The Interplay of Migration Dynamics with Agricultural Paradigm Shifts in Indonesia
Society Volume 11 Issue 2#2023
PDF (English)
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia)

Keywords

Agriculture;
Meta-Analysis;
Migration;
Rural Communities;
Transformation

View Counter


  • Abstract viewed - 179 times
  • PDF (English) downloaded - 58 times
  • PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) downloaded - 52 times

Search in:

| |

How to Cite

Kusumo, R., Kurnia, G., Setiawan, I., & Tirtosudarmo, R. (2023). The Interplay of Migration Dynamics with Agricultural Paradigm Shifts in Indonesia. Society, 11(2), 329-342. https://doi.org/10.33019/society.v11i2.441

Abstract

The nexus between migration and agricultural transformation encapsulates the dynamics of rural community livelihoods. Existing studies have not explicitly delineated the landscape of out-migration from rural regions in Indonesia. This study aims to elucidate migration behaviors intertwined with the lives of farming households and the utilization of remittances for agricultural investment activities. Through a comprehensive examination of literature and meta-analyses encompassing various migration cases in Indonesia, the findings reveal that both local and international migration by rural residents illustrate the adaptive strategies employed by households to cope with constrained income within the agricultural sector and limited employment prospects outside it in their villages. The enduring bond of rural communities with the agricultural sector aligns with the discernible pattern of remittance utilization, where a portion is earmarked for agricultural investments, such as land acquisition, including rice fields. The outcomes of this meta-analysis offer a holistic perspective on the relationship between migration and agriculture in Indonesia, serving as a foundation for optimizing the potential of migrants through well-tailored reintegration strategies aimed at mitigating poverty in rural areas.

DOI : https://doi.org/10.33019/society.v11i2.441
PDF (English)
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia)

References

Adams, R. H., & Page, J. (2005). Do international migration and remittances reduce poverty in developing countries? World Development, 33(10), 1645–1669. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2005.05.004

Bachtiar, P. P. (2011). Migration Outflow and Remittance Patterns in Indonesia: National as well as Subnational Perspectives. Philippine Journal of Development, 38(1/2), 27–55.

Bhandari, P., & Ghimire, D. (2016). Rural Agricultural Change and Individual Out-migration. Rural Sociology, 81(4). https://doi.org/10.1111/ruso.12106

Bilsborrow, R. E. (1992). Rural Poverty , Migration , and the Environment in Developing Countries Three Case Studies. In World Development Reports: Working Paper.

Breman, J., & Wiradi, G. (2004). Masa Cerah dan MasaSuram di Pedesaan Jawa. LP3ES.

Brown, S. S. (2006). Can remittances spur development? A critical survey. International Studies Review, 8(1), 55–76. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2486.2006.00553.x

Buchori, C., & Amalia, M. (2005). Migrasi, remitansi dan pekerja migran perempuan. The World Bank, 1–11.

Castles, S., Miller, M. J., & Ammendola, G. (2005). The age of migration: International population movements in the modern World. American Foreign Policy Interest, 27(6), 537–542. https://doi.org/10.1080/10803920500434037

Caulfield, M., Bouniol, J., Fonte, S. J., & Kessler, A. (2019). How rural out-migrations drive changes to farm and land management: A case study from the rural Andes. Land Use Policy, 81, 594–603. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.11.030

Chambers, R., & Conway, G. R. (1992). Sustainable rural livelihoods: practical concepts for the 21st century. IDS Discussion Paper, 296(September).

Chen, C., & Zhao, M. (2017). The undermining of rural labor out-migration by household strategies in China’s migrant-sending areas: The case of Nanyang, Henan Province. Cities. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2016.04.009

Collier, W., Santoso, K., Soetoro, & Wibowo, R. (1996). Pendekatan Baru Dalam Pembangunan Pedesaan di Jawa: Kajian Pedesaan Selama Dua Puluh Lima Tahun. Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Connell, J. (1987). Migration , Rural Development and Policy Formation in the South Pacific. Journal of Rural Studies, 3(2), 105–121.

Davis, J., & Lopez-Carr, D. (2014). Migration, remittances and smallholder decision-making: Implications for land use and livelihood change in Central America. Land Use Policy, 36, 319–329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2013.09.001

de Haas, H. (2006). Migration, remittances and regional development in Southern Morocco. Geoforum, 37(4), 565–580. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2005.11.007

Dharmawan, A. . (2007). Sistem Penghidupan dan Nafkah Pedesaan: Pandangan Sosiologi Nafkah (Livelihood Sociology) Mazhab Barat dan Mazhab Bogor. Sodality, 01(02), 169–192.

Ellis, F. (1999). Rural livelihood diversities in developing countries. Natural Resources Perspectives, 40(April 1999), 1–10.

Gamso, J., & Yuldashev, F. (2018). Does rural development aid reduce international migration? World Development. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2018.05.035

Gautam, Y., & Andersen, P. (2016). Rural livelihood diversification and household well-being. Journal of Rural Studies, 44, 239–249. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2016.02.001

Gilbert, A., & Gugler, J. (1996). Urbanisasi dan kemiskinan di negara dunia ketiga. PT. Tiara Wacana Yogya.

Gray, C. L. (2009). Rural out-migration and smallholder agriculture in the southern Ecuadorian Andes. Population Environment, 30(1), 193–217. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11111-009-0081-5

Hamidah, C. (2013). Dampak Remitansi Tenaga Kerja Indonesia (TKI) Luar Negeri Pada Peningkatan Investasi Daerah Asal. Ekuilibrium, 11(2), 1–14.

Hugo, G. (1975). Population Mobility in West Java, Indonesia [Australian National University]. https://doi.org/DOI: 10.1007/BF02389711

Hugo, G. (1988). Population Movement in Indonesia Since 1971. Tijdschrift Voor Economische En Sociale Geografie, 79(4), 242–256. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9663.1988.tb01310.x

Hull, J. R. (2007). Migration , Remittances and Monetization of Farm Labor in Subsistence Sending Areas. Asian and Paciific MIgration Journal, 16(4), 451–484.

Islam, M. S., Abubakar, H., & Keramat, S. A. (2012). Remittance Inflow Into Rural Economy of Bangladesh. Manpower Journal, XLVII(2), 16–30.

Jafar, R., Laming, R. F., & Meilvidiri, W. (2018). Penyebab dan Dampak Ekonomi-Sosial Temporary Migration Sektor Pertanian Pada Saat Lean Season di Kota Makassar. Ecosystem, 18(3), 1228–1241.

Kelly, P. (2011). Migration, Agrarian Transition and Rural Change in Southeast Asia. Critical Asian Studies, 43(4), 479–506. https://doi.org/10.1080/14672715.2011.623516

Kurnia, G. (1999). Modernisasi dan Penguatan Ekonomi Rakyat di Pedesaan. In H. Basri (Ed.), Modernisasi dan Penguatan Ekonomi Rakyat di Pedesaan Sebagai Strategi Penanggulangan Kemiskinan (pp. 41–69). Bina Rena Pariwara.

Lee, E. S. (1966). A Theory of Migration. Demography, 3 (1), 47–57.

Levitt, P. (1996). Social Remittances: A Conceptual Tool for Understanding Migration and Development. In Working Paper Series (Vol. 96, Issue 04).

Mantra, I. B. (1981). Population Movement in Wet Rice Communities. Gadjah Mada University Press.

Mardiyaningsih, D. I., Dharmawan, A. H., & Tonny, F. (2010). The dynamics of the traditional and modern farmer community livelihoods in West Java. Sodality, 04(01), 115–145.

Massey, D. S. (2013). Social Structure, Household Strategies, and the Cumulative Causation of Migration. Population Index, 56(1), 3–26.

McDowell, C., & de Haan, A. (1997). Migration and Sustainable Livelihoods : A Critical Review of The Literature: (IDS Working Paper 65).

Mukbar, D. (2009). Perdesaan, migrasi dan perubahan penghidupan : sebuah kajian literatur.

Nelson, P. B. (2001). Rural restructuring in the American West : land use , family and class discourses. Journal of Rural Studies, 17, 395–407.

Padmo, S. (1999). Perpindahan penduduk dan ekonomi rakyat Jawa, 1900-1980. Humaniora, 12(1), 56–66.

Pratama, A. (2014). Peran remitan buruh migran internasional bagi rumah tangga di pedesaan.

Primawati, A. (2011). Remitan Sebagai Dampak Migrasi Pekerja ke Malaysia. Sosiokonsepia, 16(2), 209–222.

Pritchard, B., Rammohan, A., & Vicol, M. (2019). The importance of non-farm livelihoods for household food security and dietary diversity in rural Myanmar. Journal of Rural Studies, 67(1), 89–100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.02.017

Qin, H., & Grigsby, M. E. (2016). A systematic review and “meta-Study” of meta-analytical approaches to the human dimensions of environmental change. Human Ecology Review, 22(2), 109–136. https://doi.org/10.22459/HER.22.02.2016.05

Qin, H., & Liao, T. F. (2016). Labor Out-Migration and Agricultural Change in Rural China : A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Rural Studies, 47, 533–541. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2016.06.020

Redehegn, M. A., Sun, D., Eshete, A. M., & Gichuki, C. N. (2019). Development Impacts of Migration and Remittances on Migrant-Sending Communities : Evidence from Ethiopia. Plos One, 6, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0210034

Romdiati, H. (2012). Migrasi Tenaga Kerja Indonesia dari Kabupaten Tulungagung : Kecenderungan dan Arah Migrasi, serta Remitansi. Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia, VII(2), 27–53.

Rudel, T. K. (2008). Meta-analyses of case studies: A method for studying regional and global environmental change. Global Environmental Change, 18(1), 18–25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2007.06.001

Rudel, T. K., Coomes, O. T., Moran, E., Achard, F., Angelsen, A., Xu, J., & Lambin, E. (2005). Forest transitions: Towards a global understanding of land use change. Global Environmental Change, 15(1), 23–31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2004.11.001

Sajogyo. (1974). Modernization Without Development in Rural Java. (A Paper Contributed to the Study on Changes in Agrarian Structure, FAO of UN, 1972-1973) (pp. 1–75). Bogor Agricultural University.

Septianto, M., Kolopaking, L. M., & Adiwibowo, S. (2018). Penguasaan Tanah Timbul oleh Rumah Tangga Buruh Migran Indonesia Control over Coastal Sedimentation Land by the Indonesian Household Migrant Workers. Sodality, 6(2), 175–183.

Setiadi. (2001). Masalah reingrasi sosial dan ekonomi migran kembali. Populasi, 12(1), 21–35.

Sinuraya, J. F., & Saptana. (2007). Migrasi Tenaga Kerja Pedesaan dan Pola Pemanfaatannya. SOCA, 7(3), 1–23.

Stark, & Bloom. (1985). The New Economics of Labor Migration. The American Economic Review, 75(2), 173–178.

Sunam, R. K., & Mccarthy, J. F. (2016). Reconsidering the links between poverty , international labour migration , and agrarian change : critical insights from Nepal. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 43 (1)(January), 39–63. https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2015.1041520

Sunarto. (1991). Dampak Migrasi Sirkuer Terhadap Desa Asal Migran. Populasi, 2(2), 37–44.

Susilo, S. (2016). Remittance in phenomenology perspective: A study of Indonesian Migran Worker (TKI) in Tulungagung, Indonesia. In Social Sciences (Pakistan) (Vol. 11, Issue 19, pp. 4730–4733). https://doi.org/10.3923/sscience.2016.4730.4733

Suyanto. (2018). Pemanfaatan Remitan Ekonomi dan Ketergantungan Migran Kembali Bekerja di Luar Negeri. Endogami: Jurnal Ilmiah Kajian Antropologi, 2(1), 30. https://doi.org/10.14710/endogami.2.1.30-37

Tamtiari, W. (1999). Dampak sosial migrasi tenaga kerja ke malaysia. Populasi, 10(2), 39–56.

Tanle, A., & Awabuso-Asare, K. (2012). Livelihood activities of migrants from Ghana ’ s northern regions resident in the Obuasi and Techiman municipalities. Journal of Social Development in Africa, 27(2), 113–138.

Taylor, J. E. (1999). The New Economics of Labour Migration and the Role of Remittances in the Migration Process. International Migration, 37(1), 64–88.

Tirtosudarmo, R. (1984). Migration decision making : the case of East Java (Issue March). The Australian National University.

Tirtosudarmo, R. (2009). Mobility and Human Development in Indonesia. In Human Development Reports Research Paper (Vol. 19, Issue 19201).

Tirtosudarmo, R. (2020). Migration and Social Transformation in Indonesia. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Xiao, W., & Zhao, G. (2018). Agricultural land and rural-urban migration in China: A new pattern. Land Use Policy, 74, 142–150. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.05.013

Xu, D. de, Cao, S., Wang, X. xi, & Liu, S. quan. (2018). Influences of labor migration on rural household land transfer: A case study of Sichuan Province, China. Journal of Mountain Science, 15(9). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-4973-7

Yuniarto, P. R. (2015). Siasat Bertahan, Model Pengelolaan Remitansi, dan Usaha Mikro Keluarga Buruh Migran. Populasi, 23, 71–87.

Zid, M., Wahyuni, E. S., Kolopaking, L. M., & Soetarto, E. (2012). Migrasi Internasional Perempuan dan Penguasaan Lahan Pedesaan di Jawa Barat. Mimbar Demokrasi, 11(2), 1–18.

Copyright (c) 2023 Owned by the Author(s), published by Society

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.