Society 2021-03-08T14:41:28+00:00 Herdiyanti, S.Sos., M.Si. Open Journal Systems <p><img class="responsive" src="/public/site/images/society/Banner_Society1.jpg" alt="Banner" width="100%" height="auto"></p> <hr> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <p><img style="float: left; margin: 0 9px 3px 0;" src="/public/site/images/society/Cover_Society_FISIP_UBB.jpg" alt="cover society" width="155" height="213"><strong>Society</strong>, (abbreviated key-title: Society (Bangka. Online)), with registered number <a title="ISSN 2338-6932" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ISSN 2338-6932</strong></a> (Print) and <a title="ISSN 2597-4874" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ISSN 2597-4874</strong></a> (Online), is an open-access and peer-reviewed journal, published two times a year (June and December) by the Social Engineering Laboratory, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Bangka Belitung. Our main goal is to spread the latest and original articles from researchers and practitioners in Studies in Human Society.</p> <p>Society is intended to be the journal for publishing articles reporting the results of research on various topics include, but not limited to, Sociology, Policy and Administration, Political Science, Anthropology, Demography, Human Geography, Social Work, Criminology, and Other Studies in Human Society.<br><br>Society is accredited by the Ministry of Research and Technology / National Agency for Research and Innovation of the Republic of Indonesia, Decree No. 28/E/KPT/2019, rank 2 (Accredited B), valid until 2023. This journal provides immediate open access to its content, on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.</p> <p>In order to improve the quality of Society towards an internationally reputed journal, Society will publish every article in two languages ​​(English and Indonesian). Articles received in Indonesian will be translated into English, and vice versa.</p> </div> <hr> <div style="text-align: center;"><strong>Library Catalog</strong></div> <p>&nbsp;</p> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <p>Society (online version) is available in Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia (National Library of the Republic of Indonesia) through Indonesia oneSearch by PERPUSNAS. Print edition of this journal is also part of the ASEAN Collection at Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (National Library of Malaysia) in Kuala Lumpur - Malaysia and National Library of Australia catalog in Canberra - Australia.</p> <div style="text-align: center;"> <p><a title="Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia" href="[]=repoId:IOS6459" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img class="responsive" title="OneSearchID" src="/public/site/images/society/Indonesia_oneSearch_by_PERPUSNAS.jpg" alt="Perpusnas Logo" width="279" height="105"></a><a title="Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia" href=";fromLocationLink=false&amp;theme=PNM2" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Perpustakaan_Negara_Malaysia1.jpg" alt="PNM Logo" width="279" height="105"></a><a title="NLA Catalogue" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/NLA_Catalog1.png" alt="NLA Logo" width="279" height="105"></a></p> </div> <hr> <div style="text-align: center;"><strong>Indexed in: </strong></div> <br> <div style="text-align: center;"> <p><strong><a title="SINTA DIKTI" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/SINTA_4.jpg" width="120" height="45"></a> <a title="DOAJ" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/DOAJ.jpg" width="120" height="45"></a> <a title="ERIC" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/herdiyanti/ERIC_ED_GOV.jpg" width="120" height="45"></a> <a title="Google Scholar" href=";hl=id" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Google_Scholar.jpg" width="120" height="45"></a> <a title="Microsoft Academic Search" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Microsoft_Academic_Search.jpg" width="120" height="45"></a> <a title="Dimensions" href=";or_facet_open_access_status=gold" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Dimensions.jpg" width="120" height="45"></a><br></strong></p> <p><a title="More" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong><img src="/public/site/images/society/More1.png"></strong></a></p> <hr> <p><a title="Author Guidelines" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Author_Guidelines.jpg" width="250" height="100"></a> <a title="Article Template" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Article_Template.jpg" width="250" height="100"></a> <a title="Submit Your Paper" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Submit_Your_Paper.jpg" width="250" height="100"></a></p> <p><a title="Chat with us" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Chat_Whatsapp.jpg" width="250" height="150"></a></p> <hr> <div style="text-align: center;"><strong>Society joins Publons and ReviewerCredits</strong></div> <br> <div style="text-align: center;"> <p>We are pleased to inform you that <strong>Society</strong> has joined <strong><a title="Publons" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Publons</a></strong> and <a title="ReviewerCredits" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ReviewerCredits</strong></a>, the most comprehensive platform to certify, measure and reward the activity of scientists as <strong>Peer Reviewers</strong>.</p> <p><a title="Publons" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/blue_white.png" alt="Publons" width="250" height="150"></a> <a title="ReviewerCredits" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/ReviewerCredits.jpg" alt="ReviewerCredits" width="250" height="150"></a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div> <hr> <p><strong>Conference Information</strong></p> <p><a title="ICLEISR 2020" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img class="responsive" src="/public/site/images/herdiyanti/ICLEISR_2020.jpg" alt="ICLEISR 2020" width="100%" height="auto"></a></p> <hr></div> </div> <table width="100%"> <tbody> <tr bgcolor="#0065B3"> <td style="padding-top: 10px; padding-bottom: 10px; padding-left: 5px;" colspan="10" align="center"><strong><span style="color: white; font-family: Arial;">PARTNER</span></strong></td> </tr> <tr bgcolor="#F8F8FF"> <td style="padding-top: 5px;" colspan="5" align="center"><a title="AIBPM" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img class="responsive" style="width: 200px; height: 200px; border-radius: 50%;" src="/public/site/images/society/AIBPM.png" alt="AIBPM" width="200" height="200"></a><br><a title="AIBPM" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>AIBPM</strong></a><br><sub><strong>Association of International Business &amp; Professional Management</strong></sub></td> <td style="padding-top: 5px;" colspan="5" align="center"><a title="Kemenparekraf" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img class="responsive" style="width: 200px; height: 200px; border-radius: 50%;" src="/public/site/images/society/Kemenparekraf.png" alt="AIBPM" width="200" height="200"></a><br><a title="Kemenparekraf" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Kemenparekraf</strong></a><br><sub><strong>Ministry of Tourism and Economy Creative of Republic of Indonesia</strong></sub></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> The Ceremonial Procession and Meaning of Makan Patita in Negeri Oma - Maluku 2021-03-08T14:41:26+00:00 Jenny Koce Matitaputty Ida Masinay <p>Makan Patita is a tradition of communal feasting or eating together among Maluku communities that practiced in festivity the Panas Pela, Panas Gandong, King coronation, building Baileo house, the celebration of city`s anniversary day, and other events in Ambon city. However, for the people of Negeri Oma in Haruku Island, the tradition of Makan Patita differs from others. The differences are attracted to be discussed about the ceremonial procession and its meaning of the tradition of Makan Patita in Negeri Oma. This research aims to describe the ceremonial process and its meaning of the Makan Patita Soa practiced in Negeri Oma, Haruku Island District, Central Maluku Regency, Maluku Province, Indonesia. This is a qualitative research where the data source obtained purposively and the data collection techniques by using observation, interview, and documentation. The results showed that: 1) Makan Patita in Negeri Oma is divided into two types; first, the uncle feeds his nephew/child (Mara/Marei), and also the nephew/child feeds his uncle (ana kas makang om). There are three stages in the practice of Makan Patita tradition; the initial stage, a time-set meeting, and preparation of various things, both food and a long white table and the prayers of struggle in Baileo Kotayasa by the Bapa Lima-Lima. In the second stage, the Makan Patita begins with Cakelele dances and the ceremonial procession takes children to the Patita dining table, then the uncles feed their nephews. In the final stage, each remaining food must be brought back and eaten by all children at home, then covered with a Eucharistic prayer for the Soa and Maradansa. 2) The meaning of Makan Patita tradition for the people in Negeri Oma is kinship ties, respect, and appreciation for elders (uncles) and it contains the symbolic meaning of hope to the children in the Soa will become a good generation and remain in the fellowship of siblings.</p> 2020-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wali Nanggroe Institution: The Role, Function, and Strategy for Resolving Conflicts in Aceh after the Peace 2021-03-08T14:41:25+00:00 Zulham Ibrahim <p>Wali Nanggroe Institution is an institution of cultural authority as the unifier of the people that is independent, authoritative, and has the authority to develop and oversee the implementation of the life, adat (custom), language, the award of titles and honors, and adat rites. This research was conducted in Banda Aceh city using a qualitative method. The concept used was Wali Nanggroe, the theories of strategy, conflict resolution, and political communication theories to resolve local conflicts and analyze Wali Nanggroe neutrality in resolving conflicts in Aceh. The data were obtained by observation technique and interview (questionnaires and voice records). The results found that the Wali Nanggroe Institution does not implement a strategy in resolving conflicts both local conflicts and other conflicts in local institutions. Also, Wali Nanggroe does not hold political communication to resolve the conflicts. Besides, as a mediator, Wali Nanggroe is unfair to resolve the conflicts among local institutions due to some causes; emotional attachment between Wali Nanggroe and Members of Parliament at Aceh Provincial House of Representatives (DPRA) from Aceh Party Faction, tend to maintain the reign of Wali Nanggroe, and procedural problems in Wali Nanggroe election.</p> 2020-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## “Pemalang pusere Jawa“: A City Branding Model in Promoting Tourism Destination of Pemalang Regency, Central Java, Indonesia 2021-03-08T14:41:27+00:00 Riska Rahayu Achmad Nurmandi Salahudin Salahudin Dian Suluh Kusuma Dewi <p>This research aims to analyze the City Branding model “Pemalang pusere Jawa” in Pemalang Regency, which focuses on the strategy of the Government to develop a new brand of Pemalang. “Pemalang pusere Jawa” has shown an impact on increasing tourism in Pemalang, Central Java, Indonesia. The Government supports the success of the City Branding program, and the people involved in the program, stakeholders, and culture, to boost tourism, which will have an impact on the economic sector and increase tourism significantly. Data were analyzed using the Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA) approach in qualitative research that defines and explains distribution characteristics. The data were collected through interviews with six key informants who were selected using a purposive sampling technique. Document studies were also conducted to support data analysis. This research uses the NVivo 12 Plus application to analyze data consisting of Concept Maps, Group Analysis, and Cluster Analysis. There are three points found in this study, consisting of 1) Program; the program is based on Pemalang Regent Regulation Number 27/2017 Article 7 concerning Utilization and Implementation of the City Branding Logo. The branding “Pemalang pusere Jawa” was launched in 2016 and the Visit Pemalang application is used to assist tourists in exploring tourism in Pemalang or known as a tour guide application. A Visit Pemalang application makes users easier to find tourism sites in Pemalang Regency by displaying the distance from the users’ location to the destination. 2) Partnership; this program is supported by infrastructure stakeholders consisting of the Planalogy Team, the Architect Team, and the Economic Development Expert Team. Program implementation involves the Government and the Community. 3) Culture; various annual events are held as an effort to preserve culture in Pemalang such as “Festival Wong Gunung” and other annual events. Community involvement in the implementation of City Branding is one of the success factors of the program.</p> 2020-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Social Embeddedness of MSMEs Goyor Woven Sarong in Sambirembe Village, Kalijambe, Sragen 2021-03-08T14:41:22+00:00 Meita Arsita Ahmad Zuber Argyo Demartoto <p>Goyor woven sarong craft is one of the Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in Wonosari Hamlet, Sambirembe Village, Kalijambe Sub-District, Sragen Regency, Central Java Province, Indonesia. The woven sarong craft is a cultural heritage passed down from generation to generation. The woven sarong craft business has survived even though the industrial-scale businesses have spread widely. In economic practice, economic actions among business actors of the woven sarong craft are based on cultural values. This research aims to analyze (1) the embeddedness of cultural values in economic practices of Goyor woven sarong; (2) the relational embeddedness between middlemen, collectors, and craftswomen; (3) the economic strategy of the Goyor woven sarong business. This research was qualitative research with a case study approach. The research analysis used the concept of economic actors’ embeddedness in the social networks approach by Granovetter. Research data was collected through in-depth interviews and direct observation. Informants were selected using a purposive sampling technique. The result shows that: 1) there is the embeddedness of cultural values on the woven sarong craft business sustainability. Woven sarong craft is a cultural heritage and work ethic has become the main foundation for business sustainability; 2) the relational embeddedness was manifested through mutual trust between the collectors, middlemen, and craftswomen through a sense of “<em>ewuh pekewuh</em>” (feeling bad, embarrassment, feeling uncomfortable), and through mutual need between the collectors, middlemen, and craftswomen; 3) the economic strategy of the Goyor woven sarong business actors follows the flow of community culture.</p> 2020-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Primordialism and Voting Behavior of Malay Ethnic during the 2005-2015 Riau Islands Governor Election 2021-03-08T14:41:21+00:00 Kustiawan Kustiawan Rumzi Samin <p>This research aims to examine primordialism and voting behavior of Malay ethnic during the 2005-2015 Riau Islands governor election (Pemilihan Gubernur or Pilgub). The political phenomenon in Riau Islands seems to be different from other areas where other Malays dominate since non-Malay ethnic candidates won the governor election. This research used a qualitative method with a descriptive technique. The data were collected using in-depth interviews and direct observation. Informants were selected using a purposive sampling technique. The result found that people of Malay ethnic are open-minded. The candidates elected also can prove qualified personal and successfully leading the Malay ethnic people in moving ahead. Non-Malay ethnic won the Riau Islands (known as Kepri (Kepulauan Riau)) governor election determined by 1) The political identity of Malay ethnic people is open-minded, coexisting Islamic identity, speaking Malay language, practicing Malay culture, and committing to build and develop Malay ethnic people, so the candidates identified as part of Malay ethnic people and considered by the Malay ethnic people as a candidate for leader of the Malay people in a broadening sense; 2) the figure of candidates can socialize with people of Malay ethnic; 3) other minority ethnics and political parties supported the candidates. Native Malay candidates were failed due to the lack of contribution to the people of Malay ethnic in particular and the Riau Islands in general.</p> 2020-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Social Practice of Sahabat Kapas in Vulnerable Children and Children with Special Condition Assistance in Surakarta 2021-03-08T14:41:23+00:00 Nurul Istiqomah Bagus Haryono Argyo Demartoto <p>Vulnerable Children and Children with Special Condition (Anak-Anak dalam Kondisi Khusus dan Rentan or AKKR) are children who must receive assistance and motivation to achieve their rights. In practice in real life, they are temporarily forced to be in correctional institutions/detention centers/Institute for Special Development Children (LPKA) as a result of violating the law. It should not make them shunned, but instead, they must be assisted. Vulnerable Children and Children with Special Condition need enforcement of the fulfillment of their rights. The existence of Sahabat Kapas as a nonprofit non-governmental organization (NGO) located in Karanganyar, Central Java, Indonesia, provides concerns and solicitudes for Vulnerable Children and Children with Special Condition. This research aims to analyze and describe the forms of social practice based on habitus in Sahabat Kapas organization. This research used a qualitative research method with Bourdieu’s genetic structuralism approach. Informants were determined using purposive sampling techniques. Data collection was performed using participant observation techniques in the field, in-depth interviews, and documentation studies. Data were analyzed in three stages, including data reduction, data presentation, and ended with concluding. Data were verified by source triangulation. The results showed that Sahabat Kapas became an alternative to assist Vulnerable Children and Children with Special Condition conducted in correctional institutions/detention centers/Institute for Special Development Children (LPKA). The social practices conducted by Sahabat Kapas in assisting Vulnerable Children and Children with Special Condition are following the capital they have and the history of the habitus they conduct. Relational social capital is at stake by assistants with prison officers and how to build relationships with children. Economic capital refers to the efforts made by Sahabat Kapas to get funds to support assistance through entrepreneurship and opening donations. Cultural capital includes the whole intellectual/knowledge gained by assistance through training that is useful to assist children in correctional institutions/detention centers/Institute for Special Development Children (LPKA). Symbolic capital is manifested in the form of awards from the government for Sahabat Kapas and assistance awards for children in the form of gifts.</p> 2020-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Culture Shock, Adaptation, and Self-Concept of Tourism Human Resources in Welcoming the New Normal Era 2021-03-08T14:41:20+00:00 Diana Simanjuntak Rina Fitriana <p>As a business that relies on human mobility, the tourism sector has proven to be severely affected by the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. The paralysis of tourism both nationally and globally as a result of the lockdown policy in various countries and the Large-Scale Social Restriction (LSSR) policy in Indonesia affects the operations of tourism businesses. This has raised high anxiety for Tourism Human Resources about the future of the tourism business. This research discusses culture shock, adaptation, and self-concept of Tourism Human Resources in welcoming the new normal era from a communication perspective, both related to intercultural communication, interpersonal communication, and self-concept as part of communication psychology. This research used a qualitative research method with a case study approach. Data collection techniques were conducted through interviews, field observations, and document study through WhatsApp messages in several professional association groups, webinars, and mass media. The key informants in the research were 14 people as primary data and more than 200 members of the WhatsApp group “Housekeepers Jabar” as secondary data. The results of this research showed that Tourism Human Resources suffered from a culture shock and reached its lowest point in March to mid-April, but rose slowly from late April to June. There are three very stressful aspects of their life, consisting of cultural, social, and economic aspects. Cultural and social aspects are relatively easier to overcome, but the economic aspects are the most impactful because it concerns the sustainability of their life and their families. The period of awareness in the adaptation process is a period of struggle, creativity, and action so that many of them switch professions to run online businesses. This period is still ongoing and it is not known how long it will end. Positive self-concept plays an important role in a person’s success in adapting to survive because it helps a person to be resilient, patient, courageous, and creative in finding solutions in facing challenges thus opening up greater opportunities to successfully solve the problems.</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Relational Analysis of State Law and Folk Law in the Bongkoran Agrarian Conflicts, Banyuwangi Regency, East Java, Indonesia 2021-03-08T14:41:20+00:00 Umar Sholahudin Hotman Siahaan Herlambang Perdana Wiratraman <p>Apart from having a socio-economic dimension, agrarian conflicts in Bongkoran, Banyuwangi Regency, East Java Province, Indonesia, also have a legal dimension. There is a dualism of law that is conflictual in terms of land tenure and use claims. One party, the government, and corporations rely on legalistic-positivistic state laws, while local people rely on folk law, namely informal laws that have existed, lived, and developed in communal society for generations. This research focuses on how the sociological perspective of law analyzes the legal conflicts that occur in Bongkoran agrarian conflict, particularly between state law and folk law. This research used a qualitative method with a legal sociology perspective. The research subjects were farmers/people of Bongkoran, Community Legal Advisors (CLA), Government (Local Government, National Land Agency, and Police), and corporate elements (PT Wongsorejo). Informants were selected using a purposive sampling technique, based on certain considerations that can be recognized beforehand, namely recognizing and understanding the problem under this research. Data collection was conducted through observation, in-depth interviews, and documentation. The collected data were analyzed qualitatively by referring to the perspectives that have been presented. The results indicated that the resolution of agrarian conflicts in Bongkoran requires the implementation of laws that are more just for local communities. The implementation of the laws is not only based on rigid articles in the law, but it needs attention to the socio-cultural and historical context of the community. The dominance of state law over folk law in agrarian conflicts results in the practice of subjugation of state law to folk law, both persuasively and repressively. Therefore, to minimize the tension and conflict between state law and folk law in agrarian conflicts, it is necessary to have a new understanding of the relationship between the two laws. The existence and enforcement of folk law are used as a complementary element in normative aspects that have not been regulated in state law.</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Implementation of Management for Work-Family Conflict, Family-Work Conflict, and Job Stress that Affect Employee Satisfaction of PT Langgang Buana Perkasa 2021-03-08T14:41:18+00:00 Nurlaila Nurlaila <p>This research aims to analyze the management of work-family conflict, family-work conflict, job stress, and its implementation that affect employee satisfaction of PT Langgang Buana Perkasa. Work and family are two important spheres in an adult’s social life. The need will not be met if unemployed. Today, a profession is also a mirror of self-actualization. Without family, individuals will feel alone and there is no place to give love. PT Langgang Buana Perkasa is a company engaged in ground handling services and transportation services on several airlines, which is located at Sultan Babullah airport, Ternate, North Maluku Province, Indonesia. This research used a qualitative descriptive method. Data were obtained through in-depth interviews and questionnaires. Literature and documentation studies are carried out to collect secondary data related to the object of research, including employees of PT Langgang Buana Perkasa, flight schedules, and PT Langgang Buana Perkasa. The data sources were selected using a purposive sampling technique. The results showed that (1) There are three characteristics of work-family conflict. Based on these three characteristics, it indicates that most employees experience conflict in work-family, but it does not affect job satisfaction; (2) There are five characteristics of family-work conflicts but employees still apply professionalism. This indicates that there is no direct conflict but it can trigger stress due to family demands on religious holidays and public holidays; (3) Physical exhaustion can lead to conflict when faced with family demands regarding that role.</p> 2020-10-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Democracy and Customary Power: Potential Exclusion of Village Fund Access for East Timorese Ex-Refugees 2021-03-08T14:41:17+00:00 Ali Maksum Wida Ayu Puspitosari Juwita Hayyuning Prastiwi <p>This research aims to reveal the relations between democracy and customary power in handling the East Timorese ex-refugees in Belu Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia, related to democratic practices More specifically, democracy is limited to the context of potential exclusion access of the Village Fund for new residents. This research used a qualitative and case studies approach to reveal democratic practices related to the implementation of Village Funds that are intertwined with the local culture. The subjects in this research were new residents in Fatuba’a Village which is geographically close to the cross-border between Indonesia and East Timor. Nearly half of Fatuba’a’s populations are new residents who are East Timorese ex-refugees. A large number of new residents have become a complex social problem for Fatuba’a Village. The data collection techniques consist of observation, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions. The results showed that customary institutions play a significant role in distributing power both in aspects of government and village development, including the distribution of village funds-use. The Liudasik tribe is a successful dominant tribe obtaining legitimacy of the new residents by granting customary land as a place to live and farming for their contribution to elect the village head from the Liudasik tribe. In the context of the Village Fund, its use also shows the interdependence between new residents and the Liudasik tribe. Consequently, the new residents have an access to village funds. There is no exclusion of new residents for the Fatuba’a’s Village Fund-use. The dependence of new residents on customary institutions has perpetuated the customary power of the Liudasik tribe.</p> 2020-11-11T07:30:47+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Political Orientation of Extra-Campus Student Organizations in the 2019 Presidential Election 2021-03-08T14:41:16+00:00 Fathullah Syahrul Caroline Paskarina R Widya Setiabudi Sumadinata <p>This research aims to analyze extra-campus student organizations' political orientation in the 2019 presidential election in Makassar city using the qualitative descriptive research methods approach. Data collection methods use in-depth interviews and literature studies. Informants selection using purposive sampling techniques. This research indicates that internal factors relate to the extra-campus student organization's internal conditions in the 2019 presidential election in Makassar city. These internal conditions include encouraging their cadres to mature politically and democratically, maintaining the neutrality and idealism of cadres, and keeping the nation and state integrity. Besides, they supervise the government by conducting dialogue and discussion. At the same time, they imply that the 2019 presidential election's political agenda is a learning arena and rejects practical politics and oversees the candidate's vision and mission and every government policy by conducting studies. External factors are related to the influence from outside the extra-campus student organization, namely the alumni organization. The eight extra-campus student organizations consisting of HMI, PMKRI, GMKI, GMNI, PMII, IMM, KAMMI, and GEMA Pembebasan stated no intervention to select one candidate pair in the 2019 presidential election in Makassar city based on alumni's organizational instructions. There are three political orientations in the extra-campus student organizations in Makassar city: first, cognitive political orientation, second, affective political orientation, and third, evaluative political orientation.</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Local Economy and Rural Development in Berambai Hamlet, East Kalimantan 2021-03-08T14:41:15+00:00 Arman Arman Asep Saefuddin <p>The role of the local economy gets eroded due to the inclusion of capitalization in rural areas. This research examines the coal mining industry's influence on the local economy's existence in Berambai Hamlet, Bukit Pariaman Village, Tenggarong Seberang Sub-district, Kutai Kartanegara Regency, East Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. This research uses qualitative research methods; meanwhile, data collection methods use field observation and in-depth interviews. Interviews were conducted in stages through a snowball sampling to strengthen the observations' results. The results show that the local economy and livelihood in Berambai Hamlet are under pressure and eroded due to coal mining activities. Livelihood products shrank drastically, especially fish and rice, due to mining waste polluting rivers and agricultural land conversion to mining areas. Furthermore, other sources of income from farmworkers are not enough to fulfill the needs. The government needs to protect their livelihoods as a driving force for the local economy by integrating nature-based life. The government needs to develop local economic potentials, such as tourism areas, crafts, and artworks. The government also needs to strengthen village institutions. It must be carried out together with mining companies seriously. Furthermore, the government needs to maintain the unity of rural spatial and spatial planning.</p> 2020-12-10T04:45:43+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Empowerment Model for the Poor Communities in Urban Areas: A Study on Low-Income Households in Makassar 2021-03-08T14:41:14+00:00 Muhammad Faisal <p>Efforts to empower the poor communities in urban areas are still very urgent at this time. Although the number of poor communities in urban areas is decreasing, the rate is not significant. Empowerment needs to place poor urban as the main actors and the government as facilitators and motivators. This research aims to provide a scientific description of the causes of poverty and the empowerment model for the poor urban in Makassar city, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The research method used is qualitative with a narrative strategy. The research participantss were as many as five low-income households in an urban area. The data collection technique used in-depth interviews with participants. Field observations were also made related to participants' social life and literature studies to strengthen the interview and observation data. Data analysis takes three ways: data reduction, data display, and verification/conclusion drawing. The result showed three factors that cause urban poverty: natural, cultural, and structural. The empowerment model was implemented by understanding the problems encountered, developing problem-solving strategies, understanding the importance of making planned changes, and strengthening the urban poor's capacity.</p> 2020-12-16T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Winning of Empty Box in the 2018 Makassar Regional Head Election 2021-03-08T14:41:13+00:00 Harianto Harianto Wawan Budi Darmawan Muradi Muradi <p>This research discusses how the empty box won in the 2018 Makassar Regional Head Election. This phenomenon became the elections’ history where a single candidate failed to win the election. Ten political parties consisting of Functional Groups Party (Golkar), National Democratic Party (NasDem), Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P), United Development Party (PPP), Crescent Star Party (PBB), Great Indonesia Movement Party (Gerindra), Prosperous Justice Party (PKS), People’s Conscience Party (Hanura), National Mandate Party (PAN), and Indonesian Justice and Unity Party (PKPI), promoted a single candidate pair. This study aims to describe how the movement of empty box volunteers in the Makassar Regional Head Election. This research uses a qualitative method. Selection of informants using a snowball sampling technique, and using social movement theory. There are three parts to this theory: 1) Complaint theory. Public disappointment over a candidate pair’s disqualification and consider the election organizer unfair; 2) Mobilizing structures theory. Analyze the voluntary movement of empty boxes to gather mass support and sympathizers during the election; and 3) Framing theory. Analyze the use of issues and methods of spreading the issue. This research found that the empty box phenomenon in Makassar Regional Head Election, unlike in the elections in other areas where the single candidate did not have an opponent, in Makassar, one of the candidate pairs was disqualified due to violation. It made the community, supporters, and the success team feels disappointed with the General Elections Commission’s decision. This disappointment also resulted in the emergence of the empty box volunteer movement. Movements of empty box volunteers to gather mass support and sympathizers through door-to-door socializing, leaflets, flyers, and banners call to action to win empty box and use social media and online media as campaign tools.</p> 2020-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Analysis of Students' Internet Utilization to Improve Public Information Literacy in the Industrial Revolution Era 4.0 2021-03-08T14:41:11+00:00 Sri Nurhayati Safuri Musa <p>This research aims to determine the level of information literacy, internet utilization as a source of information literacy, and internet utilization to increase student reading interest at Institut Keguruan dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Siliwangi (IKIP Siliwangi). This research uses qualitatif descriptive method. Data were collected using questionnaires, interviews, and documentation studies. Selection of research subjects using the snowball sampling technique. This research's subjects consisted of 23 students related to literacy, 16 students related to information literacy, 18 students related to the results of internet utilization in increasing students' reading interest, and 1 lecturer of Community Education at IKIP Siliwangi. The results showed that students 'understanding of information seeking and information selection was still low compared to students' understanding of information dissemination. Students are still not optimal in using information literacy. Only a few students understand information literacy, how to use information literacy, and select information. Students understand the use of the internet and use it only for social media activities, but low in utilizing the internet as a learning source. Also, the results of the study indicated that students' reading interest was low. Students choose to use the internet instead of reading books. Students do not feel the need to come to the library to find books that match what they need to learn. Therefore, students have to understand the concept of information literacy and take advantage of various applications that support learning.</p> 2020-12-28T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Poverty Reduction in Regencies/Municipalities in South Sumatra Province 2021-03-08T14:41:08+00:00 Siti Rohima Liliana Liliana Aning Kesuma Putri <p>Local Government expenditure is budgeting for all government needs and activities and managed under the authority of provinces, regencies, and municipalities through their respective regional heads. Well-targeted Local Government expenditure optimization has a significant impact on the regional economy. This research aims to determine poverty reduction in regencies/municipalities in South Sumatra Province, Indonesia, by examining the variable’s impact of social assistance expenditure, capital expenditure, and local revenue on poverty. The data used are primary and secondary data obtained from 15 regencies/municipalities in South Sumatra Province during the 2010-2018 periods. The analysis technique uses in this research were Poverty Mapping with Klassen Typology and Multiple Linear Regression (MLR). Using the Klassen typology for poverty mapping in South Sumatra Province obtained four regional classifications (quadrant) based on poverty and economic growth: quadrant I (developed and fast-growing region), quadrant II (developed but depressed region), quadrant III (developing region), and quadrant IV (less developed region). The Klassen typology classification results: quadrant I include Palembang City, quadrant II includes Musi Banyuasin Regency, Muara Enim Regency, Ogan Komering Ilir Regency, and Banyuasin Regency. Quadrant III includes Ogan Komering Ulu Regency, Prabumulih City, and Lubuk Linggau City. Also, quadrant IV includes Lahat Regency, Musi Rawas Regency, Ogan Ilir Regency, Ogan Komering Ulu Timur Regency, Ogan Komering Ulu Selatan Regency, Empat Lawang Regency, and Pagar Alam City. The t-test regression results showed that Social assistance expenditure and local revenue affect poverty reduction, while capital expenditure does not significantly affect poverty reduction. The F-test regression results showed that poverty reduction was affected simultaneously by social assistance expenditure, capital expenditure, and local revenue. Policies in social assistance expenditure and capital expenditure were not well-targeted. The policies expected to reduce poverty are to provide well-targeted social assistance expenditure and capital expenditure.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Construction of Character Education in Mandailing and Angkola Culture in North Sumatra Province 2021-03-08T14:41:09+00:00 Rahmat Hidayat <p>This research aims to describe the construction and character education model in Mandailing and Angkola tribes in North Sumatra Province. This research uses a qualitative method with a case study approach, a research method on individuals, groups, organizations, and specific institutions. Instruments or data collection tools used in this research are (1) observation; (2) in-depth interview; (3) document study. This research uses a method known as ethnography or participant observation. The result shows that Mandailing and Angkola tribes’ characters building through 1) Socialization, 2) Enculturation, and 3) Internalization. Socialization including education, clarification, and motivation. Meanwhile, enculturation including imitation, habituation, and evaluation. Construction of education in Mandailing and Angkola tribes through habits, traditions, culture, and Islamic values. Character building in children is an effort to encourage self-awareness and concern for tradition, culture, and preserve local wisdom to sustain from generation to generation. Also, several efforts to preserve culture have been made by collaborating with schools, traditional and religious leaders to combine local wisdom and culture into schools’ curriculum and extracurricular activities.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Women’s Participation in Tourism Activities: A Case Study of Baduy Tribe 2021-03-08T14:41:07+00:00 Rina Fitriana Dadan Sujana Dino Gustaf Leonandri <p>This research aims to analyze women’s participation in tourism activities in the Outer Baduy tribe, according to the tourism components consisting of attraction, amenity, accessibility, and ancillary (supporting factors). This research uses a qualitative research method, in which data collected through interviews, observations, and documentation. This research involved 18 informants from several stakeholders, such as the tourism awareness group, handicraft producers, homestay and restaurant owners, government officers, and tourists who have visited the destination. Informants’ selection uses a purposive sampling technique. According to the tourism components, the research results show women’s participation in tourism activities in the Outer Baduy tribe, only two of four tourism components: attraction and amenity. In the attraction component, women possess more or less the same level of participation as men. However, in the amenity component, women may have a higher level of participation than men may. In the accessibility and ancillary (supporting factors) components, only men participation existed. The limited level of women’s participation is rooted deep and taken for granted in their culture. The women themselves do not dispute inequality and disparity because they consider their role as women in the domestic sector and not in the public sector.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Managerial Performance at Universitas Negeri Manado in Terms of Internal Control System Implementation and Organizational Commitment 2021-03-08T14:41:02+00:00 Cecilia Lelly Kewo <p>This research examines the internal control system implementation and organizational commitment effects on managerial performance at Universitas Negeri Manado empirically. This research uses the descriptive quantitative method, while the analysis method uses descriptive analysis. This research uses primary data by collecting research instruments in questionnaires, observation, and interviews. The target population is the management and staff of Universitas Negeri Manado. The sampling method using simple random sampling and the number of questionnaires that meet the processed requirements is 75 questionnaires. This research uses IBM SPSS Statistics software to test the collected data. Hypothesis testing uses the path analysis method. This research shows that internal control system implementation has a significant positive effect on managerial performance. Likewise, organizational commitment partially has a positive effect on managerial performance. Overall, internal control system implementation and organizational commitment positively and significantly affect managerial performance at Universitas Negeri Manado.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Towards Smart Village: A Case Study of Genteng Village Development in Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia 2021-03-08T14:41:02+00:00 Sri Fatimah Mochamad Gunardi Judawinata Mochamad Nursiyam Barkah Lucyana Trimo Yosini Deliana <p>This research aims to identify the prospects and challenges for implementing smart villages using a case study of Genteng Village in West Java, Indonesia, according to the sustainable development perspective and the enabler factors of socio-economic factors, village’s technology, and environmental aspects. This research uses a qualitative approach to assess the potencies and challenges from social, economic, environmental, and infrastructure perspectives. This research conducts a field survey with in-depth interviews and observation in Genteng Village, Sukasari Sub-district, Sumedang Regency, West Java Province to tap the information needed. Interviews with stakeholders were conducted with informants representing the rural stakeholders consisted of village official government, village local champion/leader, and farmer group representatives. Researcher involvement in nearly two years in regular visits and observations before this research has enriched and validated the information obtained. This research found prospective local social capital components and economic potencies to develop using the smart village framework. Environment and infrastructure are relatively still the challenges to be overcome towards the smart village. This research concludes that Genteng Village is on the right track, though early-stage to develop as a smart village. External factors, mainly information and communication technology, will be one of the main driving factors for optimism in implementing a smart village in Genteng Village.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Interpretation of Family Members’ Involvement in Religious Groups 2021-03-08T14:41:10+00:00 Kurniati Abidin <p>Family reactions and assessments of all family members towards family members belonging to specific religious groups still occur. This interpretation can trigger disharmony in the family and is an interesting social phenomenon to research. This research uses a qualitative research method. This research assumes that empirical realities occur in a socio-cultural context that is interrelated with one another. This research aims to describe family reactions, family social relationships, and family assessments on their family members’ involvement in specific religious groups. The informants were selected using a purposive sampling technique by taking three people from each religious group (Jamaah Tabligh, Wahdah Islamiyah, and Lembaga Dakwah Islam Indonesia known as LDII). Data were collected using in-depth interviews, observation, and documentation. The data analysis used in this research is descriptive qualitative. The results showed that family social relations on family members’ involvement in certain religious groups tended to get the same reaction based on their interpretation. Contravention interpretation from dominant family on family members belonging to specific religious groups still occurs compared with accommodative relationships. Meanwhile, family assessments on their family members’ involvement in certain religious groups are generally negative.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Portrait of Maulana's Life: A Wealthy, Independent, and Outstanding Student 2021-03-08T14:41:04+00:00 Nafa Izah Nanang Martono Mintarti Mintarti <p>This study aims to describe a wealthy student’s habitus who does not get enough attention from parents but can make school achievements. Parents’ role is vital in children’s learning development process and becomes an encouragement to increase children’s enthusiasm for learning. In this case, wealthy students with achievements are often seen as something normal. However, upper-class students who do not get enough attention from their parents because of being busy at work but can make achievements are exciting things to study, especially to observe the habitus that shapes them. This study uses a qualitative method with a life history approach. This study’s single informant is Maulana, a high school student in Cilacap city, Central Java Province, Indonesia. Selection of informant using a purposive sampling technique. The study results indicate that a separate living house forms the habitus of Maulana as an independent student. Independent, in this case, means that he has the initiative to learn without coercion. The achievements he made were a form of strategy to attract the attention of his parents. The achievements that are always compared to his older siblings have boosted Maulana’s enthusiasm to improve his achievements. In this case, the study results stated that the habitus is formed from the capital (social, economic, cultural, and symbolic) of the individual. Parents’ busyness is not a problem in getting their performance at school.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Role of Alternative Education in Tackling Students Dropout 2021-03-08T14:41:10+00:00 Afif Muchlisin Ahmad Zuber Bagus Haryono <p>The dropout rate is still relatively high in Surakarta. Many children cannot get an education from elementary to high school levels in Surakarta. The causative factors are economic that force children to work for daily needs and social environment that does not support learning activities. Alternatives education is one way to make economically disadvantaged people can get the education services needed. This study’s problem formulation is how alternative education reduces student dropout rates. This study aims to analyze and evaluate the alternative education programs to find effective methods to reduce student dropout rates at the Community Learning Center of Rumah Pelangi Sangkrah in Surakarta, Central Java Province, Indonesia. The theory used is Paulo Freire’s Conscientization Theory. The method used is Daniel Stufflebeam’s CIPP (Context, Input, Process, and Product) evaluation model with a qualitative research approach and conducting in-depth interviews with several informants and secondary data sources from related institutions. This evaluation study, one of which, in the context of Rumah Pelangi Sangkrah, it becomes one of the agencies that tackle students’ dropout due to the critical awareness of education actors and increased awareness of dropping out students. The strategy is to realize the importance of education with a personal approach to students’ dropout and parents. In terms of input, tutors’ availability is sufficient, but it is necessary to improve tutors’ welfare because the daily operational costs are already quite good. The learning process and the learning hour curriculum applied are very suited to the students’ condition. There are even alternative methods in online learning for students if they cannot attend class. In terms of output, through the ongoing program, Rumah Pelangi Sangkrah has been able to graduate the students through Package C Study Group of Equivalency Education Program to entrance several state universities using certificate equivalency.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Campaign Strategy of 2019 Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections on Social Media 2021-03-08T14:41:28+00:00 Khalida Ulfa Eko Priyo Purnomo Aulia Nur Kasiwi <p>Social media has changed the ways of the political campaign to win their candidates. The media has been prepared for disseminating vision and mission of political candidates since social media has been a promising strategy campaign. This study aims to analyze the campaign strategy of the 2019 Presidential and Vice-Presidential elections on Social Media. The method used was descriptive qualitative. The Data sources were obtained through the winning team accounts of Jokowi and Prabowo on Twitter. Data analysis techniques used Nvivo 12 plus through the crosstab feature. The results of the study found that the two winning team accounts on Twitter @BK52bersamaJKW and @PrabowoSandi_ID were very enthusiastic during the campaign. However, in the consistency level of Twitter account @BK52bersama JKW from February to April was not stable during the campaign process. Meanwhile, the Twitter account @PrabowoSandi_ID Twitter from November to December was inactive and it increased in January. Between the two winning teams; the Prabowo team was more enthusiastic in disseminating the candidate by using the hashtag where the percentage level is higher than the winning team of Jokowi.</p> 2020-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Advocacy of Facebook Public Group “Info Cegatan Jogja“ to Prevent Gangsterism Action “Klitih“ in Yogyakarta, Indonesia 2021-03-08T14:41:24+00:00 Surwandono Surwandono Diana Mutiara Bahari <p>“Info Cegatan Jogja” is a popular public group on Facebook in informing social issues around Yogyakarta city, Indonesia. The information of netizens who get the most comments and responses is the gangsterism action known as “Klitih” in Yogyakarta. The term Klitih has been a street violence phenomenon that deeply disturbs the life of social, economic, education, and tourism in Yogyakarta. This study describes the role of the Facebook group “Info Cegatan Jogja” in advocating for the prevention of Klitih gangsterism in Yogyakarta. The analytical technique used was the mix method approach in the form of discourse analysis to capture the news dynamics and netizen responses to the phenomenon. The results of this study found that Facebook public group “Info Cegatan Jogja” can mobilize civilian awareness to participate and communicate intensively to encourage law enforcement officials to take firm action against their actions. The Facebook group “Info Cegatan Jogja” has become an important channel for community solidarity education in facing street violence “Klitih” in Yogyakarta.</p> 2020-08-24T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Analysis of Macroeconomic Indicators on the Farmer Exchange Rate of North Maluku Province: A Case Study of Smallholder Plantation Subsector 2021-03-08T14:41:19+00:00 Prince Charles Heston Runtunuwu <p>This study aims to determine the effect of production, land area, and labor on the Farmer Exchange Rate of the smallholder plantation crops subsector individually or partially and the effect of production, land area, and labor simultaneously on the Farmer Exchange Rate in North Maluku Province in 2014 -2018. The object of this study was the farmers of North Maluku Province because the agricultural sector plays an important role and contributes greatly to the economy in North Maluku Province. This study was conducted in January-May 2020. The data collected and processed in this study are data within 5 years. The population in this study was all data on the Farmer Exchange Rate, agricultural production, agricultural land area, and labor in North Maluku Province in 2014-2018. The data used in this study were secondary data obtained from the Central Agency on Statistics of North Maluku Province in 2020 and other literature related to this study. The test tool used is multiple linear regression analysis, and the analytical tool used was IBM SPSS Statistics 16.0 software. The results showed that partially production did not affect the Farmer Exchange Rate of smallholder plantation crops in North Maluku province. Partially, land areas affect the Farmer Exchange Rate of smallholder plantation crops in North Maluku province. Individually or partially, the labor did not affect the Farmer Exchange Rate of smallholder plantation crops in North Maluku province. Simultaneously or overall, production, land area, and labor affect the Farmer Exchange Rate of smallholder plantation crops in North Maluku province, it can be said that it will affect the farmer welfare.</p> 2020-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Conflict Analysis of PT Emas Mineral Murni in Nagan Raya and Central Aceh Regency 2021-03-08T14:41:14+00:00 Dharma Kelana Putra Wahyu Wiji Astuti Muhammad Hafidz Assalam <p>This research describes how the mining conflicts in Nagan Raya and Central Aceh Regency between the local community and PT Emas Mineral Murni (PT EMM). This research uses a descriptive qualitative method with a literature study as a data collection technique by searching literature through online news pages on the internet using the search keyword “Aceh Conflict PT EMM”. Content analysis uses Occam’s razor logical principle to read and interpret data to explain a complete picture of the conflict situation without involving unnecessary assumptions. This research found many stakeholders involved in the conflict aside from the local community and PT EMM. Besides, the conflict is focused not only on competition to seize natural resources but also on overlapping legal authority. Low interaction between stakeholders causes conflict to grow and develop. The conflict’s final result is a resolution in the form of a petition signed by the Acting Governor. He stated that he would sue PT EMM with a guarantee of resigning from the position if he cannot realize Acehnese students’ aspirations.</p> 2020-12-18T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## West Jakarta Government’s Paradiplomacy towards Global Public in Kalideres Refugee Issues 2021-03-08T14:41:12+00:00 Ignatius Hubert Windy Dermawan <p>This research analyzes international refugees’ presence in Indonesia, which gives local challenges for the Indonesian subnational Government as a transit location. This research uses a paradiplomacy perspective to analyze the West Jakarta Government’s response to the foreign refugees in its territory. West Jakarta is one of the Administrative Cities in the Special Capital Region of Jakarta. This research uses a qualitative research method. The research data sources were collected and analyzed from literature studies, current news, and socio-political theories. This research found that West Jakarta Government’s paradiplomacy occurs due to differences in regulations applies. Moreover, this process can be parallel alongside the Central Government (Indonesian Government) in handling refugees in their territory following a local-regional wisdom approach. The West Jakarta Government’s paradiplomacy carried out by coordinating the distribution of aid to refugees, working with stakeholders in handling international and national refugee issues, and managing refugee handling policies in transit locations where refugees live, especially in Kalideres, West Jakarta, Indonesia. These handling efforts aim to prevent horizontal conflicts between refugees and local people and achieve subnational interests in the form of support materially, financially, and politically.</p> 2020-12-28T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Analysis of Macroeconomic Indicators and It's Effect on Human Development Index (HDI) 2021-03-08T14:41:03+00:00 Prince Charles Heston Runtunuwu <p>This research aims to determine the effect of inflation, per capita income. The method used is a quantitative method with a descriptive approach. The data analysis technique uses multiple linear regression models, which are continued by the classical assumption test. This research uses secondary data, precisely ten years of time-series data from 2010-2019 obtained from the Central Bureau of Statistics, books, literature, the internet, records, and other sources related. The research sample consisted of 40 data taken per quarter, from 2010-2019. The analytical method used in this research is multiple linear regressions. The results showed that inflation had a negative and insignificant effect on Human Development Index (HDI). In contrast, per capita income and unemployment had a negative and significant effect on Human Development Index (HDI). Inflation, per capita income, and unemployment significantly affected the Human Development Index (HDI) in Ternate City. The independent variable’s determination (R Square) on the dependent variable is 0.836 or 83.6%. It means inflation, per capita income, and unemployment can affect the Human Development Index (HDI) in Ternate City at 83.6%, remaining 16.4% by other factors.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Digital Signature Implementation as a New Smart Governance Model 2021-03-08T14:41:07+00:00 Nursani Budiarti Yahya Pandega Putra Achmad Nurmandi <p>With the times, nothing is impossible with internet technology. One of the advantages of the internet is that it allows for developing it to support creativity and openness to the public, especially ICT-based governance or smart governance, by implementing digital signature, both in public services implementation and in correspondence and other documents. Most of the previous digital signature studies were limited to technical research on digital signature' patterns and design. This study aims to describe digital signature implementation as a new smart governance model. This study uses a qualitative research method and data sources consisting of reference data from various previous studies and data sourced from national online media news. Based on the analysis results using NVivo 12 Plus software, digital signature implementation is needed to anticipate cybercrime threats in effective, efficient, and accountable public services implementation as a new smart governance model.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Symbolic Violence in Children’s Stories: Content Analysis in Bobo Magazine 2021-03-08T14:41:05+00:00 Rahma Isnania Nanang Martono Tri Rini Widyastuti <p>The upper-class dominates various social spaces in society, including children’s stories. Children’s stories as a means of socializing values also participate in socializing upper-class habitus in the storyline. This study aims to describe the children’s habitus as narrated in short stories published in Bobo magazine. The method used in this study is the quantitative content analysis method and critical discourse analysis. This study’s object is about 174 short stories published in Bobo magazine from January 2019 to August 2020, of which 110 stories were taken randomly as samples. The results show that most of the children’s habitus narrated in the stories were upper-class children’s habitus, reaching out to 87 or 79.1% of all stories. Meanwhile, lower-class children’s habitus was found in 30.9% of all stories. The habitus of upper-class children featured in the story consisting of go on an excursion, luxury living, own electronic goods, own expensive good, wearing nightgowns, reading, and writing. On the other side, the habitus of lower-class children habitus featured in the story consisting of playing traditional games, living in poverty, and doing lower-class work. In conclusion, the upper-class children’s habitus appears more dominantly within short stories in Bobo magazine. This study’s results are expected as recommend to parties related to children’s stories publication to present more balanced stories.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##