https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/issue/feed Society 2021-07-23T03:41:17+00:00 Herdiyanti, S.Sos., M.Si. editor@society.fisip.ubb.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p><img class="responsive" src="/public/site/images/society/Banner_Society1.jpg" alt="Banner" width="100%" height="auto"></p> <hr> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <p><img style="float: left; margin: 0 9px 3px 0;" src="/public/site/images/society/Cover_Society_FISIP_UBB.jpg" alt="cover society" width="155" height="213"><strong>Society</strong>, (abbreviated key-title: Society (Bangka. Online)), with registered number <a title="ISSN 2338-6932" href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1373005076" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ISSN 2338-6932</strong></a> (Print) and <a title="ISSN 2597-4874" href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1501558144" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ISSN 2597-4874</strong></a> (Online), is an open-access and peer-reviewed journal, published two times a year (June and December) by the Social Engineering Laboratory, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Bangka Belitung. Our main goal is to spread the latest and original articles from researchers and practitioners in Studies in Human Society.</p> <p>Society is intended to be the journal for publishing articles reporting the results of research on various topics include, but not limited to, Sociology, Policy and Administration, Political Science, Anthropology, Demography, Human Geography, Social Work, Criminology, and Other Studies in Human Society.<br><br>Society is accredited by the Ministry of Research and Technology / National Agency for Research and Innovation of the Republic of Indonesia, Decree No. 28/E/KPT/2019, rank 2 (Accredited B), valid until 2023. This journal provides immediate open access to its content, on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.</p> <p>In order to improve the quality of Society towards an internationally reputed journal, Society will publish every article in two languages ​​(English and Indonesian). Articles received in Indonesian will be translated into English, and vice versa.</p> </div> <hr> <div style="text-align: center;"><strong>Library Catalog</strong></div> <p>&nbsp;</p> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <p>Society (online version) is available in Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia (National Library of the Republic of Indonesia) through Indonesia oneSearch by PERPUSNAS. Print edition of this journal is also part of the ASEAN Collection at Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (National Library of Malaysia) in Kuala Lumpur - Malaysia and National Library of Australia catalog in Canberra - Australia.</p> <div style="text-align: center;"> <p><a title="Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia" href="http://onesearch.id/Search/Results?filter[]=repoId:IOS6459" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img class="responsive" title="OneSearchID" src="/public/site/images/society/Indonesia_oneSearch_by_PERPUSNAS.jpg" alt="Perpusnas Logo" width="279" height="105"></a><a title="Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia" href="http://opac.pnm.gov.my/lib/item?id=chamo:879740&amp;fromLocationLink=false&amp;theme=PNM2" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Perpustakaan_Negara_Malaysia1.jpg" alt="PNM Logo" width="279" height="105"></a><a title="NLA Catalogue" href="https://catalogue.nla.gov.au/Record/7892395" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img 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href="https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/public/site/images/society/TemplateEnglish.docx" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Article_Template.jpg" width="250" height="100"></a> <a title="Submit Your Paper" href="https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/about/submissions" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Submit_Your_Paper.jpg" width="250" height="100"></a></p> <p><a title="Chat with us" href="https://api.whatsapp.com/send?phone=62%2081279147175" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/Chat_Whatsapp.jpg" width="250" height="150"></a></p> <hr> <div style="text-align: center;"><strong>Society joins Publons and ReviewerCredits</strong></div> <br> <div style="text-align: center;"> <p>We are pleased to inform you that <strong>Society</strong> has joined <strong><a title="Publons" href="https://publons.com/journal/444377/society" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Publons</a></strong> and <a title="ReviewerCredits" href="https://www.reviewercredits.com/user/society/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ReviewerCredits</strong></a>, the most comprehensive platform to certify, measure and reward the activity of scientists as <strong>Peer Reviewers</strong>.</p> <p><a title="Publons" href="https://publons.com/journal/444377/society" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/blue_white.png" alt="Publons" width="250" height="150"></a> <a title="ReviewerCredits" href="https://www.reviewercredits.com/user/society/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/society/ReviewerCredits.jpg" alt="ReviewerCredits" width="250" height="150"></a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div> <hr> <p><strong>Conference Information</strong></p> <p><a title="ICLEISR 2020" href="https://icleisr2020.pallawa.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img class="responsive" src="/public/site/images/herdiyanti/ICLEISR_2020.jpg" alt="ICLEISR 2020" width="100%" height="auto"></a></p> <hr></div> </div> <table width="100%"> <tbody> <tr bgcolor="#0065B3"> <td style="padding-top: 10px; padding-bottom: 10px; padding-left: 5px;" colspan="10" align="center"><strong><span style="color: white; font-family: Arial;">PARTNER</span></strong></td> </tr> <tr bgcolor="#F8F8FF"> <td style="padding-top: 5px;" colspan="5" align="center"><a title="AIBPM" href="http://www.aibpm.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img class="responsive" style="width: 200px; height: 200px; border-radius: 50%;" src="/public/site/images/society/AIBPM.png" alt="AIBPM" width="200" height="200"></a><br><a title="AIBPM" href="http://www.aibpm.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>AIBPM</strong></a><br><sub><strong>Association of International Business &amp; Professional Management</strong></sub></td> <td style="padding-top: 5px;" colspan="5" align="center"><a title="Kemenparekraf" href="https://www.kemenparekraf.go.id/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img class="responsive" style="width: 200px; height: 200px; border-radius: 50%;" src="/public/site/images/society/Kemenparekraf.png" alt="AIBPM" width="200" height="200"></a><br><a title="Kemenparekraf" href="https://www.kemenparekraf.go.id/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Kemenparekraf</strong></a><br><sub><strong>Ministry of Tourism and Economy Creative of Republic of Indonesia</strong></sub></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/260 CSR in the Pandemic Era Based Values State-Defense: Content Analysis on the Official Website of Five State-Owned Enterprises 2021-07-12T20:39:46+00:00 Yani Hendrayani yanihendrayani@upnvj.ac.id Uljanatunnisa Uljanatunnisa uljanatunnisa@upnvj.ac.id <p>The urgency of the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia continues to increase. Companies in Indonesia are now focusing on CSR programs to assist the government in accelerating the handling of COVID-19. This study aims to examine the form of social support by implementing CSR on the official website pages of 5 State-Owned Enterprises. The type of research used in this research is qualitative using a qualitative content analysis approach. Sampling used non-probability sampling method. The technique used was purposive sampling by taking samples of news content and various CSR activities on the website pages of 5 State-Owned Enterprises. The data analysis technique uses data coding using a deductive approach. The value analysis of CSR activities is implemented and implementing CSR based on the value state of defense. Otherwise, three CSR pillars, namely People, Profit, and Planet, are implemented in various CSR activities covering education, health, environment, infrastructure, community empowerment, disaster management, and special assistance to affected communities. The Result of the seven categories, the three most frequently encountered are community economic empowerment support through Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) and health support and educational support.</p> 2021-03-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/301 Single Mothers' Survival Strategies of University Students During COVID-19 Pandemic 2021-07-12T20:39:46+00:00 Priyono Tri Febrianto priyono.febrianto@trunojoyo.ac.id <p>The COVID-19 pandemic impacted the social and economic sectors. Family, the smallest social unit, is experiencing the impact, particularly for the woman as single-parent. Being a single parent is either a choice, decision, or condition that must be accepted due to the spouse’s passing or other condition. Single parents carried numerous burdens alone, including earning a living and raising the children. These burdens have a significant impact on single parents. This study aims to reveal single-parent families’ survival mechanisms. The research applied a qualitative method by interviewing single mothers from university students in East Java Province, Indonesia. This study used the theory of survival mechanism proposed by James Scott. The study found that instabilities generated by the COVID-19 pandemic produced enormous diminishing income. Such ordeals faced by single parents are burdensome because they initially had to support the family amid the feeble economy. Income vulnerability becomes a deep concern for single mothers. Pandemic COVID-19 caused these mothers to empower themselves and develop various survival strategies. The mothers from middle-class families live frugally and selective when they buy something they need. While mothers from lower-class families did different survival mechanisms, range from careful spending, owe some money, and open a business using their ex-husband’s savings. Furthermore, they are also working overtime, empowering their children to help with the work, diversifying jobs by opening food stalls up to have an online shop. Therefore, it can be assumed that the COVID-19 pandemic has made single parents struggle even more to fulfil their family needs.</p> 2021-04-26T02:52:05+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/286 Palm Oil and Natural Disasters: Sociological Meanings of Discourses on the Ecological Impact of Oil Palm Expansion 2021-07-12T20:39:45+00:00 Siska Adhariani siskaadhariani@gmail.com Afrizal Afrizal afrizal@soc.fisip.unand.ac.id <p>Since its inception and until now, oil palm plantations have been controversial in Indonesia. Although there is ample evidence presented by proponents proving that oil palm expansion has made an important contribution to the Indonesian economy, from an ecological point of view, it is claimed by critics to have negative impacts on the environment, one of which is the cause of natural disasters. The link between oil palm expansion and natural disasters is debated between critics and supporters of oil palm expansion. This study examines the theme of criticism of oil palm expansion as a cause of natural disasters and counter-discourse of supporting oil palm expansion. By using literature study methods and an environmental, sociological perspective, it is found that the discourse on the impact of oil palm plantation expansion shows a contradiction between the views of the New Ecological Paradigm (Paradigma Ekologi Baru or PEB) and the Human Exemptionalism Paradigm (Paradigma Keterpisahan Manusia or HEP). The Indonesian government is building a counter-discourse of ecological modernization to maintain and develop oil palm plantations expansion.</p> 2021-04-27T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/299 Behavior Analysis of Brand Loyalists and Brand Switcher in 5-Star Accommodation Services in Medan City 2021-07-12T20:39:44+00:00 Femmy Indriany Dalimunthe femmydalimunthe@poltekparmedan.ac.id <p>A brand is a fundamental part of the marketing strategy in influencing purchase interest. A person’s buying ability will influence a customer to choose the product they want. In addition, higher competitiveness among hotels will create more awareness to maintain customer satisfaction and turn it into customer loyalty as the main target of their marketing. In connection with achieving customer loyalty, hotels must study the factors influencing customers to become loyal or switch from the hotel brand. A brand can be measured through brand equity which consists of a set of assets and liabilities of the Brand associated with the name and symbol of the Brand that can be given to consumers. Important and measurable components in forming brand equity include brand awareness, brand association, perceived quality, and brand loyalty. This study examines the variables that make the difference between loyalists and customers who switch hotel brands. The data used were taken from 42 respondents spread across the International Departure Terminal of Kualanamu Airport. The research method used is descriptive with a quantitative approach. The data were analyzed using the discriminant analysis method through the SPSS 12.0 program. And other limitations for this research are 5-Star Hotels and Chain International in Medan. Discriminant analysis shows that one factor requiring search variation distinguishes between brand loyalists and brand switchers. The Brand switching matrices show that all hotels serving consumers in Medan have low customer loyalty. The ratio between brand loyalists and brand switchers was 1:9, which means that only one person is loyal to one brand out of 10 consumers of accommodation services. The rest are types of consumers who like to switch to other brands.</p> 2021-05-25T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/245 Intellectual Capital in Customer’s Perception of Sharia Banking in Pangkalpinang 2021-07-12T20:39:43+00:00 Nizwan Zukhri nizwan_ubb@yahoo.com Sri Rahayu unjasri@gmail.com Hidayati Hidayati hhida111@yahoo.com Erita Rosalina eritarosalina46@gmail.com <p>This study investigates the influence of intellectual capital with the dimensions of Human Assets (HC), Structural Capital (SC), and Relationships (RC) on banking performance in the perceptions of customers on Syariah Bank in Pangkalpinang. The choice of method in this research is quantitative with the target of five Sharia banks in Pangkalpinang, namely Bank Syariah Mandiri, BRI Syariah, Bank SumselBabel Syariah, and Bank Muamalat. There were 20 questionnaires distributed in each Sharia bank. The measuring instrument used to calculate the variables is Structure Equation Modeling (SEM). The path coefficient value data processing or path coefficient bootstrapping analysis with the direction of the relationship obtained the human asset variable (HC) results, showing a positive number of 0.361. The structural capital variable (SC) shows a positive number of 0.436, the human asset variable (HC), and the capital variable structural (SC) has a positive effect on banking performance. For the relation variable (RC), the original value showed a positive number of 0.076. The t-statistic value was smaller than the t-value, 0.704 &lt;1.96 so that the relationship variable had no positive effect on banking performance.</p> 2021-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/291 The Influence of Prophetic Leadership and Job Satisfaction toward Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) on Employees of Prof. Dr. H. Kadirun Yahya Foundation in Medan 2021-06-13T09:19:53+00:00 Sherry Hadiyani sherryhadiyani@usu.ac.id Abdhy Aulia Adnans abdhy_aulia@yahoo.com Ferry Novliadi novliadi@yahoo.com Fahmi Fahmi fahmi.psi@gmail.com <p>This study aims to determine the influence of prophetic leadership and job satisfaction toward organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) on employees of Prof. Dr. H. Kadirun Yahya Foundation in Medan. The study used a survey model involving 64 employees of Prof. Dr. H. Kadirun Yahya Foundation in Medan. The data were analyzed using multiple linear regression. The results indicated that prophetic leadership and job satisfaction significantly positively influenced organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). The coefficient of the determinant (R²) of prophetic leadership and job satisfaction showed a value of 0.134, meaning that variation of organizational citizenship behavior is influenced by prophetic leadership and job satisfaction as much as 13.4%, and other factors influenced the rest.</p> 2021-06-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/296 The Analysis of Integrity and Satisfaction Effect on Teacher Loyalty in Kupang 2021-06-16T15:02:47+00:00 Franky Franky franky@dsn.moestopo.ac.id Thomas Budiman thomas@rehobot.net <p>Kupang is a city where teacher competence is still low. The government has disbursed quite a lot of funds for teacher development in Kupang. It is unfortunate if the teachers who have been fostered do not have high loyalty to move to other schools or leave the area. It is suspected that loyalty is influenced by teacher satisfaction and integrity. Satisfaction can include satisfaction with salary, workload, leadership, co-workers, awards, regulations, and facilities. If the components influence of satisfaction and integrity on teacher loyalty in Kupang can be found, then policies to increase loyalty can be pursued. This research aims to analyze the distribution of teachers in Kupang based on their loyalty, analyze the distribution of teachers in Kupang based on their general satisfaction, the distribution of teachers in Kupang based on their integrity, and the effect of integrity and satisfaction on teacher loyalty in Kupang. This research was conducted based on 141 teachers in Kupang who were selected by purposive sampling. The method used for data analysis is Partial Least Square (PLS) and Distribution Table. The data analysis found that 39% of respondents had low loyalty, and 61% had high loyalty; 48.2% of respondents had low general satisfaction and 51.8% had high satisfaction, 44% had low integrity, and 56% had high integrity. Variables that influence loyalty are integrity, satisfaction with salary, school rules, and co-workers. The higher the integrity and satisfaction component of salaries, regulations, and co-workers, the higher the loyalty of teachers in Kupang.</p> 2021-06-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/320 The Analysis of Factors Affecting Preparation Level for the Industry 4.0 Era in the COVID-19 Pandemic on Employees in DKI Jakarta 2021-06-22T02:49:49+00:00 Rianti Setiadi rianti@sci.ui.ac.id Franky Franky franky@dsn.moestopo.ac.id <p>This study analyses significant factors affecting the level of preparation for the industry 4.0 era related to anxiety about the COVID-19 pandemic on employees in DKI Jakarta. Apart from being influenced by the anxiety of the COVID-19 pandemic, the level of preparation for the industry 4.0 is also differentiated by gender, age, education, marital status, decreasing income, and loyalty. Therefore, companies can arrange the planning related to preparing the industry 4.0 during the COVID-19 pandemic if those factors have been figured out. This study used a quantitative method, and the population of this study is full-time employees in DKI Jakarta. The sample was selected by using the snowball sampling technique distributed to 12 companies in DKI Jakarta. The distribution was conducted through the WhatsApp application for a month, and it was gained 228 respondents.&nbsp; Snowball sampling technique used in correlation with the implementation of large-scale social restrictions caused by COVID-19 pandemic. The data analysis used a multiple linear regression model. The results show that factors affecting the level of employees’ preparation in DKI Jakarta for industry 4.0 related to the anxiety of the COVID-19 pandemic are loyalty and a decrease in income.</p> 2021-06-21T07:28:20+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/145 Service-learning as a Strategy to Promote Global Citizenship in Indonesia 2021-06-28T01:35:25+00:00 Yusuf Faisal Ali yusuffaisalali2016@gmail.com Yayuk Hidayah yayuk.hidayah@pgsd.uad.ac.id <p>The problem behind this research is service-learning usefulness as a strategy to promote global citizenship at universities in Indonesia. The methodology used in this research is a qualitative type of phenomenology. The research subjects were students involved in the Student Executive Board or Badan Eksekutif Mahasiswa (BEM) organization from eight different campuses in the Special Region of Yogyakarta or Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY). The research results show two findings, 1) service-learning in student organizations can promote global citizenship values, and 2) service-learning in student organizations can improve industrial skills. Thus, this study concluded that student organizations in higher education could be a place to promote global citizenship and improve industrial revolution 4.0 skills among students. Therefore, the recommendation in this study is for further researchers to research by emphasizing learning outcomes that focus on the level of numbers and readiness to face the industrial revolution, which includes the ability to adopt values ​​and nature as Indonesian people and as citizens of the world.</p> 2021-06-25T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/311 Implementation of Quick on the Draw Strategy in Learning to Understand Description Text Information 2021-06-29T18:36:42+00:00 Intama Jemy Polii intamapolii@unima.ac.id Abdul Muqit abd.muqit@polinema.ac.id Justien R. R. Wuisang justienwuisang@unima.ac.id Jerry Rommy Herter Wuisang jerrywuisang@unima.ac.id <p>This classroom action research aimed to improve the seventh-grade students of SMP Negeri 4 Tondano (Public Middle School) in understanding the information of a descriptive text. This research was conducted in two cycles. The research subjects were 28 students of class VII-A. The results showed that implementing the Quick on the Draw strategy in learning to understand descriptive text information created a learning atmosphere that excites students. It allows all students to play active roles during the learning as the nine steps of Quick on the Draw place students as the subject. Students use their potentials to think independently, solve problems jointly, and obtain additional information not provided by the teachers. The final test results showed that from 28 students, 27 students (96.42%) scored above 75, and 1 student (3.58%) below the standard. The ability of students to understand classical descriptive text information was 83, beyond the Minimum Learning Mastery Standard.</p> 2021-06-29T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/184 Distrust of Healthcare Services: Pregnant Women’s Lack of Willingness to Use Maternity Waiting Home Service in Wonogiri Regency 2021-07-01T07:26:20+00:00 Sri Hilmi Pujihartati srihilmi@staff.uns.ac.id Mahendra Wijaya mahendrawijaya@staff.uns.ac.id Argyo Demartoto argyodemartoto_fisip@staff.uns.ac.id <p>To reduce the maternal mortality rate, a health service program that ensures the good health of pregnant women is needed. Maternity Waiting Home (MWH) is a program to reduce maternal mortality. This program is implemented in various regions in Indonesia, and the one is in Wonogiri Regency. In its implementation, it is not uncommon to find obstacles that come from various parties. This study uses a qualitative descriptive method to explain the Maternity Waiting Home (MWH) service and its distrust. This study seeks to explain the trust of various stakeholders, especially pregnant women, in the Maternity Waiting Home (MWH) service in Wonogiri Regency. Focus Group Discussions (FGD) and interviews were conducted to collect data by generating samples from various stakeholders. In reality, the Maternity Waiting Home (MWH) service in Wonogiri Regency experiences obstacles, especially from the trust of its users. Many pregnant women are unwilling to use the Maternity Waiting Home (MWH) service for several reasons. There is distrust in the service because of many factors. This study concludes that Maternity Waiting Home (MWH) service stakeholders in Wonogiri Regency should address and fix this important problem by intensifying socialization about the urgent of Maternity Waiting Home (MWH) service.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/256 Entrepreneurial and Market Orientation as Determinants of Postharvest Factors for Muntok Pepper by Farmers 2021-07-12T20:39:37+00:00 Evahelda Evahelda evaheldaubb@gmail.com Iwan Setiawan binri_fam@yahoo.co.id Rati Purwasih ratipurwasih09@gmail.com Rufti Puji Astuti ruftipuji24@gmail.com <p>The problem of Muntok Pepper business performance continues to decline due to the inability of farmers to face price uncertainty, recognize and understand market conditions. The fact is that the number of business actors continues to grow. Competing to face changes in the business environment is necessary, so entrepreneurial farmers are needed. This study aims to look at the postharvest process carried out by Muntok Pepper farmers and analyze whether entrepreneurial orientation and market orientation are determinant factors that affect the postharvest handling process. The research method used a survey method involving 60 farmers. Using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), data analysis was carried out using smart Partial Least Squares (PLS). The results showed that the postharvest handling process was significantly influenced by entrepreneurial orientation and market orientation, but entrepreneurial orientation influence was greater than market orientation. Farmers carry out postharvest handling of Muntok Pepper in two stages. 50% of farmers carry out threshing, soaking, and drying processes. 50% of farmers do not do the sorting, grading, and milling process. Farmers’ decisions in postharvest handling are more influenced by the influence of the entrepreneurial orientation of farmers. Farmers who are motivated to excel, dare to take risks, and are willing to innovate by using new production methods tend to carry out a good postharvest handling process, not only threshing, soaking, and drying but also sort and process pepper derivative products.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/277 Financial Literacy, Risk Tolerance, and Financial Management of Micro-enterprise Actors 2021-07-12T20:39:36+00:00 Heni Hirawati heni.hirawati@untidar.ac.id Yacobo P Sijabat yacobo.djabat@untidar.ac.id Axel Giovanni axelgiovanni@untidar.ac.id <p>Micro-enterprises have a significant role in the country’s economy. However, business owners must face various problems to develop their business. One of the problems is the limited funding for micro-enterprises due to the low financial literacy of business owners. In addition, the business owner’s tolerance for risk is also expected to affect the financial management of micro-enterprises. This study aims to determine the level of financial literacy andtolerance of business owners and the financial management of micro-enterprises. This research method uses a questionnaire distributed to micro-enterprise owners in Central Java Province and Yogyakarta Special Region. The results showed that the level of financial literacy of micro-enterprise owners was in the medium category. Micro-enterprise owners have a neutral attitude towards risk and are not individuals who dare to take risks but do not avoid risk. Financial management carried out by business owners is still in the poor category. Improvement of financial literacy, understanding of risks, and financial management of micro-enterprises still need to be done.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/295 Policy Implementation on Establishment and Management of Village-Owned Enterprises in Indonesia 2021-07-23T03:41:17+00:00 Andy Alfatih alfatihmpa@yahoo.com Diana Dewi Sartika diana_pswunsri@yahoo.com Dyah Hapsari Eko Nueraheni dyah_enh@yahoo.co.id <p>One of the efforts to obtain and increase village revenue was by running a business through a village-owned enterprise (VOEs). A policy was needed for utilizing village resources in establishing a village-owned enterprise. The Musi Rawas Regency Government had made a policy, namely Musi Rawas Regency Regional Regulation Number 10 of 2013, concerning Guidelines for the Establishment and Management of Village-Owned Enterprises (VOEs). Villages of Musi Rawas Regency had implemented this regulation. This research aimed to evaluate the implementation of this regional regulation. This research method is descriptive quantitative comprises a sample survey and descriptive analysis indicators resulting from the sample survey. The population of this research was 174 Village-Owned Enterprises (VOEs/BUMDes) in Musi Rawas Regency. At the same time, the sample was 64 VOEs which was taken by referring to the Slovin formula. There were primary data and secondary ones. Primary data came mainly from the questionnaire and field observation. Meanwhile, secondary data were sourced from documents, such as archives and reports. Data were analyzed by descriptive technique. The descriptive technique was done by displaying data, assessing them, delivering argument, quoting theory for justification and confirmation, and concluding. Implementing the Regional Regulation concerning Guidelines for the Establishment and Management of Village-Owned Enterprises (VOEs) was successful. This could be seen from several indicators, refers to Ripley &amp; Franklin (1986), namely: 1) There existed compliance of policy implementers towards the content of the regional regulation. The degree of compliance was high and was in a good category. 2) The establishment and management of VOEs (the smoothness of routine functions) were also high and classified as good, and 3) The performance of the management of VOEs was also good. The impact of policy implementation (regional regulation of Musi Rawas Regency) was positive (good).</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/290 The Influence of Work Competency and Motivation on Employee Performance 2021-07-12T20:39:42+00:00 Benedictus Kristo Wijayanto bkristow@gmail.com Asri Laksmi Riani asrilaksmi_fe@staff.uns.ac.id <p>Employee performance has a contribution to the development of a company. The personal performance of an employee can influence by competency and work motivation factors. This research was arranged based on theoretical analysis as well as empirical studies. The research aims to define a structured thinking concept about the relationship between competency variables, work motivation, and employee performance. Worker performance is the result of efforts achieved by a person or group who work in a company. Then competence leads to the employee’s deep and inherent personality. Work motivation is the driving force that makes an employee use his/her abilities to complete the works. Further research can examine conceptual frameworks in business, manufacturing, and service organizations.</p> 2021-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##