> and <a title="ReviewerCredits" href="https://www.reviewercredits.com/user/society/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ReviewerCredits</strong></a>, the most comprehensive platform to certify, measure and reward the activity of scientists as <strong>Peer Reviewers</strong>.</p> <p><a title="Publons" href="https://publons.com/journal/444377/society" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/blue_white.png" alt="Publons" width="250" height="150"></a> <a title="ReviewerCredits" href="https://www.reviewercredits.com/user/society/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/ReviewerCredits.jpg" alt="ReviewerCredits" width="250" height="150"></a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div> <hr> <p><strong>Conference Information</strong></p> <p><a title="ICLEISR 2020" href="https://icleisr2020.pallawa.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img class="responsive" src="/public/site/images/herdiyanti/ICLEISR_2020.jpg" alt="ICLEISR 2020" width="100%" height="auto"></a></p> <hr></div> </div> <table width="100%"> <tbody> <tr bgcolor="#0065B3"> <td style="padding-top: 10px; padding-bottom: 10px; padding-left: 5px;" colspan="10" align="center"><strong><span style="color: white; font-family: Arial;">PARTNER</span></strong></td> </tr> <tr bgcolor="#F8F8FF"> <td style="padding-top: 5px;" colspan="5" align="center"><a title="AIBPM" href="http://www.aibpm.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img class="responsive" style="width: 200px; height: 200px; border-radius: 50%;" src="/public/site/images/society/AIBPM.png" alt="AIBPM" width="200" height="200"></a><br><a title="AIBPM" href="http://www.aibpm.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>AIBPM</strong></a><br><sub><strong>Association of International Business &amp; Professional Management</strong></sub></td> <td style="padding-top: 5px;" colspan="5" align="center"><a title="Kemenparekraf" href="https://www.kemenparekraf.go.id/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img class="responsive" style="width: 200px; height: 200px; border-radius: 50%;" src="/public/site/images/society/Kemenparekraf.png" alt="AIBPM" width="200" height="200"></a><br><a title="Kemenparekraf" href="https://www.kemenparekraf.go.id/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Kemenparekraf</strong></a><br><sub><strong>Ministry of Tourism and Economy Creative of Republic of Indonesia</strong></sub></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/501 The IUCN’s Contribution to Supporting Nature Conservation Programs in Serengeti National Park 2023-11-12T16:28:20+00:00 Arie Kusuma Paksi ariekusumapaksi@umy.ac.id Talitha Ofira Belani ariekusumapaksi@mail.umy.ac.id Amalia Nurul Hutami amaliastudiesinfo@mail.ugm.ac.id <p>Serengeti National Park, considered one of the most famous and significant wildlife reserves globally, where natural beauty and unparalleled scientific value converge, is experiencing a decline in habitat quality year after year. Despite the natural wealth within the Serengeti, various issues threaten wildlife species and habitats. These problems include the rapid growth of the human population, poverty, illegal hunting, and the drying up of the Mara River due to climate change. The international community has authorized the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) to develop ideas for conservation efforts. The organization illustrates how biodiversity is fundamental in addressing some of the world’s most significant challenges, such as tackling climate change, achieving sustainable energy, improving human well-being, and building a green economy. The study aims to narrate the IUCN’s role in executing environmental protection processes, intending to ensure that environmental goals hold the same importance as social goals through sustainable development. This study employs a qualitative approach, utilizing provided facts to create a detailed account of an incident. Additionally, secondary data is incorporated, involving the use of existing information. The results indicate that, despite various actions taken by the IUCN, the organization has not maximally resolved issues in the Serengeti, and several problems are still ongoing.</p> 2023-11-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/454 Abstention in the 2020 Jambi Provincial Gubernatorial Election 2023-12-07T05:32:22+00:00 Muhammad Farhan HR farhanhr35@gmail.com <p>This research aims to analyze the causes of the phenomenon of abstention and the level of community participation in the election of the Governor of Jambi Province in 2020. The study adopts a qualitative approach with a literature review as the methodology. Data collection is conducted through various sources such as books, journals, magazines, newspapers, and others. The use of the Concept Map feature in NVIVO12 Plus is also part of the research methodology. The research findings indicate that the level of community participation in the election of the governor in 2020 in Jambi Province reached 1,658,525 eligible voters. Out of this number, 1,570,285 votes were considered valid, while 88,240 votes were deemed invalid. Non-participating voters (abstention) amounted to 820,779 out of a total of 2,480,612 registered voters. Kerinci Regency had the highest abstention rate, where out of a total of 198,729 registered voters in the Permanent Voter List, 88,637 individuals (44.60%) chose to abstain. Several factors, including differences in the ethnic backgrounds of the candidates, educational levels, inadequate quality of candidates, political practices, apathetic attitudes of the community, lack of information, technical constraints, and the inaccessibility of polling locations influenced the phenomenon of abstention in the 2020 Jambi gubernatorial election.</p> 2023-12-06T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/399 Enhancing Comprehensive Mastery of Qualitative Research Methodology for Students Through the Deconstruction of the Eid al-Fitr Greeting Model 2023-12-06T17:53:50+00:00 Bagus Haryono bagusharyono@staff.uns.ac.id Sudarmo Sudarmo sudarmo@staff.uns.ac.id Triyanto Triyanto try@staff.uns.ac.id Brq Dagfa Inka Mahadika brqdagfa6@student.uns.ac.id <p>This quasi-experimental study aims to enhance the Mastery of Comprehensive Qualitative Research Methodology (MCQRM) among Sociology students. The goal is to equip students with systematic thinking steps involving philosophy, paradigm, object of study, theory, method, statistics, case examples, and addressing real problems and solutions. The research adopts a deconstruction approach, using the model of Eid al-Fitr greetings as its substance. The participants are 26 Sociology students enrolled in the Qualitative Research Method course. Data was collected through surveys using Google Forms twice during sessions from the 9th to the 15th meeting. Responses from the first form were compared with those from the second form. The differences between them were then interpreted as indicators of changes in the mastery of comprehensive thinking steps resulting from the learning treatment. The data were analyzed using analytical descriptive statistics in SPSS software. The results show a significant improvement in the overall mastery of qualitative research methodology, with a positive change of 30.8%. Improvement is also evident in method mastery at 38.5% and statistical mastery at 11.5%. The students successfully construct comprehensive thinking steps, ranging from post-positivism philosophy to the application of social definition and social behavior paradigms. They can understand the object of sociological study in cognitive, affective, and psychomotor dimensions, integrating Action and Social Exchange theories, Qualitative Research Methods, and descriptive statistics. Through this understanding, students can present a fluent thought process from various philosophical perspectives and in solving real-world problems.</p> 2023-12-06T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/528 Sustainable Ecotourism Development and Community Empowerment: A Case Study of the Center for Environmental Education in Seloliman Village, Indonesia 2023-12-14T02:03:50+00:00 Susiyanto Hendro Wiyono hendrosusiyanto24@gmail.com Agus Subianto agus.subianto@hangtuah.ac.id Nuhman Nuhman nuhman@hangtuah.ac.id <p>The ecotourism-based community empowerment model is designed to uplift local farmers by fostering the cultivation of organic agricultural plants and promoting sustainable ecotourism by utilizing natural resources and local cultural values. This study aims to illustrate the phenomenon within the community empowerment model for groups of organic farming practitioners engaged in ecotourism, as facilitated by the Center for Environmental Education (PPLH) Seloliman, Trawas, Mojokerto Regency. This study uses a qualitative descriptive approach to gather data through in-depth interviews, document analysis, focus group discussions, and field observations. The analysis reveals that the success in empowering local farmers is attributed to the maturity of ecotourism organizations and political development. Furthermore, the research findings indicate that economic empowerment has heightened farmers’ interest in cultivating organic rice due to its enhanced economic value. Simultaneously, social empowerment has broadened farmers’ perspectives, fostering openness to change and enabling them to interact and participate as surrogate hosts for ecotourism guests over a few days. This program carries implications for enhancing farmers’ understanding and commitment to leveraging natural resources and the environment. This study proposes that sustained ecotourism development necessitates a steadfast commitment to preserving environmental benefits and expanding the involvement of local communities. It is essential to uphold a cultural approach prioritizing sustainable ecotourism.</p> 2023-12-13T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/441 The Interplay of Migration Dynamics with Agricultural Paradigm Shifts in Indonesia 2023-12-14T14:15:14+00:00 Rani Andriani Budi Kusumo rani.andriani@unpad.ac.id Ganjar Kurnia ganjar.k@unpad.ac.id Iwan Setiawan iwan.setiawan@unpad.ac.id Riwanto Tirtosudarmo tirtosudarmo@yahoo.com <p>The nexus between migration and agricultural transformation encapsulates the dynamics of rural community livelihoods. Existing studies have not explicitly delineated the landscape of out-migration from rural regions in Indonesia. This study aims to elucidate migration behaviors intertwined with the lives of farming households and the utilization of remittances for agricultural investment activities. Through a comprehensive examination of literature and meta-analyses encompassing various migration cases in Indonesia, the findings reveal that both local and international migration by rural residents illustrate the adaptive strategies employed by households to cope with constrained income within the agricultural sector and limited employment prospects outside it in their villages. The enduring bond of rural communities with the agricultural sector aligns with the discernible pattern of remittance utilization, where a portion is earmarked for agricultural investments, such as land acquisition, including rice fields. The outcomes of this meta-analysis offer a holistic perspective on the relationship between migration and agriculture in Indonesia, serving as a foundation for optimizing the potential of migrants through well-tailored reintegration strategies aimed at mitigating poverty in rural areas.</p> 2023-12-14T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/542 Towards the Achievement of Papua’s Independence in the Framework of Statehood 2023-12-17T14:23:41+00:00 Aris Sarjito arissarjito@gmail.com <p>Since Indonesia gained independence in 1945, security dynamics have been intricately linked with conflict. The emergence of separatist movements, such as the Free Papua Movement or Free Papua Organization (Organisasi Papua Merdeka or OPM), has significantly disrupted Indonesia’s stability. This study aims to analyze the actions undertaken by OPM in their quest for independence, utilizing the perspective of the Montevideo Convention of 1933. Employing a qualitative descriptive research methodology, this research relies on secondary data from a literature review focused on the Papua region. The study reveals several key findings: The size and stability of a population are critical factors for the existence of a state. West Papua, with a population of 1.15 million, plays a pivotal role. The establishment of well-defined territories is crucial for distinguishing and representing nations. The proposed establishment of the Republic of West Papua has garnered support and recognition from nations like Vanuatu. Moreover, the Republic of West Papua actively engages in international organizations such as UNPO. Establishing and exercising effective government control over a nation’s territory is essential for asserting sovereignty and maintaining independence. This is exemplified by the Papua National Manifesto and the declaration of Papua’s independence in 1961. Building and maintaining relationships with other countries necessitate active participation in the global community. International recognition and support play pivotal roles in achieving long-term political goals. Challenges related to democracy, human rights, and environmental issues pose significant hurdles to Indonesia’s diplomatic relations. The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) principle offers a framework for preventing mass atrocities and holding state actors accountable for crimes against humanity. International cooperation and dialogue are imperative in addressing these complex issues and safeguarding the well-being of affected populations.</p> 2023-12-17T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/387 Factors Contributing to Internet Users' Participation in Digital Petitions 2023-12-19T09:42:47+00:00 Dyah Hapsari Ekonugraheni dyahhapsari@fisip.unsri.ac.id Retna Mahriani retnamahriani@fisip.unsri.ac.id Yusnaini Yusnaini yusnaini@fisip.unsri.ac.id <p>This study tries to answer why citizens of the Republic of Indonesia continue to participate in digital petitions even though the government has not legalized this mechanism. To answer this question, the researchers used raw data from the World Value Survey (WVS) VII, which involved 3,000 respondents from Indonesia who were eighteen years old and randomly selected. The logistic regression technique examined the effect of fourteen independent variables on the dependent variable (internet user participation in digital petitions/Y). The final logistic regression model contains seven independent variables that can explain Y as much as 4.52% significantly, X2 (7) = 169.60, p &lt; 0.01. The final model produces the characteristics of respondents who could participate in digital petitions: young people, not religious, having liberalism ideology, male, educated more than or equivalent to high school, distrust of government organizations, and unmarried. This study recommends that the government and parties related to digital petitions increase citizens’ religiosity, increase the quantity, access, and quality of education levels of ideological education, and maintain citizens’ trust in government organizations. Researchers also encourage the legislative institutions at the central and local levels to formally adopt the digital petition mechanism as an official channel for citizens to articulate their political aspirations.</p> 2023-12-19T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/591 The Role of Social Capital of Islamic Students (Santri) in Facing the Impacts of Globalization: A Case Study at Buntet Islamic Boarding School 2023-12-31T06:08:24+00:00 Margi Wahono margi85@upi.edu Dasim Budimansyah budimansyah@upi.edu Elly Malihah ellyms@upi.edu Susan Fitriasari susan_fitriasari@upi.edu <p>Islamic boarding schools in Indonesia face major challenges due to the Industrial Revolution 4.0 and globalization, which include adaptation to digital technology, expansion of social networks, and integration of Islamic boarding school values in technology-based curricula. This research focuses on the role of social capital in maintaining the relevance of Islamic boarding schools, with Buntet Islamic Boarding School as a case study. Using a qualitative approach with in-depth interviews and participant observation, data was analyzed to identify the daily application of social capital. Findings show that strong social networks, mutual trust, internalized social norms, and cooperation play key roles in the transformation of Islamic boarding schools. The uniqueness of the Buntet Islamic Boarding School can be seen in its ability to build a strong alumni network, facilitate access to new resources, and maintain the identity and values of the Islamic boarding school through a technology-based curriculum. The results of this research have practical implications in the context of education in Indonesia, guiding Islamic boarding schools and other traditional institutions to integrate social capital in their adaptation strategies to face the impacts of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 and globalization, maintain sustainability, and increase competitiveness.</p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/592 Strategies to Enhance the Employability of Higher Education Graduates in Indonesia: A Way Forward 2024-02-19T15:09:32+00:00 M Falikul Isbah falikul.isbah@ugm.ac.id Wahyu Kustiningsih wahyukustiningsih@ugm.ac.id Gregorius Ragil Wibawanto gregorius.ragil.w@ugm.ac.id Odam Asdi Artosa odamasdi27@ugm.ac.id Najib Kailani najib.kailani@uin-suka.ac.id Irsyad Zamjani irsyad.zamjani@kemdikbud.go.id <p>This research investigates the strategies implemented by higher education institutions in Indonesia to enhance the career sustainability of their graduates while exploring potential strengthening opportunities that need attention. The study is motivated by several significant changes, such as the expansion of a flexible job market and the uncertainty of the transition for graduates from the educational environment to the workforce. The research was conducted at eight universities in four cities from July to October 2021. The selection of these cities aimed to encompass the geographical diversity of Indonesia and represent the educational centers in each region. Data were collected through Focus Group Discussions (FGD) involving each university’s students, alumni, and career development unit managers. Three main findings emerged regarding the efforts made by the universities, including curriculum adjustments by adding entrepreneurship courses, establishing or developing career development units, and expanding networks of partners to benefit students and alumni. However, institutional capacity, human resource availability, networks, and local contexts also influenced the selection and dynamics of the applied strategies. Consequently, the achieved outcomes varied and could not be measured with uniform parameters. This research argues that policy interventions to enhance the career sustainability of university graduates should consider this complexity. Therefore, we recommend policymakers get involved in implementing independent learning and independent Campuses to understand the diverse initial conditions of universities.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/560 Identification of Terrorism Actions in Indonesia 2024-02-17T06:37:14+00:00 Achluddin Ibnu Rochim didin@untag-sby.ac.id Ute Chairuz Mochamad Nasution uthe@untag-sby.ac.id Eddy Wahyudi ediwahyudi@untag-sby.ac.id <p>The threat of terrorism in Indonesia is not a new phenomenon but has persisted since the early years of independence. Presently, perpetrators of terrorism come from various groups with diverse motives, encompassing ideology, politics, and security disturbances. This study aims to delineate the profile, characteristics, and motives of terrorism in Indonesia. Employing a descriptive research method with a qualitative approach, data collection involved non-participant observation. The findings reveal that from 2017 to 2022, there were 97 recorded instances of terrorism actions in Indonesia. Political motives predominantly drove these actions, constituting 88 cases. Moreover, the targets of terrorist actions exhibited minimal disparity between non-civilian and civilian objects, with 59 and 38 cases, respectively. The terrorism action networks are primarily associated with Jamaah Ansharut Daulah (69 cases), East Indonesia Mujahideen (10 cases), and Lone Wolf operatives (7 cases). The study’s findings highlight the role of political factors in terrorist activities in Indonesia, informing policymakers and law enforcement agencies about the need for targeted interventions to address underlying grievances and enhance social cohesion. Furthermore, identifying terrorist networks offers valuable intelligence for disrupting these groups, ultimately improving national security and public safety.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/558 Mapping and Analyzing E-Government Sentiments in Local Governments in Indonesia 2024-02-22T09:25:05+00:00 Joko Widodo jokowid@untag-sby.ac.id Kusnan Kusnan kusnan@untag-sby.ac.id <p>This study aims to comprehensively map and evaluate the quality of E-Government services in local governments throughout Indonesia, focusing on public perceptions. Employing a descriptive method and qualitative approach, data collection involves non-participant observation. Researchers observed the implementation of E-Government within provincial-level local governments participating in the 2021 Electronic-Based Government Systems evaluation through Google Play. Data analysis utilizes an interactive model to provide nuanced insights. The findings reveal that E-Government implementation in Indonesian provincial governments is primarily concentrated within the E-Service category, comprising 50% or 89 applications. The most advanced category is E-Information, encompassing 38% or 67 applications. However, the E-Participation category is notably underrepresented, with only 15% or 19 applications implemented by provincial governments in Indonesia. This study contributes to a deeper understanding of Indonesia’s current landscape of E-Government services. It underscores the importance of further developments, particularly in promoting citizen participation and engagement.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/369 Adoption of Persuasion Communication of Young Mothers in Multi-Level Marketing (MLM) Business Development 2024-03-10T04:13:52+00:00 Vina Mahdalena vinamahdalena@upnvj.ac.id Lusia Handayani lusiahandayani@upnvj.ac.id Uljanatunnisa Uljanatunnisa uljanatunnisa@upnvj.ac.id <p>Business competition has given birth to a network marketing system or what is commonly referred to as Network Marketing. The utilization used in Network Marketing, or what we currently know as MLM (Multi-Level Marketing), uses a network system where interpersonal communication is required both between MLM members and communication between members, customers, and prospective consultants. The interpersonal communication of consultants determines MLM business. How do they apply persuasive communication to persuade consumers or other consultants to join their network? This research uses a case study method. The results illustrate three important things young mothers do when running an MLM business to build the household economy. First, a trustworthy communicator will build credibility. Second, I need to understand how to convey messages in the MLM trading system; third, I need to choose communication channels that follow the objectives.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/452 Dayah Ulama’s Interpretation of Religious Moderation Narratives: Negotiable 2024-03-10T10:37:49+00:00 Iskandar Zulkarnaen iskandar.zulkarnaen@unimal.ac.id Muntasir Muntasir muntasir@unimal.ac.id Fauzi Fauzi fauzi@unimal.ac.id Bimby Hidayat bimbyh@unimal.ac.id <p>The rise of exclusive-formalistic religious interpretations is a series of facts that emphasize how the graph of the seeds of religious radicalism in Indonesia and Aceh, in particular, is increasingly undeniable. Referring to this phenomenon, this research aims to study the strengthening of political democracy and national identity based on local values and culture, which is the standard of political behavior in Aceh. This research method uses descriptive qualitative data from interviews, FGDs, questionnaires, and literature studies. The results obtained: First, the interpretation of Dayah Ulama towards the narrative of religious moderation looks dynamic and varied. On the one hand, in quantity, most Dayah Ulama do not question the narrative of religious moderation, including accepting its derivative concepts. On the other hand, it indicates a form of fragmentation in accepting the narrative of religious moderation. Second, the majority of Dayah Ulama show acceptance of the narrative of religious moderation with pre-conditions. The attitude shown must be based on existing Islamic Sharia and Acehnese customs regulations. Third, conservative and exclusive attitudes appear negotiable, meaning that these attitudes can fade if religious interests are not disturbed.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/567 Entrepreneurial Intention of Millennial Farmers in the Vegetable Production Center of Bangka Regency: Theory of Planned Behavior 2024-03-11T08:57:38+00:00 Rufti Puji Astuti ruftipuji24@gmail.com Tri Lestari trilestariubb3@gmail.com Aimie Sulaiman imeaulia08@gmail.com <p>Millennial farmers are part of the farmer regeneration acceleration program aimed at increasing the number of farmers and expanding the supply of entrepreneurs in the agricultural sector. This study was conducted to predict the behavior of millennial farmers through their intentions, based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), comprehensively integrating individual aspects with their environment. The purpose of the study is to analyze the factors that influence the entrepreneurial intentions of millennial farmers. The research method employed a survey method, with sampling carried out using a saturation sampling method involving 54 respondents. Data analysis was conducted using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis utilizing Smart Partial Least Squares (PLS) 3.0. The research findings revealed that 81.49% of millennial farmers have entrepreneurial intentions, specifically in agriculture. Entrepreneurial intention is significantly influenced by variables such as attitude toward the behavior, subjective norms, and perceived behavior control. The entrepreneurial intention of millennial farmers is predominantly influenced by attitude toward the behavior and subjective norms. For millennial farmers deciding to venture into entrepreneurship, relying solely on the importance of belief and self-evaluation is not enough; the motivation and desire to meet expectations also play a crucial role in enhancing intention.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/634 Socio-Economic Dynamics: Traditional Mining and Community Resilience in South Kalimantan 2024-03-17T11:40:08+00:00 Jumriani Jumriani jumriani@ulm.ac.id Rochgiyanti Rochgiyanti rochgiyanti@ulm.ac.id Blackson Kanukisya bkanukisya@udsm.ac.tz <p>Indonesia has abundant natural resources, including valuable diamonds, greatly impacting its mining industry, economy, and other environmental and societal sectors. This research, conducted in Sungai Tiung Village, Cempaka Sub-district, Banjarbaru City, South Kalimantan Province, Indonesia, explores how the use of natural resources, economic activities, and community resilience are interconnected by examining the enduring traditional mining practices in South Kalimantan, focusing specifically on diamond panning. Using qualitative research methods, this research collected comprehensive data through observations, interviews, and documentation involving key stakeholders such as miners, local communities, and government representatives. The analysis, which incorporates triangulation and expanded observations, reveals three key aspects of traditional mining patterns: the equipment used, the complexities of the work system, and how mining outcomes are shared. The findings highlight the resilience embedded in the traditional mining practices of diamond prospectors in South Kalimantan, showing how these practices influence work methods and reflect traditional community life, characterized by a cooperative and tolerant approach. As a result, this research deepens our understanding of diamond panning. It provides valuable insights into the relationship between traditional practices and the resilience of local communities on a broader scale.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/635 Fostering Character: Embracing Local Wisdom through Mamanda Theater Arts for Collaborative Learning 2024-03-17T11:40:08+00:00 Kaspul Kaspul kaspul@upi.edu Dasim Budimansyah budimansyah@upi.edu Chairil Faif Pasani chfaifp@ulm.ac.id Momod Abdul Somad somad100@upi.edu Garuzooka John Francis fgaruzooka@kyu.ac.ug <p>This research explores the integration of character education, specifically focusing on drawing inspiration from the abundant cultural wisdom embedded in Mamanda theater—an invaluable cultural asset in South Kalimantan. The central aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of utilizing Mamanda’s theater arts as a catalyst for collaborative character-building within the realm of education. The collaborative characters, symbolic of the harmonious dynamics inherent in the learning process, undergo evaluation through the implementation of a Likert scale. The research encompasses a cohort of 83 students, all actively engaged as respondents. The outcomes highlight the notably high effectiveness of incorporating Mamanda’s theater arts to facilitate the collaborative character-building endeavor. Beyond its immediate findings, this research contributes substantively to the ongoing academic dialogue surrounding character education. Moreover, it serves as a valuable resource for educators and lecturers, offering insights into the practical application of local wisdom, specifically through Mamanda theater, to instill character traits firmly rooted in cultural richness and educational excellence.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/632 Fostering Nationalism among University Students in Indonesia: A Communal Perspective 2024-04-02T11:36:52+00:00 Endang Purwaningsih endang.purwaningsih@fkip.untan.ac.id Blackson Kanukisya bkanukisya@udsm.ac.tz <p>This study’s primary aim is to investigate globalization’s impact on nationalism in Indonesia, specifically focusing on the youth population. The research seeks to understand how globalization influences nationalist sentiments, particularly in the context of the Indonesian educational system. The chosen methodology centers around implementing a Civic Education learning model, aiming to activate and enhance nationalism values among students. The research employs a structured approach, utilizing a test on nationalism knowledge administered before and after implementing the Civic Education learning model. This method allows for a comprehensive assessment of the potential impact of the learning model on students’ understanding of nationalism. The analysis involves measuring the mean score difference between pre-test and post-tests, employing statistical calculations such as mean difference, the standard deviation of the difference, the standard error of the mean difference, and calculated t-values. Additionally, behavioral-scale tests are conducted to evaluate the mean score difference in students’ nationalism behavior. Quantitative calculations and analyses are employed to substantiate the research hypothesis. The statistical findings indicate a significant influence of the Civic Education learning model on students’ knowledge of nationalism and behavior. The mean score differences before and after the model’s implementation and the calculated t-values provide robust evidence of the positive impact on students’ nationalist sentiments. The study extends its contribution to pedagogy by demonstrating the efficacy of alternative teaching methods, specifically in Civic Education. The findings suggest that implementing the Civic Education learning model enhances practical application and holds promise in strengthening Indonesia’s global influence. The research aligns with established concepts of nationalism, emphasizing the actualization of patriotism through the collective development of clear national goals and objectives. The study aims to contribute meaningful insights to the ongoing discourse on nationalism in Indonesia, particularly among the youth.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/660 Analysis of the Effectiveness of the One Pesantren One Product (OPOP) Program in Supporting the Economic Empowerment of Islamic Boarding Schools in Belitung Regency 2024-04-02T12:58:14+00:00 Putra Pratama Saputra putraps92@gmail.com Ryand Daddy Setyawan ryand.daddy@ubb.ac.id Muhammad Kurnia muhammadkurnia@ubb.ac.id <p>The One Pesantren One Product (OPOP) program aims to foster self-reliance within the community, including Islamic boarding schools, students, and the public. Its goal is to enable economic and social independence, enhancing skills, production technology, distribution, and marketing through innovative and strategic approaches. The program is designed to support Islamic boarding schools in achieving self-sufficiency and as a catalyst for tourism development in the region. Belitung Regency hosts several longstanding Islamic boarding schools, predating the establishment of the Bangka Belitung Islands Province. Through the OPOP Program, these institutions are envisioned to play a significant role in the region’s tourism development, contributing to economic growth. This research seeks to describe and analyze the effectiveness of the OPOP Program in supporting the economic empowerment of Islamic boarding schools in Belitung Regency. Conducted over a year, the research employs a descriptive qualitative method, utilizing purposive sampling techniques to select data sources, including Islamic boarding school administrators, teachers, and students. Data collection methods encompass interviews, observations, and documentary studies. The findings reveal that the Islamic boarding school cooperatives function as business units directly subordinate to the schools, akin to other commercial entities. Enhancement efforts are identified in marketing strategies, training initiatives, and internships. Media assistance and engagement with religious community organizations are essential for effective marketing. At the same time, collaboration with governmental and private sector entities is crucial for training and internship programs, ensuring alignment between participants’ business domains and their internship placements.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/631 Analysis of Community Social Capital Inclusiveness Towards Waste Pollution Prevention by Shrimp Farming Company: A Case Study of Waste Pollution in Pasir Kuning Beach Area 2024-04-04T05:01:12+00:00 Herdiyanti Herdiyanti herdiyanti@ubb.ac.id Reko Dwi Salfutra dwisalfutra@gmail.com Julia Julia saputrajulia07@gmail.com <p>Sewage pollution originating from the activities of shrimp farming companies in the Pasir Kuning Beach area raises serious concerns about its impact that damages the environment and disrupts the balance of the ecosystem. This research aims to understand and analyze the inclusiveness of social capital in local communities as an effort to prevent sewage pollution. Using a qualitative approach, this research conducted in-depth interviews with community members in the Pasir Kuning Beach Area. Respondents were selected based on criteria that ensured a balanced representation of various community groups, and secondary data was used to provide a broader context. The research findings highlight the central role of social capital in shaping relationships, trust, and cooperation among communities. The implications include developing more effective sewage pollution prevention strategies and providing a foundation for understanding community contributions to coastal ecosystem conservation. The focus on social capital inclusivity as a catalyst for positive change demonstrates the determination of local communities to overcome the negative impacts of shrimp farming activities. In the context of Bangka Belitung, which is affected by the mining sector, this research is significant in efforts to reduce environmental damage. It is hoped that these findings provide valuable insights for stakeholders in formulating sustainable solutions that support the ecology and well-being of local communities in the future.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/628 Dynamics of Language Interaction in Multicultural Urban Communities: Analysis of Socio-Cultural Linguistic Environment 2024-04-04T16:30:16+00:00 Christanto Syam christanto.syam@fkip.untan.ac.id Sesilia Seli sesilia.seli@fkip.untan.ac.id Wamaungo Juma Abdu jwamaungo@kyu.ac.ug <p>This research undertakes a thorough exploration of the intricate dynamics characterizing socio-cultural linguistic interactions within multicultural urban communities, with a specific emphasis on language usage patterns. Employing a qualitative methodology, the study meticulously examines data gathered through participatory observation and interviews conducted with individuals representing diverse cultural and linguistic backgrounds. The findings illuminate the central role played by identity, power dynamics, and stereotypes in shaping the formation and utilization of language within the complex tapestry of multicultural societies. Individuals navigate their language choices based on perceived power dynamics and societal expectations associated with their cultural identities, highlighting the profound interplay between socio-cultural factors and linguistic practices. Furthermore, the study underscores the influence of cultural blending and technological advancements on language usage, showcasing how interactions among diverse cultural groups contribute to the rich linguistic diversity observed in urban settings. By offering a comprehensive analysis, this research provides valuable insights into the nuanced ways in which socio-cultural contexts shape language interactions, thus contributing to a deeper understanding of intercultural communication dynamics and offering implications for promoting social cohesion within multicultural communities. Ultimately, this study underscores the significance of recognizing and appreciating the complexities inherent in language use within diverse urban environments, paving the way for more inclusive and effective communication strategies tailored to meet the needs of multicultural societies.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/594 Challenges and Opportunities in Developing Rural Tourism Villages: A Case Study of Ngargoretno Village, Indonesia 2024-04-08T04:49:15+00:00 Muryanti Muryanti muryanti@uin-suka.ac.id <p>The development of rural tourism villages has emerged as a significant alternative in transforming subsistence agriculture patterns in rural areas, often characterized by irregular income streams that barely sustain basic needs. The trend of rural tourism village development is observed in many subsistence farming communities, leveraging the unique potential of natural and cultural resources that can be tapped through village fund utilization. The initiation of rural tourism village development in Ngargoretno Village began with community-driven efforts and a communal spirit to realize the concept of such a village. The village authorities also provided support by allocating village funds and empowerment activities, including training sessions for the youth who play a pivotal role in driving rural tourism village development. This research aims to describe the collaborative efforts between the community and village authorities in realizing rural tourism villages and identify the success factors in rural tourism village development. This research adopts a qualitative approach, with data collection conducted through observations and interviews with key stakeholders from the community and village authorities involved in rural tourism village development. The theoretical foundation of this research lies in empowerment theory, emphasizing the involvement of various stakeholders, including village authorities, educational institutions, and community organizations in rural tourism village development. The findings reveal active community involvement in infrastructure development such as roads, enhancement of tourist attractions through cleaning and painting marble, and the establishment of public facilities such as toilets. Furthermore, partnerships with educational institutions like Universitas Gadjah Mada and the Magelang Tourism Office have enriched tourism packages by introducing additional attractions such as tea plantation tours and religious tourism and promoting local cuisine. The development of rural tourism villages is also expected to increase the income of Ngargoretno Village residents through a rise in tourist visits from outside the village and the creation of new employment opportunities for the younger generation. Optimism persists, fueled by the enthusiastic spirit of village authorities and the community in developing the concept of rural tourism villages.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/585 Innovative Behavior as a Mediating Impact of Work Ethic in Improving the Performance of Business Actors in South Minahasa Regency in the Era of Global Economic Recession 2024-05-17T11:38:27+00:00 Irvan Trang trang_irvan@yahoo.com Lucky Otto Herman Dotulong luckydotulong@unsrat.ac.id <p>Human resources are an essential and vital asset in an organization. An organization cannot function without human resources. Facing the continuous development of the times and the increasingly evident technological disruption, business competition and competition for human resources are becoming more intense, including for business actors. They are required to have a high work ethic, be adaptable, responsive to innovation, exhibit innovative behavior, and be open to technological changes. Business actors must also be aware of fundamental changes in generating new ideas and value. To achieve this, business actors need a high work ethic through innovative behavior to improve their performance in maintaining and developing their businesses. This phenomenon is relevant in the current era of global economic recession, where many business actors are experiencing bankruptcy, closure, or insolvency, including in various regions. This study aims to analyze and develop variables and instruments that can identify indicators influencing the performance improvement of business actors in the current global recession era. The research method includes observation, population identification, sample determination (business actor respondents), surveys, questionnaire distribution, and data collection through closed and open-ended questions to obtain accurate results. The data obtained are then processed and evaluated for seminars and publication. The results of the study indicate that a high work ethic has a positive and significant direct effect on the innovative behavior of business actors, a high work ethic positively and significantly affects business performance, innovative behavior positively and significantly affects business performance, and a high work ethic affects business performance mediated by innovative behavior. This research is expected to contribute positively to all stakeholders (academics, businesspeople, government) in enhancing competitiveness and business sustainability amid the challenges of the global economic recession.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##